martedì, Settembre 28, 2021

Books&Reports

ALIGNING COVID-19 RECOVERY EFFORTS WITH THE SDGS – TOOLBOX AND PRINCIPLES

by G20 Italia 2021 COVID-19 has complicated plans to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. As we are witnessing a proliferation of recovery initiatives by governments and international financial institutions, we need to ensure that additional resources align with larger environmental and sustainability goals. Cities and local authorities have a key role to play, as they have a unique capacity to implement and monitor sustainable policies at the local level with immediate feedback loops. For this reason, policy-makers must be equipped with tools that allow them to assess...

YEMEN: ENDLESS SUFFERING OF CHILDREN AFTER 7 YEARS OF BRUTAL ARMED CONFLICT & MASSIVE HUMANITARIAN CRISIS

Report of the UN Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict in Yemen More than 3,500 children were victims of one or more grave violations in Yemen between 1 January 2019 and 31 December 2020, highlights the third report of the UN Secretary-General on Children and Armed conflict in Yemen. The denial of humanitarian access, killing and maiming, and the recruitment and use of children were the most prevalent of the 8,526 grave violations against children. The staggering rise in incidents of denial of humanitarian access to children in the country (4,881) during...

CYBER DEFENSE ACROSS THE OCEAN FLOOR: THE GEOPOLITICS OF SUBMARINE CABLE SECURITY

by Atlantic Council The vast majority of intercontinental global Internet traffic—upwards of 95 percent—travels over undersea cables that run across the ocean floor. These hundreds of cables, owned by combinations of private and state-owned entities, support everything from consumer shopping to government document sharing to scientific research on the Internet. The security and resilience of undersea cables and the data and services that move across them are an often understudied and underappreciated element of modern Internet geopolitics. The construction of new submarine cables is a key part of the constantly...

GATHERING STRENGTH, GATHERING STORMS: THE ONE HUNDRED YEAR STUDY ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI100) 2021 STUDY PANEL REPORT

by Stanford University In the five years since we released the first AI100 report, much has been written about the state of artificial intelligence and its influences on society. Nonetheless, AI100 remains unique in its combination of two key features. First, it is written by a Study Panel of core multi-disciplinary researchers in the field—experts who create artificial intelligence algorithms or study their influence on society as their main professional activity, and who have been doing so for many years. The authors are firmly rooted within the field of AI...

GETTING FROM COMMITMENT TO CONTENT IN AI AND DATA ETHICS: JUSTICE AND EXPLAINABILITY

There is widespread awareness among researchers, companies, policy makers, and the public that the use of artificial intelligence (AI) and big data analytics often raises ethical challenges involving such things as justice, fairness, privacy, autonomy, transparency, and accountability. Organizations are increasingly expected to address these issues. However, they are asked to do so in the absence of robust regulatory guidance. Furthermore, social and ethical expectations exceed legal standards, and they will continue to do so because the rate of technological innovation and adoption outpaces that of regulatory and policy...

OBIETTIVI DI SVILUPPO SOSTENIBILE

Nel 2015, tutti i membri delle Nazioni Unite hanno adottato un'agenda ambiziosa nota come Obiettivi di sviluppo sostenibile (SDG). L'agenda consiste in 17 obiettivi di sviluppo da raggiungere entro il 2030. Questo rapporto esamina come le agenzie governative dei donatori includano gli SDG nella cooperazione internazionale allo sviluppo. Un report di Brookings: Donor engagement with Agenda 2030: How government agencies encompass the Sustainable Development Goals

CINA, CYBERAI E COMPETIZIONE GLOBALE

Gli investimenti in sicurezza artificiale costituiscono un punto fondamentale per la competitività dei sistemi Paese. Le 11 scuole di sicurezza informatica di livello mondiale della Cina offrono più lezioni sull'intelligenza artificiale e sull'apprendimento automatico rispetto alle 20 università statunitensi certificate come centri di eccellenza accademica nelle operazioni informatiche. Qui un policy brief del think tank CSET a cura di Dakota Cary: China's CyberAI Talent Pipeline

UK E POLITICHE DELL’INNOVAZIONE

A new paper by Policy Exchange’s Head of Industrial Strategy, Sir Geoffrey Owen, sets out how the U.K. can pursue a new direction in innovation policy: New directions in innovation policy | Policy Exchange

RUSSIA E INTERNET

L'atteggiamento del governo russo su Internet non ha solo conseguenze interne ma presenta anche rilevanti aspetti geostrategici.   Ne parla un report di Atlantic Council, a cura di Justin Sherman -  Reassessing RuNet: Russian internet isolation and implications for Russian cyber behavior - Atlantic Council

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