giovedì, Luglio 25, 2024

STRATEGIE DI INTELLIGENZA ARTIFICIALE: L’IMPORTANZA DELLA COOPERAZIONE INTERNAZIONALE

Diario geostrategico,2 dicembre 2021

Buona lettura ! 

 

The Science of Where Magazine’s interviews:

– L’Intelligence tra rischio, cyber e passione. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Adriana Piancastelli Manganelli, OSINT Senior Analyst

– Towards sustainable AI. The Science of Where Magazine meets Abhishek Gupta, Founder and Principal Researcher, Montreal AI Ethics Institute

– The road to the “new normal” and the role of the G20. The Science of Where meets Priyadarshi Dash. Associate Professor at Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi, he has 14 years of experience in policy research on trade, investment, infrastructure and fintech issues in the context of G20, IORA, BIMSTEC and Indo-Pacific

– Governo dei dati tra geopolitica e tutela del cittadino. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Ivana Bartoletti, Global Chief Privacy Officer a WIPRO Technologies e Visiting Policy Fellow presso l’ Università di Oxford

– Tecnologia e responsabilità: uno snodo decisivo. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Federico Cabitza, Università di Milano-Bicocca

– Inside the ethics of artificial intelligence: for a decentralized approach. The Science of Where Magazine meets James Brusseau, Philosopher, Pace University

– L’intelligenza artificiale contro le discriminazioni sul lavoro. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Keith Sonderling, Commissioner del U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

– Gathering strenght, gathering storms. Visions on artificial intelligence. The Science of Where Magazine meets Michael Littman and Peter Stone

 Today’s Choice

– Aaron Tielemens, Brookings: In October, the Forum for Cooperation on Artificial Intelligence (FCAI), a multistakeholder dialogue among high-level government officials and experts from industry, civil society, and academia, released an interim report taking stock of the current landscape for international cooperation on AI and offering recommendations to make further progress. – Why international cooperation matters in the development of artificial intelligence strategies

Afghanistan

– Eltaf Najafizada, Al Jazeera: The Taliban’s move to restrict women from working could immediately cost the Afghan economy up to $1 billion, or 5% of GDP, the United Nations Development Programme said in a new report as the militant group seeks global help to avert a deepening crisis. The UN report painted a grim picture of Afghanistan’s economy which is under strain with soaring inflation and an ongoing cash crunch. Women account for 20% of the country’s workforce and preventing them from working could shave half a billion dollars alone from household consumption, it said. – A Taliban ban on women in the workforce can cost economy $1bn

Africa

– Max Walter, Brookings: Industrial policy is seeing a revival in Africa and beyond. In fact, governments across the continent are now explicitly using a variety of industrial policy tools to promote industrialization through agro-processing, labor-intensive light manufacturing, natural resource extraction and value addition, some knowledge-intensive manufacturing, and “industries without smokestacks” such as high-value agriculture and tradable services. – Industrial policy makes a comeback in Africa

Asia

– Andrew Ywo, Brookings: In his first major foreign policy speech, U.S. President Joseph Biden declared that the U.S. must “start with diplomacy rooted in America’s most cherished democratic values.” To date, however, democracy and human rights have not factored as prominently in the Biden administration’s handling of U.S. alliance relations in Asia. Although the administration’s  Summit for Democracy in December aims to spur democratic renewal at home and abroad, U.S. policymakers will find it particularly challenging to implement a robust human rights and democracy agenda in the Indo-Pacific region for three reasons. – Will Asia buy into the Summit for Democracy?

China

– Elena Chernenko, Alexander Gabuev, Tong Zhao, Carnegie Moscow Center: Podcast host Alexander Gabuev is joined by Tong Zhao, a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program, and Elena Chernenko, a special correspondent at Kommersant, to discuss China’s plans for its nuclear arsenal. – Podcast: China’s Nuclear Expansion – Carnegie Moscow Center – Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

China-Africa

– Al Jazeera: Chinese President Xi Jinping made the commitments virtually as part of the annual Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. – China’s role in African development

Cyber Security

– Josephine Wolff, Brookings: In June 2017, when the NotPetya malware first popped up on computers across the world, it didn’t take long for authorities in Ukraine, where the infections began, to blame Russia for the devastating cyberattack that would go on to do $10 billion of damage globally. NotPetya was a component of the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine, but even though it was designed to infiltrate computer systems via a popular piece of Ukrainian accounting software, the virus spread far beyond the borders of Ukraine, causing an incredible amount and variety of damage. – How the NotPetya attack is reshaping cyber insurance

