venerdì, Giugno 21, 2024


Diario geostrategico,  11 novembre 2021

Buona lettura ! 


The Science of Where Magazine’s interviews:

– The road to the “new normal” and the role of the G20. The Science of Where meets Priyadarshi Dash. Associate Professor at Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi, he has 14 years of experience in policy research on trade, investment, infrastructure and fintech issues in the context of G20, IORA, BIMSTEC and Indo-Pacific

– Governo dei dati tra geopolitica e tutela del cittadino. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Ivana Bartoletti, Global Chief Privacy Officer a WIPRO Technologies e Visiting Policy Fellow presso l’ Università di Oxford

– Tecnologia e responsabilità: uno snodo decisivo. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Federico Cabitza, Università di Milano-Bicocca

– Inside the ethics of artificial intelligence: for a decentralized approach. The Science of Where Magazine meets James Brusseau, Philosopher, Pace University

– L’intelligenza artificiale contro le discriminazioni sul lavoro. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Keith Sonderling, Commissioner del U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

– Per Italia e Germania, il futuro è nelle nuove tecnologie. Intervista esclusiva con l’Ambasciatore d’Italia a Berlino, Armando Varricchio

– Gathering strenght, gathering storms. Visions on artificial intelligence. The Science of Where Magazine meets Michael Littman and Peter Stone

 Today’s Choice:

– Samar Fatima, Gregory S. Dawson, Kevin C. Desouza, James S. Denford, Brookings: In the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic (June 2020),

LinkedIn released a report showing that the demand for AI skills had cooled down—but by October 2020, demand had already come roaring back. This is not surprising: according to the 2020 RELX Emerging Tech Executive Report, AI adoption soared during the pandemic, and a staggering 68% of companies increased their AI investment during the year. Further, 81% of companies now report using AI technologies, up 33 percentage points since 2018. – The people dilemma: How human capital is driving or constraining the achievement of national AI strategies


– Mike Edwards, Zak Kallenborn, Defense One: The rapid fall of the Afghan government left a national-security and humanitarian mess. Thousands of American citizens and green-card holders were left stranded. Interpreters and translators who risked their lives to support American security were left behind. Much depends on getting these people to safety, including the Pentagon’s future ability to get help from local populations abroad. What is more, these individuals’ connections and relationships may be the key to any long-term influence the United States may hold in Afghanistan, and countering a resurgent Islamic State. Private groups have launched efforts to help them escape the Taliban, but these noble efforts aren’t enough. The U.S. government and broader civil society have a national security obligation to do more – Thousands of Afghan Refugees Await Rescue. Here’s What the US Needs to Do

Australia-Indo Pacific:

– Jacqueline Feldscher, Defense One: Australia’s participation in the new AUKUS security partnership is part of a broader increased focus on defense, the country’s ambassador to America said Tuesday. Ambassador Arthur Sinodinos said Australia is increasing its defense spending to 2.5 percent of GDP to be prepared to play a greater role in security in the Indo-Pacific amid a growing threat from China. – Australia Seeks ‘More Proactive’ Role In Indo-Pacific

Canada-Ontario-Artificial Intelligence:

– Vector Institute-Deloitte: Vector Institute’s latest report on the state of the Ontario AI ecosystem — Ontario AI Snapshot — finds that despite the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the province is creating more AI jobs than ever while the  pipeline of AI talent continues to expand. – Ontario AI Snapshot: The state of the province’s AI ecosystem in 2020-21


– Xu Keyve, Global Times: The Chinese Foreign Ministry on Wednesday urged the Australian government to listen to objective and rational voices at home on improving bilateral relations, in response to former Australian prime minister Paul Keating’s criticism of Morrison administration’s anti-China policy. – Chinese FM says Morrison should heed Keating’s advice on China policy


– Global Times: Some people say that gaining access to the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) will be a major test for China, but vice versa, accepting China will also be a significant test for the CPTPP as to whether the free trade treaty could cover a colossal consumption market. – GT Voice: China’s accession is a crucial test for CPTPP development

China-Jack Ma-Agriculture:

– Lianhe Zaobao, Think China: Alibaba founder Jack Ma seems set to add “agricultural tycoon” to his list of titles, going by his latest moves to break into the agriculture industry. And he is not the only tech giant in town attempting to use big data and technology to increase agricultural yields. For China, this is a good move that would add to its food security, a priority laid out in its 14th Five-Year Plan. Zaobao’s China Desk looks at Chinese agriculture’s investment potential. – Jack Ma an agriculture tsar?


