mercoledì, Agosto 10, 2022

SGUARDI SULLA MOBILITA’ URBANA

FOCUS

Nel guardare alla mobilità sostenibile nelle nostre città, Carlo Ratti (la Repubblica, 24 maggio 2022, Uniti contro l’anarchia) propone una riflessione interessante.

Scrive Ratti: Un annuncio inaspettato a New York: Uber, il noto servizio di prenotazione di auto con conducente, ha siglato un accordo con i tassisti. Dopo un decennio di battaglie legali e aspri scontri in tutto il mondo – anche in Italia, dove la App statunitense è ormai bandita in molte città – gli utenti della Grande Mela potrannno scegliere indifferentemente una macchina Uber nera o un classico taxi giallo.

Il Senseable City Lab al MIT di Boston, diretto da Carlo Ratti, ha svolto una ricerca pubblicata su Nature Scientific Report che dimostra che il coordinamento tra diversi servizi  di mobilità urbana – proprio quello che propone oggi la app di Uber – può portare grandi vantaggi alle città, andando a ridurre il traffico e a diminuire le emissioni inquinanti. Occorre partire dalla considerazione, ben sottolineata dall’Autore, che le nostre città pagano quello che, in economia e nella teoria dei giochi, si chiama “il prezzo dell’anarchia”: un meccanismo secondo il quale diversi attori che inseguono il proprio interesse riducono l’efficienza complessiva del sistema.

Carlo Ratti immagina una partnership pubblico-privata strategica. Scrive: Oggi spetta ai governi cittadini guidare aziende come Uber verso nuovi modelli, improntati alla sostenibilità (le iniziative della Open Mobility Foundation vanno nella giusta direzione). Imporre un coordinamento tra i vari servizi di mobilità urbana potrebbe rischiare di ridurre la concorrenza e il libero mercato ? In alcuni casi è vero che il prezzo dell’anarchiapuò essere calmierato tramite un approccio pianificato, dall’alto. Tuttavia, un migliore accesso alle informazioni su una piattaforma digitale unica porterebbe sia a un aumento della concorrenza, sia a un migliore impatto sociale. I passeggeri potrebbero confrontare tempi di attesa dei veicoli, prezzi ed emissioni inquinanti. Un incentivo a selezionare il veicolo più vicino potrebbe venire dall’introduzione di una tassa sul “deadheading” quando i veicoli viaggiano senza passeggeri tra una corsa e l’altra. Anche i singoli autisti  – di taxi, di Uber o di altre compagnie – ne beneficerebbero: essi potrebbero passare più facilmente da un’azienda all’altra. Invece di essere costretti a lavorare per chi è più forte, potrebbero scegliere chi li tratta meglio. La recente mossa di Uber a New York va quindi nella direzione giusta. Dobbiamo augurarci che sia solo il primo passo di un’azione più ampia, che porti le amministrazioni locali a promuovere piattaforme digitali integrate per il trasporto urbano. Quando si tratta di qualcosa di così fondamentale come la mobilità, le città non devono e non possono permettersi di pagare il prezzo dell’anarchia.

Dunque, rispetto alla mobilità nel tempo della rivoluzione digitale, occorre: re-immaginare il ruolo delle Istituzioni pubbliche; considerare la sostenibilità delle città come un qualcosa che va realizzato attraverso passi concreti e sostanziali; guardare con realismo alle soluzioni tecnologiche che possano rendere i “dove” delle nostre vite dei luoghi più vivibili e governati politicamente secondo paradigmi nuovi per nuovi futuri.

FROM THINK TANKS

DIGITAL & TECH

  • May 25, 2022. By HRW. Governments of 49 of the world’s most populous countries harmed children’s rights by endorsing online learning products during Covid-19 school closures without adequately protecting children’s privacy, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. The report was released simultaneously with publications by media organizations around the world that had early access to the Human Rights Watch findings and engaged in an independent collaborative investigation. Governments Harm Children’s Rights in Online Learning
  • May 24, 2022. By Jo Ann Barefoot, Brookings. “Data is the new oil.” Originally coined in 2006 by the British mathematician Clive Humby, this phrase is arguably more apt today than it was then, as smartphones rival automobiles for relevance and the technology giants know more about us than we would like to admit. The case for placing AI at the heart of digitally robust financial regulation

