sabato, Giugno 15, 2024

LA FAME GLOBALE

Diario geostrategico,  9 novembre 2021

Buona lettura ! 

 

The Science of Where Magazine’s interviews:

– The road to the “new normal” and the role of the G20. The Science of Where meets Priyadarshi Dash. Associate Professor at Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi, he has 14 years of experience in policy research on trade, investment, infrastructure and fintech issues in the context of G20, IORA, BIMSTEC and Indo-Pacific

– Governo dei dati tra geopolitica e tutela del cittadino. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Ivana Bartoletti, Global Chief Privacy Officer a WIPRO Technologies e Visiting Policy Fellow presso l’ Università di Oxford

– Tecnologia e responsabilità: uno snodo decisivo. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Federico Cabitza, Università di Milano-Bicocca

– Inside the ethics of artificial intelligence: for a decentralized approach. The Science of Where Magazine meets James Brusseau, Philosopher, Pace University

– L’intelligenza artificiale contro le discriminazioni sul lavoro. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Keith Sonderling, Commissioner del U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

– Per Italia e Germania, il futuro è nelle nuove tecnologie. Intervista esclusiva con l’Ambasciatore d’Italia a Berlino, Armando Varricchio

– Gathering strenght, gathering storms. Visions on artificial intelligence. The Science of Where Magazine meets Michael Littman and Peter Stone

 Today’s Choice:

– Al Jazeera: The United Nations food agency has said that the number of people on the edge of famine across 43 countries had risen to 45 million, as acute hunger spikes around the world. The jump from 42 million people earlier in the year was largely down to a food security assessment that found another three million people facing famine in Afghanistan, the World Food Programme (WFP) said on Monday. – UN food agency: 45 million people on the edge of famine

Eastern Europe-Vaccination: 

– Kristen Ghodsee, Mitchell A. Orenstein, Project-Syndicate: In recent weeks, as Europe has again become the global epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic, the surge in coronavirus cases, hospitalizations, and deaths has highlighted the continued vaccine hesitancy of one group of Europeans in particular: those in the formerly communist East. While 75.6% of European Union citizens are fully vaccinated, the share in Bulgaria is 26.2% and 39.6% in Romania. In countries outside the EU, the numbers are even bleaker. Only 20.2% of Ukraine’s population, and 36.3% of Russia’s, is fully vaccinated. – Why Won’t Eastern Europeans Get Vaccinated?

Global Topics-Arms Control-Cyber Security-Surveillance Technology:

– Winnona DeSombre, Lars Gjesvik, and Johann Ole Willers, Atlantic Council: State cyber capabilities are increasingly abiding by the “pay-to-play” model—both US/NATO allies and adversaries can purchase interception and intrusion technologies from private firms for intelligence and surveillance purposes. NSO Group has repeatedly made headlines in 2021 for targeting government entities in cyberspace, but there are many more companies selling similar products that are just as detrimental. These vendors are increasingly looking to foreign governments to hawk their wares, and policymakers have yet to sufficiently recognize or respond to this emerging problem. Any cyber capabilities sold to foreign governments carry a risk: these capabilities could be used against individuals and organizations in allied countries, or even in one’s home country. – Surveillance Technology at the Fair: Proliferation of Cyber Capabilities in International Arms Markets

Global Topics-COP26-Climate Action-Climate Change-Ecological Transition:

– Al Jazeera: The 65 most vulnerable nations will see their gross domestic product (GDP) drop 20 percent on average by 2050 and 64 percent by 2100 if the world heats up 2.9 degrees Celsius (5.2 degrees Fahrenheit), according to a report released on Monday at the COP26 climate talks in Glasgow. Even if global temperature rises are capped at 1.5C (2.7F), in keeping with the most ambitious Paris Agreement goal, the same countries would take a GDP hit of 13 percent by 2050 and 33 percent by the end of the century, the study commissioned by Christian Aid said. – Climate on track to devastate world’s poorest economies: Study

Global Topics-Digital Transformation-Emerging and Disruptive Technology:

