domenica, Luglio 21, 2024

VERSO NUOVE PROSPETTIVE DELL’ECONOMIA

All that is taken up here, in the complexity of open sources, does not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Science of Where Magazine

FOCUS

TOPICS

  • (Cybersecurity) October 3, 2022. Alessandro Mascellino, Infosecurity. A former US National Security Agency (NSA) employee has been arrested after trying to sell classified information to an undercover Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent posing as a foreign spy working for a foreign government. Ex-NSA Employee Charged For Trying to Sell US Secrets
  • (Cybersecurity) October 3, 2022. Alessandro Mascellino, Infosecurity. KFC and McDonald’s customers were targeted via phishing campaigns across Saudi Arabia, UAE and Singapore, with payment details of some of them successfully stolen by attackers. Phishing Campaigns Target KFC, McDonald’s in Saudi Arabia, UAE, Singapore
  • (Cybersecurity) October 3, 2022. Alessandro Mascellino, Infosecurity. The North Korea–backed threat actor known as Lazarus Group has been observed deploying a Windows rootkit by exploiting a Dell firmware driver. Lazarus Group Exploits Dell Driver Vulnerability to Bypass Windows Security
  • (Defense – Military – Security) October 4, 2022. The Defense Post. Rojoef Manuel. The US and five allied nations have joined a week-long air force partnership event to discuss the maintenance and operations of the F-16 Fighting Falcon in Bucharest, Romania. US, Romania Host F-16 Maintenance and Operations Event for Allies
  • (Digital & Tech) October 3, 2022. Darrell M. West and Nicol Turner Lee, Brookings. The prevalence and technical relevance of machine learning algorithms have increased over the years, making predictive decisionmaking tools part of the everyday lives of online users. Today, it is harder to discern what decisions are made by humans, and the others that rely upon the cognition of machines. Most users are unaware of the widespread and normalized use of automated decisionmaking, making them completely oblivious to when machines start, and humans take over, or vice versa. Equally concerning are when online decisions make determinations about one’s eligibility for credit, housing, employment, health care, and educational opportunities. TechTank Podcast Episode 54: Can AI developers be incentivized to debias their algorithms?
  • (Energy) October 2022. IEA. This year’s winter gas season opens with extreme natural gas price levels and volatility, caused by unprecedented uncertainty of supply as Russia steeply curtails its pipeline deliveries to Europe. The result is considerable market tension in alternative sources of supply. Security of supply has become a top priority in Europe and other importing regions as a total cut-off in Russian flows to Europe cannot be ruled out, creating further tensions and demand destruction for all competing LNG importers. The gas crisis triggered by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 has caused a series of market adjustments. European buyers have strongly increased their LNG procurement, resulting in market tightening and demand destruction in various importing regions. This has also had a visible impact on LNG contracting behaviours, with a return to more traditional features such as fixed-destination and longer-duration contracts. The European Union, whose member states are directly exposed to the threat of further supply cuts, has adopted a number of measures to enhance security of supply and market resilience ahead of the coming winter. This quarterly report includes the IEA’s annual Global Gas Security Review and an analysis of short-term gas market evolution to 2023. Gas Market Report, Q4-2022 – Analysis
  • (Health & Digital) October 3, 2022. Shania Kennedy, Health IT Analytics.  University Hospitals (UH) Cleveland Medical Center has been awarded artificial intelligence (AI)-based endoscopy tools by the Medtronic Health Equity Assistance Program, which will be used to support colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and prevention in medically underserved communities. OH Health System Leverages AI to Bolster Colon Cancer Screenings, Health Equity
  • (Nord Stream 1 – Nord Stream 2) October 3, 2022. Jessica Brandt and Valerie Wirtschafter, Brookings. One week ago, powerful explosions ruptured a pair of underwater natural gas pipelines—Nord Stream 1 and 2—that run between Russia and Germany. The pipelines represent an important source of natural gas to Germany, and against the background of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Nord Stream 1 and 2 provide a key tool for the Kremlin to exert leverage over Europe. While exactly who is responsible for the attack, which European officials say was a deliberate act of sabotage, remains unclear, experts broadly agree that Russia is the key suspect.    U.S. podcasters spread Kremlin narratives on Nord Stream sabotage
  • (Space) October 4, 2022. , Geospacial World. The Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) mandate for satellite operators to dispose of satellites within five years of mission completion couldn’t have come at a better time. One Small Step for FCC, One Giant Leap in Sustainable Space
  • (Space) October 3, 2022. RUSI. Anuradha Damale-Day, Policy Fellow and Programme Manager at BASIC, talks to us about how the development of space tech is having an impact on legal frameworks. Given her recent experience at the Open-Ended Working Group session on threats, held in Geneva, she ponders on the progress recorded in the international forum. What would be the impact of UN General Assembly Resolution 75/36 on reducing space threats through norms, rules and principles of responsible behaviours? Episode 21: Space Tech Innovation and Regulations – A Game of Catch-Up?