– Global Times: China is willing to further deepen all-round cooperation including trade with Pakistan to enrich the content of the China-Pakistan all-weather strategic cooperative partnership and bring greater benefits for people from both countries, the Chinese Foreign Ministry said on Wednesday. – China willing to further deepen all-round cooperation with Pakistan: Foreign Ministry


– Yu Zeyuan, Think China: At the sixth plenary session of the 19th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee which begins today, the CPC is expected to consider the “Resolution of the CPC Central Committee on the Major Achievements of the Party’s Centennial Struggle”, the third of its kind in the party’s history. Rather than dwelling on the errors or lessons of history, the resolution is expected to reaffirm the party’s achievements and point the way ahead for the next 30 years. – Uniting China under Xi Jinping to build a modern socialist country: CPC to pass new ‘historical resolution’ at sixth plenum


– Loro Horta, Think China: Even though several analyses have it that the China-Russia relationship is filled with underlying tensions and can break without warning, Loro Horta believes that the alliance they have can stand the test of time, given a mutual dependency for resources as well as common geopolitical interests and threat perceptions. Instead of warning Russia about China, Washington may want to worry more about the state of its own alliances. – China’s alliance with Russia is solidifying


– Carlo Ratti, Project-Syndicate: Melbourne is not the most distinctive of Australia’s cities. It does not have Sydney’s sandy beaches or Brisbane’s rugged, “Crocodile Dundee” appeal. Lying on a flat plain, crossed by a meandering river, it is an urban agglomeration of some 10,000 square kilometers (3,681 square miles) – six times the size of London and 12 times the size of New York City – consisting of a dense urban core surrounded by sprawling suburbs – How Melbourne Rescheduled its Future

Digital Transformation-Emerging and Disruptive Technology:

– Derek E. Bambauer and Michael Risch, Brookings: Imagine that you’re applying for a bank loan to finance the purchase of a new car, which you need badly. After you provide your information, the bank gives you a choice: Your application can be routed to an employee in the lending department for evaluation, or it can be processed by a computer algorithm that will determine your creditworthiness. It’s your decision. Do you pick Door Number One (human employee) or Door Number Two (software algorithm)? – When do consumers prefer algorithmic versus human decisionmakers?

Ecological Transition:

– Jeffrey Ball, Brookings: Twelve winters ago, as a Wall Street Journal reporter, I spent two dark weeks in Copenhagen covering a round of global-warming negotiations billed as existentially important to the planet. The 2009 Copenhagen climate talks sought to lock down commitments by industrialized countries to bankroll a clean-energy transformation in developing ones. The summit ended as a dud — more chest-thumping by partisans on all sides of the decarbonization debate than an attempt to build a coalition for an environmental transformation. – Infrastructure in the developing world is a planetary furnace. Here’s how to cool it

– Jim O’Neill, Project-Syndicate: With all eyes on the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow this month, there has been ample media coverage of youth protests, high-level diplomacy, and new agreements to reduce methane and protect the world’s forests. But no task is more important than making decarbonization compatible with efforts to foster economic development in neglected parts of the world. If developing economies – and lower-income people in developed economies – are not brought along, global climate targets will remain out of reach. – How to Make Decarbonization Economically Sustainable


– Simplice A. Asongu, Project-Syndicate: An unprecedented Africa-France summit took place at the beginning of October in Montpellier, France. For the first time since these summits began in 1973, no African heads of state were invited. Instead, French President Emmanuel Macron held discussions with students, entrepreneurs, artists, and athletes. The purpose of the gathering was to find ways to “rebuild” the relationship between France and Africa, especially in light of growing anti-French sentiment in many Francophone countries across the continent. – Will France Derail West Africa’s Common Currency?