AROUND THE WORLD

China

  • May 25, 2022. By Global Times. China has progressed in transitioning toward a greener economy, influential voices in global energy field said on Tuesday during the ongoing World Economic Forum (WEF). And, energy supply issues serve as a wake-up call for all governments to ramp up new energy development and ensure energy security, experts said. China moves ambitiously toward sustainable energy
  • May 25, 2022. By Global Times. With China’s opening-up policy, continuous optimization of the business environment for foreign companies, and strong economic resilience, it will remain a hot place for investment, said global experts at the World Economic Forum (WEF) 2022 in Davos, expressing confidence in China’s economic outlook. China to remain top investment target: experts at WEF
  • May 25, 2022. By Global Times. The State Council, China’s cabinet, on Wednesday unveiled guidelines to revitalize existing infrastructure assets while expand effective investment, in a fresh push to revive the world’s second-largest economy amid multiple domestic and global complexities. Guidelines aim to revitalize existing infrastructure

China – India

China – Indonesia

  • May 25, 2022. By Global Times. China firmly supports Indonesia in hosting a successful Bali Summit, eliminating distractions to achieve the established agenda and goals, and leading the Group of Twenty (G20) in the right direction, Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi said during a phone call with Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi at the latter’s request on Wednesday. China supports Indonesia in eliminating distractions at G20, FM tells counterpart

China – South Pacific Island Countries

  • May 25, 2022. By Yang Sheng and Liu Caiyu, Global Times. As China and South Pacific island countries are going to strengthen their cooperation to better serve local people’s demand for development, some voices from the West or Western media have started to distort the cooperation and hype the fear of a new “Cold War.” Chinese experts said the US and Australia always see the island countries as their puppets. So when China help them to become  independent and prosperous, the West will definitely feel anxious. China to provide South Pacific countries ‘what US, Australia failed to offer’

Egypt

  • May 25, 2022. By Azza Guergues, Al-Monitor. Egypt will list 10 of its largest state-owned and military-owned companies on the stock exchange by the end of this year, and several other assets will be sold over the next four years in order to attract foreign investors and also alleviate the current economic hardships. Egypt to sell state-owned firms amid economic crisis

Korean Peninsula – Quad

  • May 25, 2022. By Zhang Han and Wan Hengyi, Global Times. The US and South Korea jointly fired two missiles on Wednesday in response to North Korea’s reported launch of three missiles, marking a further escalation of the Korean Peninsula situation as US President Joe Biden concluded his Asia trip to enhance an alliance with South Korea and Japan.  Tensions escalate in Korean Peninsula as QUAD summit shakes Asian stability

Libya

  • May 25, 2022. By The Libya Observer. The head of the Presidential Council (PC), Muhammad Menfi, has praised the Public Prosecution for its efforts in dealing with the cases assigned to it, reaffirming the council’s support for the judiciary in carrying out its work to the fullest. Menfi reviews work of Public Prosecution
  • May 25, 2022. By The Libya Observer. Representatives from the Audit Bureau, the Central Bank of Libya (CBL), the National Oil Corporation (NOC), and the Ministries of Finance and Planning have discussed mechanisms for implementing the extraordinary budget of the NOC. GNU discusses implementing the budget of NOC

Libya – Morocco

Libya – Pakistan

Libya – Qatar 

  • May 25, 2022. By The Libya Observer. The President of the General Federation of Chambers of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture, Mohammed Al-Raaed, has met with Qatari Ambassador to Libya, Khaled Al-Dusari, in the presence of the Secretary-General of the Council of Ministers and Head of the International Cooperation Department at the Ministry of Economy and Trade. Libya, Qatar discuss economic cooperation

Mexico

  • May 24, 2022. By Arturo Sarukhan, Brookings. In a calamitous few months for Mexico’s diplomatic footprint and reputation in Washington, Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador declared that he will boycott this year’s ninth Summit of the Americas, scheduled to take place June 6-10 in Los Angeles, if the Biden administration fails to invite Cuba, Venezuela, and Nicaragua. To top it off, he then blithely stated a week later that the U.S. “blockade” of Cuba was “genocidal.” This latest diatribe capped months of equivocal positioning by López Obrador regarding Russia’s unjustified invasion of Ukraine, including the president’s tone-deaf decision to abstain from suspending Russia’s status as a permanent observer nation at the Organization of American States and as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva. Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador says that he will not attend the Summit of the Americas