WORLDS

  • (AUKUS) October 3, 2022. David Maxwell, FDD. On September 15, 2021, Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States formed AUKUS, which is described as a trilateral security partnership designed to make it easier to share information “to better meet the threats of today and tomorrow” in the Indo-Pacific. It is initially focusing on two lines of efforts: submarines and advanced technology. Since the announcement, the trio has held multiple high-level meetings (Senior Officials Groups, Joint Steering Groups, and Working Groups) to advance concepts to support the partnership. AUKUS Special Operations Forces in Strategic Competition, Integrated Deterrence, and Campaigning: Resistance to Malign Activities
  • (Australia) October 4, 2022. , The Strategist. I’ve often thought that Australia’s submarine transition is a wicked problem, perhaps one of the most wicked in the public policy arena. A wicked problem is one that is difficult or even impossible to solve because key stakeholders have fundamentally different interests and requirements. No solution can satisfy them all. It’s not just possible, but inevitable that intelligent people will be committed to very different solutions to wicked problems. Australia’s ‘damn the torpedoes’ path to nuclear-powered submarines
  • (Australia) October 4, 2022. Joe Saballa, The Defense Post. The government of Australia is investing 500 million Australian dollars ($325 million) in next-generation weapons and equipment for the Australian Defence Forces. Australia Investing $500M in Next-Generation Military Weapons
  • (Australia – South Korea) October 4, 2022. Sung-Young Kim, East Asia Forum. South Korea and Australia’s trade relationship is one of the most complementary in the world. Seoul is an exporter of high-tech manufactured goods — semiconductors, cars and electronics — and relies almost completely on imports for energy. Australia, on the other hand, is an importer of South Korea’s manufactured products and a major energy supplier (especially coal) to South Korea. Jump-starting Australia–ROK energy cooperation
  • (Brazil) October 3, 2022. Chatham House. On Sunday 2 October, Brazilians headed to the polls for the first round of the presidential election. Incumbent Jair Bolsonaro, aided by Paulo Guedes, Brazil’s economy minister, has presided over four years in office attempting to implement radical reforms. Brazil: The economy beyond the elections
  • (Brazil) October 2, 2022. Atlantic Council. And then there were two. On Sunday, Brazilian voters sent left-wing former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and right-wing current President Jair Bolsonaro to a runoff to determine who governs Latin America’s largest country for the next four years. The results—Lula earning about 48 percent to Bolsonaro’s 43 percent and other candidates in the low single digits—set up a four-week sprint to the finish and a test for Brazil’s democracy. To make sense of the results and fill us in on what’s next, we turned to our top Brazil and Latin America experts. Lula vs. Bolsonaro: Your expert breakdown of Brazil’s presidential election runoff
  • (Burkina Faso) October 3, 2022. Ebenezer Obadare, CFR. Over the weekend, a small group of soldiers led by 34-year-old Captain Ibrahim Traore overthrew the military junta of Lt. Col. Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba.  A Country in Freefall
  • (China) October 4, 2022. Xinhua. Given China’s economic resilience and pivotal position in the global economy and supply chains, the “decoupling from China” rhetoric is not only unrealistic, but also short-sighted, experts have said. Experts say decoupling from China unrealistic
  • (Greece – Turkey) October 3, 2022. Elisabeth Gosselin-Malo, Defense News. A Greek defense startup is proposing a new autonomous surveillance tower, “Outpost,” to improve the monitoring of remote islands, a capability considered crucial in territorial disputes with neighbor Turkey. ‘Outpost’ autonomous towers to monitor Greek islands for threats