– Francesco Deventi, Agenda Digitale: Il mondo delle RSA (Residenze Sanitarie Assistenziali) ha goduto di una certa eco mediatica durante la pandemia a causa dei focolai di contagio che si sono sviluppati in alcune di esse. Ma perché tutto questo è accaduto? Due ricerche commissionate da Ascom UMS Italia a Ipsos, hanno provato a dare una risposta, seppure non esaustiva, andando a sondare qual è la situazione effettiva delle RSA in Italia. Le due ricerche possono essere utilizzate come una mappa ragionata per comprendere quali sono i reali fabbisogni delle RSA, anche alla luce di quanto prevede il PNRR laddove il piano sostiene che “elementi di domotica, telemedicina e monitoraggio a distanza permetteranno di aumentare l’efficacia dell’intervento” teso ad “assicurare la massima autonomia e indipendenza della persona”. – RSA, quali tecnologie per un’evoluzione organizzativa: le ricerche

– Sabatina De Fusco, Giorgio Iorio, Agenda Digitale: Dopo la ritirata ufficiale delle truppe statunitensi dall’Afghanistan, sono iniziate le riflessioni generali sull’efficienza e sull’efficacia delle azioni d’attacco messe in atto durante il conflitto e in particolar modo sugli attacchi da remoto con i droni. Rapporti e analisi divulgati dal Pentagono e dalla CIA stanno facendo emergere, nel dibattito pubblico, dei dubbi sulla reale efficacia degli attacchi con questi velivoli a pilotaggio remoto, soprattutto a causa dell’elevato numero di vittime civili coinvolte. Il Presidente degli Stati Uniti, Joe Biden, ha ribadito nelle ultime riunioni sulla difesa la volontà di ridurre al massimo l’utilizzo di militari al di fuori del territorio americano e di utilizzare in forma sempre crescente dove necessario operazioni antiterrorismo “oltre l’orizzonte” con l’obiettivo di ridurre il bilancio della guerra sugli americani. – Droni per la difesa: quali norme per un uso sicuro? Proposte e prospettive

– Daniele Crespi, Alberto Zanini, Agenda Digitale: La proposta di Digital Wallet europeo, diffusa dalla Commissione Europea a inizio giugno 2021, ha sollevato pareri contrastanti tra gli esperti del settore. Alcuni di questi sembrano oggettivi (in primis la critica alla roadmap di implementazione e adozione, che sembra davvero troppo ottimistica), mentre altri hanno probabilmente un carattere più soggettivo, come il plauso all’approccio orientato alla self-sovereign identity, tema che ha certamente un grande hype mediatico ma che va ulteriormente approfondito in tutti i suoi aspetti. – Digital wallet europeo, opportunità o freno per i privati? I pareri

– Francesco Calabrò, Agenda Digitale: Attualmente siamo in una nuova fase della rivoluzione digitale, la quale apre nuove opportunità alle aziende e nasce da una considerazione piuttosto semplice, ma anche rivoluzionaria: se le informazioni vengono digitalizzate, queste possono essere sfruttate come capitale aziendale. Si può (e si deve!) trasformare l’informazione raccolta da semplice “archivio” a informazione “dinamica”, che può essere esplorata. L’azienda sana è quella che sa sviluppare al suo interno i due capitali, quello digitale e quello umano, che lavorino in sinergia: le persone raccolgono i dati, questi vengono elaborati e da questa elaborazione se ne trae un servizio aziendale a beneficio delle persone, sia degli utenti che del personale. In questo modo le informazioni raccolte diventano patrimonio digitale della azienda che ne beneficia anche in termini di servizi. Le persone poi, con la loro intelligenza ed esperienza, utilizzano il servizio non da meri esecutori di ordini, ma con il valore aggiunto che può venire solo dal capitale umano. – Capitale umano e digitale: come estrarre esperienza dai dati aziendali

Global Topics-G20:

– Yves Tiberghien, East Asia Forum: In its self-assigned capacity as ‘the premier forum for international economic cooperation’, the G20 disappointed in Rome. It was unable to massively accelerate COVID-19 vaccine distribution or generate a critical acceleration to solve the climate emergency and mark the end of coal. Three of the five BRICS leaders were not even present. – The good, the bad and the incongruous at the Rome G20

India-Afghanistan:

