lunedì, Maggio 16, 2022

Books&Reports

RELAZIONE 2021 SULLA POLITICA DELL’INFORMAZIONE PER LA SICUREZZA

In un mondo come l'attuale, nel quale la pandemia, le disuguaglianze, i conflitti e le crisi sono all'ordine del giorno, è fondamentale avere una bussola che adotti il metro della complessità e della sistematicità. Mosaico di grande interesse non solo per gli analisti strategici e d'intelligence, la relazione 2021 sulla Politica dell'Informazione per la Sicurezza è uno strumento assai pertinente di informazione per la conoscenza e per la decisione. E' uno strumento necessario sia per le istituzioni che per il mondo delle aziende private. Leggerlo è fondamentale per avere...

THE SCIENCE OF WHERE: MAPPARE LA COMPLESSITÀ TERRITORIALE

La proposta di questo libro, scritto da persone con grande esperienza di amministrazione pubblica, nasce dalla centralità di un approccio geografico per comprendere, e cercare di governare, i problemi complessi e interrelati che riguardano le nostre comunità umane. Scrive Christopher Thomas (Can Mapping Help Mend Social Divides?, Esri): In their book, Goldsmith and Coleman point to examples across the US where a possible fix to a problem became evident through geographic awareness and collaboration among interested parties. In all cases, the focus was on the people needing to be served and...

WORLD INEQUALITY REPORT 2022

We live in a data-abundant world and yet we lack basic information about inequality. Economic growth numbers are published every year by governments across the globe, but they do not tell us about how growth is distributed across the population – about who gains and who loses from economic policies. Accessing such data is critical for democracy. Beyond income and wealth, it is also critical to improve our collective capability to measure and monitor other dimensions of socio economic disparities, including gender and environmental inequalities. Open-access, transparent, reliable inequality...

DEMOCRATIZING HARM: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN THE HANDS OF NONSTATE ACTORS

by, Sarah Kreps, Brookings Advances in artificial intelligence (AI) have lowered the barrier to entry for both its constructive and destructive uses. Just a few years ago, only highly resourced states and state-sponsored groups could develop and deploy AI-empowered drones, cyberattacks, or online information operations. Low-cost, commercial off-the-shelf AI means that a range of nonstate actors can increasingly adopt these technologies. Democratizing harm: Artificial intelligence in the hands of nonstate actors  

IMPROVING CONSUMER WELFARE WITH DATA PORTABILITY

by Daniel Castro, Center for Data Innovation  Data protection laws and regulations can contain restrictive provisions, which limit data sharing and use, as well as permissive provisions, which increase it. Data portability is an example of a permissive provision that allows consumers to obtain a digital copy of their personal information from an online service and provide this information to other services. By carefully crafting data portability provisions, policymakers can enable consumers to obtain more value from their data, create new opportunities for businesses to innovate with data, and foster...

2021 ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS BY US-CHINA ECONOMIC AND SECURITY REVIEW COMMISSION

Topics this year include the CCP's ambitions and challenges at its centennial, China’s influence in Latin America and the Caribbean, the CCP's economic and technological ambitions, the Chinese government’s evolving control of the corporate sector, U.S.-China financial connectivity and risks to U.S. national security, China’s nuclear forces, Chinese military capabilities and decision-making for a war over Taiwan, Hong Kong’s government embracing authoritarianism, and a review of economics, trade, security, political, and foreign affairs developments in 2021. 2021 Annual Report to Congress | U.S.- CHINA | ECONOMIC and SECURITY REVIEW COMMISSION...

UNDERSTANDING THE GLOBAL CHIP SHORTAGES

by Julia Hess, Jan-Peter Kleinhans - Stiftung Neue Verantwortung The global chip shortages and the resulting severe spillover damages in many sectors put the spotlight on questions of the health of the semiconductor supply chain. The struggle to cope with skyrocketing demand, natural disasters and lock-downs – all happening concurrently – reveals the supply chains fragility. Governments ask themselves what their role should and could be to strengthen the resilience of this vital supply chain, beyond mulling substantial subsidies to strengthen their domestic chip manufacturing. From talks within the EU-US Trade...

ENSURING EQUAL ACCESS TO EDUCATION IN FUTURE CRISES: FINDINGS OF THE NEW REMOTE LEARNING READINESS INDEX

by Unicef The COVID-19 pandemic has put tremendous pressure on education systems around the world. While schooling and learning were interrupted for hundreds of millions of children worldwide, the pandemic also accelerated the provision of remote learning as a viable solution during emergency events. As school closures are not unique to the COVID-19 outbreak and can take place due to conflicts, disease outbreaks, natural or man-made disasters, strengthening the resilience of the education sector against these negative shocks is critical for human capital gains and inclusive and equitable education for...

HOW THE CHINESE MILITARY IS ADOPTING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Ryan Fedasiuk, Jennifer Melot, Ben Murphy  by CSET  This report examines nearly 350 artificial intelligence-related equipment contracts awarded by the People’s Liberation Army and state-owned defense enterprises in 2020 to assess how the Chinese military is adopting AI. The report identifies China’s key AI defense industry suppliers, highlights gaps in U.S. export control policies, and contextualizes the PLA’s AI investments within China’s broader strategy to compete militarily with the United States. Harnessed Lightning - Center for Security and Emerging Technology

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