  • (Greek Cypriot Administration – USA – Turkey) October 3, 2022. Merve Aydogan, Anadolu Agency. Türkiye on Monday strongly condemned the Greek Cypriot administration’s inclusion in a US military partnership program. Türkiye ‘strongly condemns’ inclusion of Greek Cypriot administration in US military partnership program
  • (India) October 3, 2022. , Geospacial World. We encourage the adoption of modern technology. The MoRTH has created various policies to support the wider adoption of these technologies for an even more incredible pace of highway construction in the country, says Amit Kumar Ghosh, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH), in an exclusive interview with Geospatial World. Geospatial for Optimum Highway Network Strategy
  • (Iran) October 3, 2022. Nicholas Carl, Kitaneh Fitzpatrick, Zachary Coles, and Frederick W. Kagan, ISW. Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei made his first public appearance since September 21. Iran Crisis Update, October 3
  • (Iran) October 3, 2022. Brookings. Suzanne Maloney, vice president and director of Foreign Policy at Brookings, speaks with David Dollar about what the continuing demonstrations in Iran over the death of Mahsa Amini could mean for regime stability, plus Iran’s economic situation, the prospects of Iran returning to some form of a nuclear deal with the West, and what it would take for the U.S. and Iran to have a better relationship. Will protests in Iran end the Islamic Republic?
  • (Italy) October 3, 2022. Isabella Antinozzi, Trevor Taylor, RUSI. With Italy’s new government, the country’s commitment to the Tempest programme is likely to continue, not least because of the economic potential it holds for Italian industry. However, Italy’s strategic geographical position on the Mediterranean and the limited popular support for defence spending means that little can be taken for granted. For the UK and the value of European defence links after Brexit, Italy’s participation in Tempest has benefits beyond the project itself. Italy in Tempest: An Equal or Equitable Partner?
  • (Japan) October 4, 2022. Yunchen Tian, East Asia Forum. Prime Minister Fumio Kishida recently announced that will Japan drop its strict border policy on 11 October 2022. Alongside China, Japan has some of the world’s strictest visa and entry requirements for inbound foreign visitors. The reopening of the country is an easy win for the embattled Prime Minister and his cabinet — both of which have seen a plunge in public approval following the assassination of former prime minister Shinzo Abe. Kishida reopens the door to Japan
  • (Japan) October 3, 2022. Richard Katz, East Asia Forum. Global inflation, and the rising interest rates being used to counter it, are creating a big dilemma for Bank of Japan (BOJ) Governor Haruhiko Kuroda. If Japan’s domestic demand and inflation were the BOJ’s only considerations, keeping interest rates at near zero levels would seem perfectly sensible. But the side effect would be a steep plunge in the Japanese yen’s value. The Bank of Japan minds the interest rate gap
  • (Morocco – China) Joe Saballa, The Defense Post. The Royal Moroccan Army has procured advanced military drones from China as part of its continuing effort to bolster its air defense capabilities. Morocco Buys Chinese Military Drones
  • (Philippines) October 4, 2022. Alie Peter Neil Galeon, The Defense Post. The Philippine military has sent eight Autonomous Truck Mounted Howitzer System (ATMOS 2000) 155mm self-propelled guns to Mindanao to support counter-terrorism operations in the southern region. Philippine Army Sends 8 Self-Propelled Howitzers to Mindanao
  • (Russia – Ukraine) October 3, 2022. James Nixey, Orysia Lutsevych, James Sherr, Nikolai Petrov, Chatham House. Experts from the Russia and Eurasia programme analyse the Russian annexations of key territories in the region and the potential impact on its war against Ukraine. Russia’s annexations must not impact global resolve
  • (Russia – Ukraine) October 3, 2022. Tatiana
    Stanovaya
    , Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. When Vladimir Putin launched his war against Ukraine back in February, many believed a Rubicon had been crossed after which the Russian president’s relationship with his elites would never be the same. It was then that Putin began to be seen as a desperate leader, no longer capable of normal interaction with the outside world. Russia’s Elites Are Starting to Admit the Possibility of Defeat