Germany Taiwan:

– Thorsten Benner, Think China: Director of the Global Public Policy Institute (GPPi) in Berlin, Thorsten Benner, thinks that the new German government should courageously invest in relations with Taiwan out of economic and political self-interest. If it can lead the EU in doing so, then Germany and Europe can actively contribute to non-military deterrence in order to help preserve the status quo in cross-strait relations. – How Germany can help ensure peace in the Taiwan Strait

Nord Stream 2-Germany-Ukraine:

– Olga Bielkova, Atlantic Council: Ukraine is resolutely opposed to any energy infrastructure projects that threaten the country’s national security, attempt to sidestep EU regulations, or undermine Europe’s energy architecture. Having learned that Nord Stream 2 AG had applied for certification with the German energy regulator Bundesnetzagentur (BNetzA), Ukraine’s gas transmission system operator, GTSOU, had no choice but to request that the risks to Ukrainian security be taken into account. – Nord Stream 2: Germany must listen to Ukrainian security concerns


– Usman Ansari, Defense News: Pakistan on Monday commissioned the first of four Type 054A/P frigates during a ceremony at the Hudong Zhonghua Shipbuilding yard in Shanghai, China. Named Tughril, the frigate and its sister ships are the most powerful surface vessels planned under Pakistan’s naval modernization program, meant to redress a conventional imbalance with India. – Pakistan receives new Chinese-made frigate. How will it fare against India’s Navy?

Romania-USA-Black Sea:

– Joe Gould, Defense NewsRomania’s foreign minister said Tuesday he asked U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken in person to consider boosting the U.S. troop presence on the Black Sea to address flaring tensions with Russia. “We have discussed about the importance of increasing the U.S. presence in the region and in Romania,” H.E. Bogdan Aurescu said at an Atlantic Council event a day after the meeting ― which also focused on economic and energy cooperation in the region. – Romanian official pitched Blinken on Black Sea troop boost


– TASS: Russia needs to compile its various ideas for cooperation with Africa into a single comprehensive and publicly available strategy to achieve more success, according to a Foreign Ministry-sponsored report by the Higher School of Economics that was released to TASS on Wednesday. – Russia could act as security provider, sell railroad equipment in Africa — report


– Pavel Luzin, The Jamestown Foundation: The global race for hypersonic weapons, or at least for technologies to reach hypersonic velocity, undoubtedly goes on. Russia is paying close attention to the research, development and testing of hypersonic missiles in the United States (TASS, September 27, 2021), China (RIA Novosti, October 21, 2021), Japan (RT, March 15, 2020) and others, while itself attempting to become a major player in this field. Moscow officially completed the tests of the scramjet-driven 3M22 Tsirkon hypersonic anti-ship missile (, October 4). The first production missiles of this type are contracted for 2022 (Interfax, August 24). At the same time, Russia increased the number of Avangard nuclear-armed gliders deployed on the Soviet-era UR-100NUTTH intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM), also classified as the RS-18A or SS-19 Mod 4. Two Avangard gliders had been built in early 2020, and an estimated four existed as of early 2021 (TASS, December 17, 2020; Moskovsky Komsomolets, February 5, 2021); additional units can be expected to roll off the factory floor soon (Zvezda, August 10). However, Russia’s hypersonic weapons should be considered part of asymmetric and even psychological warfare rather than weapons of ultimate military dominance. – Russia’s Race for Hypersonic Weapons


– Paul Globe, Jamestown Foundation: On the eve of this year’s Day of National Unity, on November 4, ethnic Russians and migrant workers clashed in a Moscow neighborhood, leading to a media circus in which Margarita Simonyan of RT denounced “persons of Caucasus nationality” for attacking Russians. Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov condemned her for using that highly offensive term and for ignoring the fact that all those involved were Russian citizens. The Kremlin later argued that, in reality, the violence had nothing to do with ethnic differences (Novaya GazetaDaily Storm, November 6; Moskovsky Komsomolets, November 7; Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 8). President Vladimir Putin’s regime quickly orchestrated a rapprochement between Simonyan and Kadyrov and threw a blanket of silence over the events, leading many to conclude that the situation was a one-off event and not part of a more serious trend. But there are compelling reasons to think that any such conclusion is wrong. – Ethnic Russians in Moscow Forming Self-Defense Units Against Non-Russian Migrants


