mercoledì, Dicembre 1, 2021

Books&Reports

DEMOCRATIZING HARM: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN THE HANDS OF NONSTATE ACTORS

by, Sarah Kreps, Brookings Advances in artificial intelligence (AI) have lowered the barrier to entry for both its constructive and destructive uses. Just a few years ago, only highly resourced states and state-sponsored groups could develop and deploy AI-empowered drones, cyberattacks, or online information operations. Low-cost, commercial off-the-shelf AI means that a range of nonstate actors can increasingly adopt these technologies. Democratizing harm: Artificial intelligence in the hands of nonstate actors  

IMPROVING CONSUMER WELFARE WITH DATA PORTABILITY

by Daniel Castro, Center for Data Innovation  Data protection laws and regulations can contain restrictive provisions, which limit data sharing and use, as well as permissive provisions, which increase it. Data portability is an example of a permissive provision that allows consumers to obtain a digital copy of their personal information from an online service and provide this information to other services. By carefully crafting data portability provisions, policymakers can enable consumers to obtain more value from their data, create new opportunities for businesses to innovate with data, and foster...

2021 ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS BY US-CHINA ECONOMIC AND SECURITY REVIEW COMMISSION

Topics this year include the CCP's ambitions and challenges at its centennial, China’s influence in Latin America and the Caribbean, the CCP's economic and technological ambitions, the Chinese government’s evolving control of the corporate sector, U.S.-China financial connectivity and risks to U.S. national security, China’s nuclear forces, Chinese military capabilities and decision-making for a war over Taiwan, Hong Kong’s government embracing authoritarianism, and a review of economics, trade, security, political, and foreign affairs developments in 2021. 2021 Annual Report to Congress | U.S.- CHINA | ECONOMIC and SECURITY REVIEW COMMISSION...

UNDERSTANDING THE GLOBAL CHIP SHORTAGES

by Julia Hess, Jan-Peter Kleinhans - Stiftung Neue Verantwortung The global chip shortages and the resulting severe spillover damages in many sectors put the spotlight on questions of the health of the semiconductor supply chain. The struggle to cope with skyrocketing demand, natural disasters and lock-downs – all happening concurrently – reveals the supply chains fragility. Governments ask themselves what their role should and could be to strengthen the resilience of this vital supply chain, beyond mulling substantial subsidies to strengthen their domestic chip manufacturing. From talks within the EU-US Trade...

ENSURING EQUAL ACCESS TO EDUCATION IN FUTURE CRISES: FINDINGS OF THE NEW REMOTE LEARNING READINESS INDEX

by Unicef The COVID-19 pandemic has put tremendous pressure on education systems around the world. While schooling and learning were interrupted for hundreds of millions of children worldwide, the pandemic also accelerated the provision of remote learning as a viable solution during emergency events. As school closures are not unique to the COVID-19 outbreak and can take place due to conflicts, disease outbreaks, natural or man-made disasters, strengthening the resilience of the education sector against these negative shocks is critical for human capital gains and inclusive and equitable education for...

HOW THE CHINESE MILITARY IS ADOPTING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Ryan Fedasiuk, Jennifer Melot, Ben Murphy  by CSET  This report examines nearly 350 artificial intelligence-related equipment contracts awarded by the People’s Liberation Army and state-owned defense enterprises in 2020 to assess how the Chinese military is adopting AI. The report identifies China’s key AI defense industry suppliers, highlights gaps in U.S. export control policies, and contextualizes the PLA’s AI investments within China’s broader strategy to compete militarily with the United States. Harnessed Lightning - Center for Security and Emerging Technology

NORTH AFRICA 2030: WHAT THE FUTURE HOLDS FOR THE REGION

by Frederick Kempe, Giampiero Massolo, Yahia Zoubir, Abdelkader Abderrahmane, Pietro Gagliardi, Guillaume Biganzoli, Aldo Liga, Nader Kabbani, Nejla Ben Mimoune, Hannah Abdullah, Karim Elgendy, Shlomo Roiter Jesner, Jay Mens, Armando Sanguini, Karim Mezran, and Alissa Pavia Atlantic Council  In the last decade, several events redefined North Africa’s heterogeneous character and identity. This year marks the tenth anniversary of the beginning of the Arab spring, but most of the root causes fueling the unrest remain unaddressed. The region is undergoing a delicate phase in its political, social, and economic life, and the COVID-19...

FINDING THE RIGHT ROLE FOR NATO IN ADDRESSING CHINA AND CLIMATE CHANGE

by Agneska Bloch and James Goldgeier, Brookings The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has evolved considerably since the end of the Cold War — taking on emerging threats like transnational terrorism and piracy, and venturing into new arenas such as cybersecurity and space. Today, two new issues are rising fast on NATO’s agenda, despite neither fitting comfortably into the mission of an alliance founded to address a direct military threat to Europe: China and climate change. Finding the right role for NATO in addressing China and climate change (brookings.edu)

ILO MONITOR: COVID-19 AND THE WORLD OF WORK. 8TH EDITION

BY INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION The report gives a global overview of how countries are grappling with the recovery, eighteen months into the crisis. Based on new data, it provides a detailed picture of the different recovery trends between developed and developing countries. It also analyzes the impact of vaccination rates on labour market by region, and the distortions the COVID-19 crisis is having on productivity and enterprises. COVID-19 Pandemic in the World of Work: ILO Monitor: COVID-19 and the world of work. 8th edition

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