  • (Russia – Ukraine) October 3, 2022. Eldad Shavit, Shimon Stein, INSS. How can a toll be exacted from Russia, without deteriorating into an all-out war? Western leaders must now tackle this challenging question, following the escalation in the Ukrainian theater, Putin’s annexation announcement, and Russia’s threat to use nuclear weapons on the battlefield. What dilemmas confront the NATO members, first and foremost the United States, and what is Israel’s role in this inter-bloc struggle? The United States and NATO at a Crossroads regarding the War in Ukraine
  • (Russia – Ukraine) October 3, 2022. Erol Yayboke, Anastasia Strouboulis, Abigail Edwards, CSIS. The Russi­an invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 triggered a regional forced displacement crisis. Over seven months since the start of the war, many Ukrainians are still outside their country. Some are still being forcibly displaced while others—especially those in eastern Ukraine—are being forcibly transferred to Russia. Some refugees have returned to Ukraine, though for what length of time remains to be seen. And with President Putin’s “partial mobilization” decree, a whole new group of forcibly displaced and asylum-seeking people may be forced from home—this time from Russia itself. Update on Forced Displacement around Ukraine
  • (Russia – Ukraine) October 3, 2022. Karolina Hird, Kateryna Stepanenko, Riley Bailey, Katherine Lawlor, and Frederick W. Kagan, ISW. Ukrainian forces continued to make substantial gains around Lyman and in Kherson Oblast in the last 48 hours. Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, October 3
  • (Russia – Ukraine) October 4, 2022. The Defense Post. British Foreign Minister James Cleverly will on Tuesday declare that Britain has the “strategic endurance” to see Ukraine “through to victory” over Russia. UK Vows to See Ukraine ‘Through to Victory’ Over Russia
  • (Russia – Ukraine) October 3, 2022. Patrick Tucker, Defense One. A family of drones designed to operate against extremist groups is proving effective against the Russian military, and their manufacturer is quickly working to upgrade them with information from the Ukrainian troops putting them to use. But even company officials caution that drones won’t serve as a substitute for the larger weapons Ukraine needs.  What Surprised One Drone Maker About Russia’s War on Ukraine
  • (Russia – Ukraine) October 3, 2022. Joe Gould, Defense News. The Pentagon’s international affairs chief said Monday that Russia’s new losses in the strategic southern Kherson region are about to spiral into a “major defeat” that would give Ukraine a defensive position amid “hot fighting” expected this winter. Russian forces poised for ‘major defeat’ in Kherson, says DoD official
  • (Syria) October 4, 2022. The Syrian Observer. The U.S.-backed armed faction in the al-Tanf area in southeast Syria, Maghaweir al-Thowra, officially rejected the Global Coalition’s recent decision to remove its leader Muhanad Tallaa. U.S.-Backed Faction in Syria’s al-Tanf Rejects New Leader
  • (Syria) October 4, 2022. The Syrian Observer. A human rights group has documented the names and data of more than 6,000 Palestinian refugees who have been subjected to physical abuse since the revolution erupted in March 2011. 6,000 Palestinians Subjected to Physical Abuse in Syria: monitor
  • (Syria) October 4, 2022. The Syrian Observer. President Bashar al-Assad’s, during his visit to the PV project in Adra Industrial City, stated that “the establishment of the PV project is a model of investment thinking.”. President Assad Encourages Electricity Privatization
  • (Syria – Jordan) October 4, 2022. The Syrian Observer.  On Sunday, during a meeting that included several political figures in the country, King Abdullah II of Jordan added that Jordan wants a solution that preserves the unity of Syria’s land and people and ensures the voluntary and safe return of refugees, according to the Jordanian news agency Petra.  King of Jordan: We’ll Continue to Push for Political Solution in Syria