– Aslan Doukaev, The Jamestown Foundation: Like any other relationship, the partnership between Turkey and Russia has had its ups and downs, twists and turns. The downing by Turkey, in November 2015, of a Russian Sukhoi military jet predictably led to a cooling in relations (see EDM, December 3, 2015). Since then, the two countries have made a sustained effort to limit the damage (see EDM, June 30, 2016), with their leaders meeting regularly to discuss issues of mutual interest. Two recent events, however, may strain those ties once again. – Chechen Strongman Drives New Wedge Between Russia and Turkey


– Sebastian Sprenger, Defense News: Spain has no interest in the American F-35 fighter jet and is solely committed to the Future Combat Air System that it is pursuing with France and Germany, a defense spokeswoman told Reuters. The statement comes after Spanish officials at a defense exhibition in Madrid last week said the Lockheed Martin-made plane was a least a theoretical contender for the Spanish Navy and, if the sea service were to select it, the Air Force. – Spain’s Defence Ministry denies interest in F-35


– Global Times: In response to a series of questions regarding US senators’ visit to Taiwan and speculations that a potential war across the Taiwan Straits may break out amid escalating tensions, the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council on Wednesday said Chinese mainland is willing to strive for the prospect of a peaceful reunification with the utmost sincerity and efforts, but will not leave any room for any form of Taiwan secessionist activities. – Mainland to strive for peaceful reunification with sincerity, but leaves no room for secessionist activities: Taiwan Affairs Office

– Liu Chin-tsai, Think China: Liu Chin-tsai notes that cross-strait relations are getting more volatile, with calls for armed reunification getting louder. He suggests that the crux of the matter lies in the DPP not acknowledging the 1992 Consensus, which is seen by mainland China as the “magic fulcrum” offering a structural framework and stability for cross-straits talks to take place. However, is it too late for the DPP to adjust its rhetoric and get cross-strait relations back on track? – How the 1992 Consensus could save cross-strait relations

Ukraine Politics:

– Andriy Yermak, Atlantic Council: The US-Ukraine Strategic Partnership Commission meets on November 9-10 in Washington. Established during the meeting of presidents Biden and Zelenskyy in September 2021, the Commission will ensure the bilateral US-Ukrainian relationship remains strong and that the US continues to support Ukraine as it works to fulfill its reform promise. One item that will not formally be a focus during this week’s meeting, but which is of critical joint US-Ukrainian interest, is President Zelenskyy’s de-oligarchization agenda. Broad-based reform efforts will only be successful in Ukraine if they are accompanied by a comprehensive de-oligarchization drive. – De-oligarchization of Ukraine is President Zelenskyy’s top priority


– Anders Aslund, Atlantic Council: Ukraine is at war with Russia. Unlike the more conventional conflicts of previous centuries, this hybrid war cannot be understood via flags on maps or the study of troop movements alone. Instead, it involves informational, economic, cyber, and infrastructure elements that are every bit as important as outcomes on the battlefield. Gas has long been one of the key fronts in this war. In recent days, Russia has extended the battle front to include electricity. Ukraine is usually a net exporter of electricity, but finds itself in a tight situation. It needs to import more coal or electricity. The Kremlin has prohibited not only Russian but also Belarusian export of electricity, since it is based on Russian fuel. Moscow is even blocking Kazakh exports of coal to Ukraine via the Russian railway network. – Disarming Putin’s energy weapon: Ukraine must connect to EU grid


– Dani Rodrik, Project-Syndicate: US President Joe Biden’s economic and foreign policies may represent a sharp departure from those of his predecessor, Donald Trump. But when it comes to relations with China, Biden has largely maintained Trump’s tough line – refusing, for example, to reverse Trump’s tariff hikes on Chinese exports and warning of further punitive trade measures. – The Resistible Rise of US-China Conflict