Russia – Ukraine (on the ground, impact)

  • May 25, 2022. By HRW. Moldovan authorities are deliberately housing most Romani refugees separately from others fleeing the war in Ukraine, in a manner that constitutes unequal and discriminatory treatment, Human Rights Watch said today. Amid pervasive discriminatory attitudes toward Roma, government authorities have permitted and, in some cases, directed staff and volunteers to deny Romani refugees housing at government-run facilities. Moldova: Romani Refugees from Ukraine Face Segregation
  • May 25, 2022. By Fred Abrahams, HRW. This month, four high-ranking members of the US Congress took an important step to help obtain justice for war crimes worldwide. On May 12, the legislators called on the chief executives of YouTube, TikTok, Twitter, and Meta (formerly Facebook) to preserve and archive content on their platforms that might be evidence of war crimes in Ukraine. When War Crimes Evidence Disappears
  • May 24, 2022. By Pavel Luzin, The Jamestown Foundation. Three months into Russia’s full-scale war of aggression against Ukraine, the role of Russian military reconnaissance and communications satellites remains noticeably underdeveloped. Although Moscow has 102 military satellites in orbit, the efficiency of its battlefield reconnaissance, surveillance, targeting, and command-and-control systems still seems to be lower than one would have expected for a country with a space program and military-industrial complex ostensibly as advanced as Russia’s. Its forces have been unable to destroy Ukraine’s military infrastructure or eliminate Ukrainian aviation and air/missile-defense systems. When it comes to inadequate reconnaissance and targeting, Russian troubles apparently hinge on a shortage of open optical and synthetic aperture radar satellites. Whereas, its deficient command, control and communications (C3) systems are the result of having too few satellite communication channels and terminals. Russia’s Space Satellite Problems and the War in Ukraine
  • May 24, 2022. By Kateryna Stepanenko, Karolina Hird, and Mason Clark, ISW. Russian forces have likely abandoned efforts to complete a single large encirclement of Ukrainian forces in eastern Ukraine and are instead attempting to secure smaller encirclements—enabling them to make incremental measured gains.Russian forces are likely attempting to achieve several simultaneous encirclements of small pockets of Ukrainian forces in Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts: the broader Severodonetsk area (including Rubizhne and Lysychansk), Bakhmut-Lysychansk, around Zolote (just northeast of Popasna), and around Ukrainian fortifications in Avdiivka. Russian forces have begun steadily advancing efforts in these different encirclements daily but have not achieved any major “breakthroughs” or made major progress towards their stated objectives of securing the Donetsk Oblast borders or seizing all of Donbas. Luhansk Oblast Administration Head Serhiy Haidai reported that Ukrainian forces only controlled approximately 10 percent of Luhansk Oblast as of May 15 (compared to 30 percent prior to the full-scale Russian invasion on February 24, 2022).[1] Russian forces have secured more terrain in the past week than efforts earlier in May. However, they have done so by reducing the scope of their objectives—largely abandoning operations around Izyum and concentrating on key frontline towns: Russian performance remains poor. Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, May 24
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  • May 24, 2022. By Shibley Telhami and Stella M. Rouse, Brookings. In March 2022, a University of Maryland Critical Issues Poll showed that, despite public anger with the Russian invasion of Ukraine and support for U.S. actions to confront it, attitudes about President Joe Biden were largely unaffected. It also showed that a slight majority of Americans supported imposing a no-fly zone over Ukraine, despite expressed concerns about confrontation with Russia. To probe these issues and analyze possible reasons behind these expressed attitudes, we designed two experiments. Measuring the impact of partisanship on attitudes toward the US response to the Russia-Ukraine war

Syria

Tajikistan – Afghanistan – Russia

  • May 24, 2022. By Paul Globe, The Jamestown Foundation. Dushanbe has never exercised complete control over Tajikistan’s restive Gorno-Badakhshan, a remote region dominated by the Pamir Mountains that occupies a third of the country (even though it has only 3 percent of its population) and adjoins Afghanistan. But in recent weeks, the situation has deteriorated to the point that ever more people in Dushanbe and Moscow are openly talking about the risk that conditions there may soon trigger a full-scale civil war. That possibility has led the Tajikistani leadership to launch yet another and apparently far more massive “counter-terrorist” action in Gorno-Badakhshan—so far with limited success (Fergana.agency, May 18; IA-Centr.ruEurasiaNetSputnik News, May 19). Chaos on Tajik-Afghan Border Could Make Russian Intervention More Likely