  • (Turkey) October 3, 2022. Burak Ege Bekdil, Defense News. A two-company partnership developed “the world’s first unmanned surface vessel with electronic warfare capabilities,” according to Turkey’s top procurement official, Ismail Demir. Aselsan, Sefine team up again on uncrewed electronic warfare vessel
  • (Turkey – Libya) October 3, 2022. Merve Aydogan and Mahmoud Barakat, Anadolu Agency. Stressing the strong ties between Türkiye and Libya, the Turkish foreign minister announced in Tripoli on Monday the signing of memorandums of understanding on hydrocarbon and gas between the two countries. Türkiye, Libya sign agreements on hydrocarbon, gas
  • (Turkey – Yemen) October 4, 2022. Handan Kazancı, Anadolu Agency. Türkiye called Tuesday on Yemen’s warring parties to “show effort to reintroduce the truce” after an Oct. 2 deadline for extending it expired. Türkiye calls on parties in Yemen to ‘reintroduce truce’
  • (USA) October 3, 2022. Geospacial World. CoreLogic announced that residential and commercial wind and storm surge loss estimates for Hurricane Ian are expected to be between $22 billion and $32 billion. Insured storm surge losses in Florida are expected to be an additional $6 billion to $15 billion. CoreLogic Estimates $28 Billion to $47 Billion Loss via Hurrican Ian
  • (USA) October 3, 2022. Jean Ross, Jessica Vela, Center for American Progress. The strength and pace of recent job growth demonstrates the importance of public investment at scale for minimizing long-term harm for workers and their families. The Swift Jobs Recovery Under Biden Will Have Long-Lasting Benefits for Workers
  • (USA) October 3, 2022. Ted Van Green, Pew Research Center. With the midterm elections less than two months away, an increasing share of Americans say that their side in politics has been losing more often than it has been winning. Americans increasingly say their side is mostly losing in politics
  • (USA) October 3, 2022. David Adesnik, John Hardie, FDD. Welcome back to the Biden Administration Foreign Policy Tracker. Once a month, we ask FDD’s experts and scholars to assess the administration’s foreign policy. They provide trendlines of very positive, positive, neutral, negative, or very negative for the areas they watch. Biden Administration Foreign Policy Tracker: October
  • (USA) October 3, 2022. Lauren C. Williams, Defense One. The first data strategy implementation plan issued by the Pentagon’s lead IT office seeks nothing less than to break down the myriad and storied walls that keep information from flowing freely and securely between DOD programs, military branches, and battlefield units. DISA’s Sweeping New Plan Takes Aim at Data Silos, Mistagged Info
  • (USA) October 3, 2022.
  • (USA) October 3, 2022. Jacob Ware, CFR.  In the two weeks leading up to the last midterm election in 2018, the United States was shaken by four domestic terrorist attacks, all seeking different ways of pressing home a political message. Elections, Violence, and the Future of American Democracy
  • (USA – Germany – Ukraine) October 3, 2022.
  • (USA – Somalia) October 3, 2022. Bill Roggio, Caleb Weiss, FDD. The U.S. military killed a senior Shabaab leader in an airstrike in a terrorist haven in southern Somalia on Oct. 1. Abdullahi Yare, the Shabaab commander who was killed, had a $3 million reward out for his capture, and is the first senior Shabaab leader killed in more than two years. U.S. military kills wanted Shabaab leader in airstrike in Somalia
  • (USA – South Pacific – Australia) October 4, 2022. , The Strategist. As the United States re-engages with the South Pacific, it can learn from what the islands have taught Australia. Australia’s South Pacific lessons for the US
  • (USA – Taiwan) October 3, 2022. Bryant Harris, Defense News. The senators who last month advanced a sprawling bill that includes $6.5 billion in military aid for Taiwan are hoping to pass it into law as part of the Fiscal 2023 National Defense Authorization Act. Menendez seeks path forward for Taiwan defense bill

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