USA-Cyber Security:

– Mariam Baksh, Nextgov: The U.S. Court of Appeals’ ninth circuit rejected Israel-based NSO Group’s claim of immunity as a foreign sovereign, allowing a lawsuit brought by Facebook—and supported by press freedom and human rights groups—to move forward. “The panel held that the Foreign Sovereign Immunity Act occupies the field of foreign sovereign immunity and categorically forecloses extending immunity to any entity that falls outside the Act’s broad definition of ‘foreign state,’” reads the ruling the court issued Monday. “The panel rejected [the] defendant’s argument that it could claim foreign sovereign immunity under common-law immunity doctrines that apply to foreign officials.” – Facebook Can Sue Israel’s NSO Group, Appeals Court Says


– Marcus Weisgerber, Defense One: Air Force-backed startup Hermeus rolled out a hypersonic aircraft prototype, firing the drone’s afterburning engine during a ceremony at an Atlanta airport. – Air Force-Backed Startup Reveals Hypersonic Aircraft Prototype

– Jen Judson, Defense News: Since Lt. Gen. L. Neil Thurgood took over the U.S. Army’s Rapid Capabilities and Critical Technologies Office, he’s overseen the Pentagon’s attempt to build the U.S. hypersonic weapons industrial base, begun fielding hypersonic launchers and other equipment to the first unit to receive the capability and has started building out the first battery of a laser-weapon equipped Stryker combat vehicle. The RCCTO’s job is to rapidly bring high-end technology into the force. Thurgood has been tasked with breaking free of the normally sluggish acquisition process and moving critical modernization capabilities toward or across the finish line. – US Army’s hypersonic supervisor talks tech portfolio

USA-Digital Transformation- Emerging and Disruptive Technology:

– Ian Tien, Nextgov: Modern application development is supposed to be about agility and speed. So why do so many government IT teams feel so bogged down? The truth is that the promise of application development is different from the day-to-day reality. DevOps-powered application development promises fast, economical app development, with solutions speeding their way toward users. But in fact, application development is often time-consuming and costly. This is due, in part, to challenges around aligning DevOps, IT and security teams, as well as mission owners, so they work in concert to achieve the desired results. These challenges are only exacerbated by the volume of tools these teams have at their disposal. – Follow These 3 Ts for Faster, More Effective Application Development

– Alexandra Kelley, Nextgov: The Department of Homeland Security is looking for feedback on new applications of artificial intelligence and facial recognition that the American public could encounter. Kathleen Deloughery, a DHS Science and Technology Directorate program manager, told Nextgov that an Information Collection Request issued last week is part of a larger portfolio to gauge technology acceptance and adoption within national security. – DHS Researching Public Perception of Facial Recognition and AI Use


– Gabriel R. Sanchez, Robert Maxim, and Raymond Foxworth, Brookings: Friday’s jobs report was an optimistic signal after a string of disappointing reports the past few months. As the worst effect of the delta variant waned, hiring picked up—albeit

not across every demographic group. However, one group was conspicuously missing from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) jobs report, as they are every month: Native Americans. – The monthly jobs report ignores Native Americans. How are they faring economically?

USA-Semiconductor-Supply Chain:

– Frank Konkel, Nextgov: The Information Technology Industry Council, which represents dozens of global tech firms, issued several recommendations to the Commerce Department following the agency’s September call to industry for ideas regarding risks to the semiconductor supply chain. – Tech Association Pushes Long-Term Approach to Semiconductor Shortage


– Nathan Strout, Defense News: U.S. communications firm Viasat is set to acquire British satellite comms company Inmarsat for $7.3 billion, the American business announced Nov. 8. “This is a transformative combination that advances our common ambitions to connect the world,” Viasat Executive Chairman Mark Dankberg said. “Inmarsat’s dual-band global mobile network, unique L-band resources, skills and capabilities in the U.K. and excellent technical and operational talent worldwide, are powerful complements to Viasat’s business.” – US company Viasat to acquire Britain’s Inmarsat in $7.3 billion deal

Altre notizie e approfondimenti su The Global Eye


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