– Swati Prabhu, ORF: Afghanistan has been suffering wars and civil strife for decades, and remains one of the poorest countries in the world. Today at least 18 million people, or about half of the country’s population, are on the brink of severe food insecurity. Since the invasion of United States-led forces in 2001, the international community has made immense efforts to rebuild Afghanistan. Significant resources have been spent on military support, infrastructure development, and reviving the economy. Till date, the World Bank has committed more than USD 5.3 billion for development projects in Afghanistan and the Asian Development Bank has pledged almost USD 5.39 million in grants and provided USD 120.4 million in technical assistance to Afghanistan since 1966. – The Future of India’s Development Cooperation in Afghanistan

India-China:

– Vivek Raghuvanshi, Defense News:  India is working overtime to better support its troops as they manage the border dispute with China, but rising operational costs remain a challenge. The Indian Army “is gearing up for sizable troops, weaponry and support equipment deployment alongside the Line of Actual Control, or LAC, in the eastern Ladakh this winter to counter the presence of People’s Liberation Army troops,” a senior service official said. – India readies troops for another harsh winter on border with China

Nepal-Afghanistan:

– Kamal Dev Bhattarai, VIF: When the Taliban captured the Afghan capital Kabul on August 15, Nepal was completely unprepared to face the unexpected situation that unfolded in the South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) member. With the Taliban rapidly advancing their hold in the months before August, foreign policy experts had suggested that Nepal must be watchful of the geopolitical fallout of the US-Afghan pullout but the Nepal government was paying very little or no attention. Initially, there were concerns about the safety and security of Nepali working there. Like other countries, Nepal had assumed that it could take a couple of months for the Taliban to arrive in Kabul which proved wrong. – Nepal’s Afghanistan Policy is gradually Acquiring Some Shape

UK-USA:

– Hodan Omaar, Center for Data Innovation: In response to the United States and United Kingdom’s declaration to cooperate on quantum information science and technology – UK-U.S. Alliance Will Boost Both Countries’ Quantum Industries

USA-Defense-Military:

– Stephen Losey, Defense News:  The U.S. Air Force has now been in the Middle East for more than three decades. Even the end of the Afghanistan War isn’t likely to mean a major drawdown from the region. While the Air Force has adjusted its posture — for example, bringing home its EC-130H Compass Call electronic warfare planes for the first time in 20 years — retired Gen. Herbert “Hawk” Carlisle does not expect a radical rebalancing of air power assets in the Middle East. – With Afghanistan off-limits, US hunts for safe airspace as Mideast mission continues

USA-Economy:

– J. Bradford Delong, Project-Syndicate:  In the past three years, technological advances have provided about one percentage point of warranted US real wage growth each year – admittedly, only half the rate of earlier times, but still something. Yet, real wages are currently 4% below their warranted value from adding on the underlying fundamental productivity trend to the pre-pandemic real wage Employment Cost Index (ECI) level. Does that sound like a “high-pressure” labor market to you? – Why All the Inflation Worries?

USA-International 5G Standards:

– Alexandra Bruer, Doug Brake, ITIF: Standards-setting bodies for 5G technology appear to be working well, but U.S. policymakers are justifiably wary of China’s ambitions to manipulate the system. They should stay on guard and provide financial support for U.S. companies to participate. – Mapping the International 5G Standards Landscape and How It Impacts U.S. Strategy and Policy

USA-Politics:

– Elizabeth Drew, Project-Syndicate: Perhaps the Democratic Party’s downhill slide can be arrested by President Joe Biden and his top congressional allies. But their job is daunting. If objective conditions don’t change – particularly inflation – and if the Republicans field able candidates, the Democrats could be in for a drubbing in the midterm congressional elections in 2022. The presidential vote in 2024 could also be in danger. The surprisingly tight gubernatorial election in Democratic-leaning New Jersey on the same day that the Republicans eked out a victory in Virginia underscored the Democrats’ trouble. Whether or when the $1.2 trillion infrastructure bipartisan bill passed by the House near midnight Friday, November 5, will be enacted can’t be known for a while. – The Democrats’ Debacle

 Altre notizie e approfondimenti su The Global Eye

 

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