Europe

– Kemal Derviş, Project-Syndicate: As we approach the end of 2021, the European Union is debating its choices and priorities in an increasingly dangerous world. Europe has succeeded since 1945 in realizing its foundational “peace project,” making war between old continental adversaries unthinkable and arguably reaching a Kantian “perpetual peace” within the territory of the Union. – Europe’s Two Peace Missions

– Carlo Bastasin, Brookings: Recent developments in Poland show how difficult it can be to hold together democracy and security, two of the existential goals that have shaped the European Union. The EU should sanction Poland for its government’s violations of fundamental civil rights, while at the same time supporting Warsaw in tackling aggression coming from Belarus and Russia at the EU’s eastern border. The contradiction between strengthening the rule of law and staving off threats to security in an interdependent environment represents a cautionary tale for the Summit of Democracy that the Biden administration is holding in December. – When security in Europe conflicts with democracy in Poland

India

– Aprajita Sharma, Al Jazeera: Saurabh Shah, a 26-year-old chartered accountant in Mumbai, is not too worried about India’s latest plans to ban cryptocurrencies. He has seen similar proposals come and go before. As a student, Shah invested in Bitcoin in 2017 right before India’s central bank barred financial institutions from executing crypto-related transactions. – India’s cryptocurrency enthusiasts call New Delhi’s bluff on ban

– Arundhuti Gupta, Brookings: Imagine a room full of university students in India: young men and women sitting shoulder to shoulder in equal numbers. Fast forward 10 years: 8 out of those 10 men are likely to be active in the work force compared to only 3 out of 10 of the women. This example illustrates one of the great conundrums of India’s female labor force participation: a low and rapidly declining participation rate (even before the COVID-19 pandemic) despite economic growth and women’s increasing enrollment in tertiary education. This policy brief demonstrates how a digital mentoring policy and practice ecosystem could attract a range of stakeholders to support the transition of young Indian women from tertiary education into the labor force. – Unlocking young women’s economic potential through digital mentoring in India

Japan-South Korea-USA

– Anthony V Rinna, East Asia Forum: Seoul–Tokyo relations under Japan’s new prime minister Fumio Kishida are off to a less-than-promising start. This is no doubt frustrating for the United States, eager to foster reconciliation between two major Indo-Pacific partners. – Washington cannot force Japan and South Korea together

 

Russia-Ukraine

– Alexander Baunov, Carnegie Moscow Center: Once again, the world is discussing the possibility of Russia waging war against Ukraine. This time, however, the circumstances are extraordinary. – Are Russia and Ukraine Once Again on the Brink of War?

USA

– Tracy Hadden Loh, Jennifer S. Vey, Brookings: This November marked the annual Hunger and Homelessness Awareness Week­—aptly timed to coincide with the season of giving, celebrations of harvest plenty, and, in much of the country, the arrival of the cold, cruel weather that makes homelessness perhaps ever so slightly more in the conscience of those who don’t personally have to worry about it. – To address homelessness, place governance must evolve

– Alexandra Kelley, Nextgov: The U.S. workforce is becoming less digitally-savvy compared to those of other nations, with American employees broadly lagging in skills like basic computer literacy and using messaging tools like email––critical knowledge in the modern global digital economy. According to data compiled within a report from the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, roughly 31 percent of employees in the U.S. workforce have either no or limited digital skills. – Report: U.S. Workforce Falling Behind Competitors in Digital Skills

– Alexandra Kelley, Nextgov: A U.S. court sentenced a member of an international hacking organization to 10 months in prison along with heavy fines in connection with a multi-million dollar hacking scheme. The perpetrator, Garrett Endicott, 22, of Warrensburg, Mo., pleaded guilty to cyber crimes affiliated with a large-scale SIM hijacking plot, acting U.S. Attorney Saima Mohsin confirmed on Tuesday. Endicott is the sixth and final defendant to be tried in connection with an international hacking group known as The Community. – Sixth Member of International Hacking Community Sentenced in SIM Card Scheme

– Alexandra Kelley, Nextgov: The Federal Trade Commission ordered nine major retailers, including Amazon, Kroger, and Walmart, to release company information to illuminate ongoing supply chain issues that are disrupting the U.S. economy. – FTC Investigating Major Retailers Over Supply Chain Backlog