Turkey – Israel

Turkey – Syria

  • May 25, 2022. By The Syrian Observer. The Turkish president continues his aggressive games toward Syria, taking advantage of the current international instability caused by the war in Ukraine. He announced to the international community that his regime continues to seek the establishment of a 30 km-deep safe zone inside Syrian territory. There are preparations being made for a military operation under the pretext of responding to terrorism, which he created, financed, and protected with the help of his ally, America.  Erdogan Expands Ambitions for “Safe Zone” in Northern Syria

Ukraine – Hungary

  • May 24, 2022. By Bohdan Ustymenko, The Jamestown Foundation. In recent years, relations between Ukraine and Hungary were repeatedly overshadowed by bilateral conflicts and mutual accusations. The primary stumbling block to this day continues to be one of Ukraine’s western provinces—Transcarpathia (Zakarpatska Oblast). For example, earlier this month, the secretary of the Ukrainian National Security and Defense Council (NSDC), Oleksiy Danilov, asserted that Hungary had been warned in advance by Russia about the upcoming attack on Ukraine, and he claimed that Hungary intended to exploit the situation to reclaim “part of its [Ukrainian] territory,” alluding to Transcarpathia (Interfax, May 2). Ukraine’s Transcarpathia: The Other Center of Tension in the Heart of Europe

USA

  • May 24, 2022. By Elaine Kamarck, Brookings. It will come as no surprise to anyone that for Donald Trump the biggest, most important issue in this year’s election is—Donald Trump; specifically, his contention that he actually won the 2020 presidential election. Although the argument could be made that it’s time to move on and talk about issues like inflation that are closer to the voters’ concerns, Trump is anything if not consistently impervious to everything except the needs of his own ego. This is the big issue for Donald Trump in the 2022 midterms, but is it the issue for everyone else? Let’s see. The Georgia Republican primary: bad night for the Big Lie

USA – Africa

USA – Asia

  • May 25, 2022. By Pamela KennedyYun SunYuki TatsumiJenny Town, Stimson Center. May 20-22, President Biden visited South Korea and Japan for summits with both countries’ leaders as well as a meeting of the Quad, a group that includes India, Australia, Japan and the U.S. 4 Top Takeaways from Biden’s Asia Trip
  • May 24, 2022. By Mireya Solís, Brookings. U.S. President Joe Biden’s inaugural trip to Asia provides an important milestone to assess the direction and effectiveness of American policy in the Indo-Pacific — a region identified by Republican and Democratic administrations alike as holding a key to American prosperity and security. The Asia tour came on the heels of the president hosting Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) leaders in Washington and comprised stops in Seoul and Tokyo for bilateral meetings and participation in the second Quad leaders’ meeting. This full-court diplomatic engagement was crucial, given the importance of the objectives at stake: buttressing the rules-based order across Eurasia; deepening strategic relations with and between the United States’ Asian allies; and launching the economic track of the administration’s Indo-Pacific strategy. Will Biden’s Asia trip help the US meet its strategic objectives?

USA – Indo-Pacific – China

  • By Chu Daye, Global Times. The US’ so-called Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF) seemingly got off to a rough start despite its high profile launch with 12 initial partners, as many participating countries, especially ASEAN members, stressed the need for inclusiveness and multilateralism in regional economic and trade cooperation, in a cautionary tone over the deal widely seen as a move against China. US’ IPEF got off to rough start as participating ASEAN members stress inclusiveness

USA – Iran

  • May 25, 2022. By US Department of State. The United States remains fully committed to imposing costs on the Iranian regime for its support to terrorist proxies that destabilize the Middle East.  Targeting an Oil Smuggling Network Supporting the IRGC-QF and Hizballah
  • May 24, 2022. By Holly Dagres, Atlantic Council. “One of the most famous cycle studios in the United States is called ‘SoulCycle,’” the US State Department’s Persian language Instagram account (@USABehFarsi) wrote on May 12, just as protests spread to dozens of cities and towns across Iran. The demonstrations, which began as early as May 6, were initially prompted by the Ebrahim Raisi government jacking up the prices of important food staples—including wheat, chicken, cooking oil, and eggs—to cut subsidies in an economy already beset by mismanagement, corruption, and US sanctions. The Biden administration needs to do more on Iran. Here’s why.