– Marcus Weisgerber, Defense One: Bill LaPlante, who left the Pentagon in 2015, has spent the past six years working on technologies the military craves. President Biden said Tuesday that he would nominate the former Air Force weapons chief to become the Pentagon’s top arms buyer. Politico first reported his nomination. – Former Air Force Weapons Chief Tapped as Pentagon’s Lead Arms Buyer

– Caitlin M.Kenney, Defense One: Virtual training environments are becoming more important as the naval services work around the limits of physical ranges and try to keep adversaries from snooping on new concepts and tactics, the Navy and Marine Corps’ top officers said Tuesday. – Range Limits, Enemy Snooping Are Leading Naval Services to More Virtual Training

– Patrick Tucker, Defense One: Unlike its earthbound sister services, the Space Force can’t simply head out to some terrestrial exercise range to train its troops, develop new tactics, or peer into the future of weaponry. Nor do Space Force units have a natural deploy-and-rebuild cycle that affords time for advanced training. So the two-year-old service is creating a new force-generation concept and modeling and simulation environments, a top Space Force leader said. – Space Force Has a Plan for Training Its Troops. Now It Must Figure Out What They Need to Learn

– Hailey M. Gibbs, Margaret Burchinal, and Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Brookings: The

Congressional Budget Office (CBO) report released earlier this month offers a clear picture of the costs of the Build Back Better Act (BBBA) to America. Yet, the report fails to account for the longer term payoffs of investing in a social and economic package that would dramatically change the landscape for children. Millions of jobs would be created in child care and preschool, women would be more likely to enter the workforce in large numbers, and we would likely have a more educated workforce better prepared for the jobs of tomorrow. – The ‘real’ economic advantage of investing in families this holiday season

– Russell Wheeler, Brookings: One sign of a healthy democracy is a judiciary that applies the law independently, even in cases involving powerful partisan interests. When President Donald Trump tried to enlist the courts in his campaign to overturn the results of the election, state and federal judges applied the law as they understood it. They did so despite Trump’s history of lashing out at judges who crossed him during his 2016 campaign and later. – Trump’s judicial campaign to upend the 2020 election: A failure, but not a wipe-out

– Brad Whitehead, Isaac Velez, and Eli Byerly-Duke, Brookings: Love it or hate it, one cannot deny the American Rescue Plan (ARP) and the potential additional federal legislation to follow represent a generational opportunity to change the trajectory of city economies, improve the prospects for suffering citizens, and address long-festering economic and social disparities. – The American Rescue Plan opportunity is knocking for local governments. Will they answer?

– William H.Frey, Brookings: New Census Bureau data released this month shows that despite the attention given to COVID-related migration out of cities, college towns, and other pandemic-impacted areas, overall permanent migration levels in the U.S. plummeted to a historically low level during the first year of the pandemic. – Despite the pandemic narrative, Americans are moving at historically low rates

World

– Simon Johnson, Project-Syndicate: There is an adage that you cannot have back-to-back financial crises. The implication is that a financial crisis causes people to be more careful – so any bank, investment firm, or investor who survives one crisis will not be taking big risks anytime soon. But two years after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic forced lockdowns, quarantines, and other restrictions, the arrival of the Omicron variant is forcing people to ask: Are we about to go through it all again? – Omicron and What Comes Next

– Otmar Issing, Project-Syndicate: Many countries are reporting their highest rates of inflation in decades: 6.2% in the United States, 4.2% in the United Kingdom, 5.2% in Germany, and above 4% in the eurozone. Some insist that it is a temporary phenomenon; others fear that we must brace ourselves for an extended period of significant price increases driven by expansionary monetary policies and rising public debts. – The High Stakes of Rising Inflation

– Andrew Sheng, Xiao Geng, Project-Syndicate: The 2008 global financial crisis changed the way the world looks at balance sheets. Now, an even more profound transformation is needed – one that recognizes the limits of narrow national-level accounting. – Building a One-Earth Balance Sheet

– Andrew Sullivan, Project-Syndicate: We live in an age of wonder in which half the world now has access to a technology – the internet – that supports people’s health and education, can be a lifeline in a time of disaster or disease, and was designed to be open to everyone but owned by no one. And the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted both its importance and its potential by forcing the world to connect remotely, contact-free, and in real time. – The Internet Is Not the Enemy

Altre notizie e approfondimenti su The Global Eye

 

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