West Bank

HORIZONS

DEFENSE – MILITARY – SPACE – CYBER

WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM

  • May 24, 2022. By Jeanne Bourgault, Platon, Anna König Jerlmyr, Amr Al Madani, WEF. Cultural activities have been among the most severely hit by restrictions introduced to contain COVID-19. This has compounded the existing difficulty of making a living in this sector for artists and the decline of revenue for cultural industries. Are we losing sight of the role arts and culture has in sustaining resilient and creative societies? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Keir Simmons, Fabrice Tocco, Lauren Woodman, Angela Oduor Lungati, Øyvind Eriksen, WEF. Public-private data exchanges for the common good have created more than $20 billion in new value as they have adopted innovative business models, privacy-enhancing technologies and new approaches for strengthening citizen trust. How are commercial and regulatory risks for large data holders – the supply side of the equation – being lowered to deliver both measurable impact and sustainable value? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Gillian R. Tett, Anne-Marie Slaughter, Richard Hatchett, Livia Leu, Khalid Al-Falih, WEF. The prospects for global cooperation and multilateral crisis management have weakened against a backdrop of widening divergence of values and deepening geopolitical tensions. In the face of this political fragmentation, can states put other differences aside and strengthen the world’s global cooperation tools to effectively manage current crises and better prepare for future ones? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Cheryl L. Dorsey, Alex Liu, Pamela Chan, Winnie Byanyima, WEF. At the height of the global Black Lives Matter movement, the anti-Asian attacks and the racial inequities exposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, many companies pledged to do better in their commitment to diversity, equity, and inclusion. What progress has been made on these promises two years later, and what more must be done to help businesses attain the goal of racial justice on the job and in society? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Andy Serwer, Peter Orszag, Manvinder Singh Banga, Luisa Gómez Bravo, WEF. Despite 2021 global mergers and acquisitions activity reaching new highs due to cheap financing and pent-up demand, early 2022 figures have shown a fall back. With growing concerns about escalating conflict between nations, tightening monetary policy and increased scrutiny on sustainability, how might deal-making need to adapt? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Sara Eisen, Ahmed Ali Al-Hammadi, Leila Fourie, Kathryn Koch, Nick Studer, WEF. Amid the pandemic, supply shocks and war, markets have remained broadly buoyant and at times reached unpredictable highs. How detached are markets from economic reality? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Shereen Bhan, Piyush Goyal, Hardeep Singh Puri, Sanjiv Bajajm, WEF. From its contributions to global economic growth and ensuring that the world meets its climate and sustainability goals, India continues to emerge as an important global player.  What actions can the country take to leverage today’s inflection point and launch the reforms needed to be an influential member of the global community? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Bruce Whitfield, Benedikt Sobotka, Anil Agarwal, Arancha Gonzalez Laya, Oscar Miguel Graham Yamahuchi, Muhammad Lutfi, WEF. Global commodity markets continue to be shaken violently by the manifestation of global risks, resulting in greater inflationary pressures and further delaying the solid recovery of the global economy. How can commodity markets be made more resilient to risks and what actions are required to absorb the commodity shock? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Her Majesty Queen Máxima of the Netherlands, Faisal Islam, Andre Soelistyo, François Villeroy de Galhau, Adeeb Ahamed, Karabo Morule, Gelsomina Vigliotti, WEF. Extensive progress has been made in advancing global financial inclusion in recent years, with the increased rollout of digital financial services during the pandemic proving an additional tailwind in many regions. Nevertheless, certain populations are still being left behind. Where is action most needed to deliver full financial inclusion and what innovations can address this ongoing challenge?  World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Lazarus Chakwera, Aron Cramer, Caroline Anstey, Mads Krogsgaard Thomsen, Punit Renjen, Tolu Oni, WEF. There is a 19-year gap in average life expectancy between low and high-income countries, primarily driven by inequities in health. How can leaders across sectors prioritize policies, investments and partnerships to close gaps in health equity and accelerate action at scale in the pursuit of health and well-being for all? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Jeremy Jurgens, Fatih Birol, John F. Kerry, Frans Timmermans, Catherine MacGregor, WEF. With the current global energy crisis and a fast closing window to reduce GHG emissions to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees, countries and companies must urgently act to get on track for net-zero emissions while also solving energy security needs. Join leaders from the public and private sectors as they share perspectives and actions to address the energy and climate crisis. World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Mahmoud Mohieldin, Bronwyn Nielsen, Arifin Tasrif, Mmamoloko Kubayi, Patricia Espinosa Cantellano, Paddy Padmanathan, WEF. Many emerging economies already suffering disproportionately from the effects of climate change may be at risk of further impact. However, some are well placed to lead the way in adopting new technologies, measures and strategies to reach net-zero emissions by 2050. Ahead of G20 in October, and COP27 in November, how can the international community provide the funding needed to accelerate and scale the much-needed low-carbon, climate-resilient transition in emerging economies? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Jens Stoltenberg, Børge Brende, WEF. World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Matina Stevis-Gridneff, Corinne Momal-Vanian, Lord Mark Malloch-Brown, Simon Freakley, Maurice Lévy. The world continues to stumble from crisis to crisis, the cumulative effects of which are difficult to discern. What leadership lessons have been learned so far and, if this “permacrisis” persists, what will be required of the current generation of leaders in government, business and civil society? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Erik Brynjolfsson, Christy Hoffman, Lynda Gratton, Chano Fernandez, Daniel Meuser, WEF. With hundreds of millions of workers now in a hybrid workplace, what are the lessons learned so far and the emerging implications of this new era of work? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Gerard Baker, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Roy Gori, Bob Sternfels, WEF. Economies and societies around the world are faced with several crises simultaneously, all of which have major humanitarian impact and potentially long-lasting economic effects. How can stakeholders build resilience to respond to the urgent questions resulting from climate change, the COVID-19 pandemic, conflict, and an uneven economic recovery? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Ursula von der Leyen, Klaus Schwab, WEF. World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Mirek Dusek, Hina Rabbani Khar, Andrzej Duda, Gregory W. Meeks, José Manuel Albares Bueno, H.H. Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud, Pekka Haavisto, WEF. The Ukraine crisis marks a breach in the post-war geopolitical era, with the increasing multipolarity of recent decades exploding into interstate conflict. What will the lasting implications be for the world’s major powers and for the smaller states in their regions? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Jane Nelson, Vivianne Heijnen, Nicolas Hieronimus, J. Michael Evans, Gilberto Tomazoni, WEF. By 2030, the global consumer class will exceed 5 billion people and spending is projected to reach nearly $100 trillion, representing 50% growth since 2020. What new business models, policies and incentives are needed to responsibly and inclusively advance consumption for a healthier planet and people? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Jennifer Schenker, Francis Suarez, Mark Edward Rose, Claudia Azevedo, Ahmed Ismail, WEF. Online retail sales have been outperforming bricks-and-mortar sales, fuelled largely by major shifts in work and commuting patterns. What does the future of retail – and retail space – look like, and what are the implications for communities, consumers and business? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Warren Jude Fernandez, Mathias Cormann, Tengku Muhammad Taufik, Shinta Widjaja Kamdani, Lynn Kuok, Samdech Techo Hun Sen, WEF. With multiple mega-regional trade agreements coming into force and a consolidated strategy for the Fourth Industrial Revolution, ASEAN is well-positioned for growth despite ongoing geo-economic challenges in the broader region. What steps will ensure continued growth and prosperity and how should ASEAN use the hosting of G20 and APEC summits in 2022 to further enhance its role on the global stage? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Madeleine Hillyer, Lauren Uppink, Luis Rodolfo Abinader Corona, Ruzwana Bashir, WEF. The World Economic Forum’s Travel and Tourism Development Index is a biennial travel and tourism study that benchmarks 117 countries on 17 pillars crucial to the development and resiliency of their travel and tourism industries. The latest edition highlights the importance of travel and tourism recovery for global economies following the Covid-19 pandemic. Panelists will discuss the report findings and what industry and government leaders can do to ensure resilient and sustainable recovery for the Travel and Tourism sector. World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Nicholas Thompson, Antonio Neri, Pekka Lundmark, Arvind Krishna, Ruth Porat, Julie Sweet, WEF. The continued acceleration of technology transformation will be critical to building socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable economic growth. However, businesses face heightened cybersecurity vulnerabilities, supply chain issues, geopolitical fragmentation and reputational risks. How can business and policy leaders manage emerging trade-offs in the digital economy to build shared value? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Pedro Sánchez, Børge Brende, WEF. World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Karen Karniol-Tambour, Christian Klein, Jean-Pascal Tricoire, José María Álvarez-Pallete, Zoe Yujnovich, WEF. Digital technologies could help reduce global carbon emissions by up to 20% – over one third of the 2030 global goal. With decarbonization roadmaps now becoming clearer and more mature across sectors, businesses and governments must rapidly scale up digital innovation for net zero. What strategies, policies and partnerships can accelerate progress? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Derek O’Halloran, Rima Qureshi, Achim Steiner, Paula Ingabire, WEF. In 2021, at least 2 billion people have no access to essential healthcare, 1.7 billion adults remain unbanked and over 260 million children have no access to education. How can organizations improve 1 billion lives by providing affordable and accessible digital solutions? How are we progressing on such an ambitious challenge? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Rebecca Blumenstein, François-Philippe Champagne, Jos De Blok, Dipu Moni, Mikael Damberg, WEF. From care, education and health to green energy, infrastructure and digital, the jobs of tomorrow may emerge in several growing sectors of the global economy.  How can targeted investments and policies ensure such job creation and support workers in transitioning to them? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Pranjal Sharma, Jen Easterly, Dorit Dor, Felipe Bayon, Matthew Prince, WEF. The sophistication of cyber threats coupled with the pace of digital transformation exposes critical infrastructure to significant cyber risks with devastating consequences for the economy, national security, or public health and safety. How can we mobilize a global multistakeholder response to strengthen cyber resilience in systemically important critical infrastructure? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Shereen Bhan, Brian T. Moynihan, Alan Jope, Laura M. Cha, Emmanuel Faber, WEF. With the pressures of climate change, public health, social inequality and now geopolitical stability and security on the mind of leaders around the world, the need for better transparency and comparability of environmental, social and governance factors is imperative. How can stakeholders continue to drive the global effort to provide capital markets with consistent, comparable and useful ESG information? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Saadia Zahidi, Jonas Prising, Robert E. Moritz, WEF. A new survey of 52,000 workers around the world paints a picture of a global workforce that is flexing its muscles in the context of rising inflation, tight labour markets, and political division. At the same time, it shows wide inequality between those with in-demand skills and those without, and a great appetite for both meaning and transparency. How can organizations work with their employees to deliver a working life that meets rising expectations? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By  Jahnavi Babbar, Seth Moulton, Heidi Larson, Fatima-Zahra Ma-el-ainin, Shoriwa Shaun Benjamin, Benedikt Schmid, WEF. The pandemic disrupted all our lives. Young people in particular – in the middle of their education, of building relationships and developing their sense of self – were affected by the challenges of isolation. How can we help this generation cope with the aftermath of the pandemic and reach their full potential? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Lin Xueling, Jun Ni, Elizabeth Gaines, Daniel Yergin, Zhigang Zhang, WEF. China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of energy, so its choices will be crucial both for meeting global energy demand and for delivering on global climate targets. In light of China’s leadership in clean energy, its 2060 carbon-neutrality target and its energy-security needs, how can Chinese and other global stakeholders work together to drive the energy transition? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Sasha Vakulina, Margaritis Schinas, Becky Frankiewicz, Natalia Gavrilița, WEF. The invasion of Ukraine has displaced millions of people both internally and in flows of refugees into the rest of Europe. What actions should European policy-makers and business leaders take to respond to the immediate and longer-term humanitarian consequences of the Ukraine crisis? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos
  • May 24, 2022. By Geoff Cutmore, Gabriela Bucher, Stefanie Stantcheva, Mathias Cormann, WEF. After decades of a race to the bottom on corporate taxation, a landmark agreement has been reached by over 140 countries and jurisdictions to implement a 15% global minimum corporate tax rate. How can we address the tax challenges arising from the digitalisation of the economy and design efficient global taxation to finance inclusive and fairer economies? World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022, Davos

Giudizio storico. Spunti (25 maggio 2022) – The Global Eye

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