mercoledì, Dicembre 1, 2021

LE PROMESSE DI GLASGOW

Diario geostrategico,  16 novembre 2021

Buona lettura ! 

 

The Science of Where Magazine’s interviews:

– The road to the “new normal” and the role of the G20. The Science of Where meets Priyadarshi Dash. Associate Professor at Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi, he has 14 years of experience in policy research on trade, investment, infrastructure and fintech issues in the context of G20, IORA, BIMSTEC and Indo-Pacific

– Governo dei dati tra geopolitica e tutela del cittadino. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Ivana Bartoletti, Global Chief Privacy Officer a WIPRO Technologies e Visiting Policy Fellow presso l’ Università di Oxford

– Tecnologia e responsabilità: uno snodo decisivo. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Federico Cabitza, Università di Milano-Bicocca

– Inside the ethics of artificial intelligence: for a decentralized approach. The Science of Where Magazine meets James Brusseau, Philosopher, Pace University

– L’intelligenza artificiale contro le discriminazioni sul lavoro. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Keith Sonderling, Commissioner del U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

– Per Italia e Germania, il futuro è nelle nuove tecnologie. Intervista esclusiva con l’Ambasciatore d’Italia a Berlino, Armando Varricchio

– Gathering strenght, gathering storms. Visions on artificial intelligence. The Science of Where Magazine meets Michael Littman and Peter Stone

 Today’s Choice:

– Hanna Duggal, Al Jazeera: After two weeks of intense negotiations, countries have struck a climate deal at the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP) in Scotland. Saturday’s Glasgow Climate Pact is the first climate package to directly reference coal and fossil fuels, although many countries were angered by a last-minute change to the text replacing the call to phase “out” the use of coal with a call to phase it “down”. – Infographic: What has your country pledged at COP26?

 Australia-China:

– Paul Dibb, The Strategist: At his speech to the National Press Club on Wednesday and in an article in the Australian Financial Review in September, former prime minister Paul Keating gave the strong impression of being a sleepwalker who has simply not caught up with today’s geopolitical reality. Keating proclaims that China is not out to attack other countries, that it’s not a threat to Australia and that Taiwan is not a vital Australian interest. He also states that China’s recent behaviour is merely typical of any major power ‘in the adolescent phase of their diplomacy’. Like all big states, he says, it has just become ruder as it has got bigger. He rejects any accusations that Beijing is exporting its ideology, is territorially expansionist or is a military aggressor. – Why Keating is wrong about China

China-USA:

– Global Times: A global chip supply crunch has lasted for a protracted period of time, holding back the recovery of many industries across the world. The US has also found itself struggling to meet market demand; however, Intel Corp’s latest effort trying to address the problem has reportedly been put off by Washington’s insistence out of its skewed anti-China mindset. – GT Voice: Time for US-China cooperation on chip production, other issues

Climate Action:

– Marjut Falkstedt, Project-Syndicate: Women account for 43% of the agricultural labor force in developing countries, but account for only about 7% of investment in the sector. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, investing more in female farmers could increase agricultural yields by up to 30% – almost enough to offset the decline in output expected by 2030 because of climate change. – The Smart Climate Money Is on Women

Climate Finance:

– Jeffrey D. Sachs, Project-Syndicate: The United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow (COP26) fell far short of what is needed for a safe planet, owing mainly to the same lack of trust that has burdened global climate negotiations for almost three decades. Developing countries regard climate change as a crisis caused largely by the rich countries, which they also view as shirking their historical and ongoing responsibility for the crisis. Worried that they will be left paying the bills, many key developing countries, such as India, don’t much care to negotiate or strategize. – Fixing Climate Finance

Digital Transformation-Emerging and Disruptive Technology:

– Aimee Chanthadavong, ZDNet: “If you can trace a cow, you can track anything,” Gavin Devaney, owner and managing director of Bartle Frere Bananas told ZDNet. It’s the reason why for the last two years he has been rolling out sensors and relying on data to improve the overall operation of his 250-acre North Queensland banana farm, including ensuring it meets management best practice. – Australia’s Bartle Frere Bananas using IoT and data to improve banana traceability

– Derel Gatopoulos and Theodora Tongas, Associated Press, The Spokesman-ReviewWhat would it be like to walk around the ancient religious sanctuary of Olympia when the Olympic Games were held? An unusual partnership between Microsoft and Greece’s Ministry of Culture and Sport is offering visitors the answer, launching an immersive tour Wednesday at one of the world’s major archaeological sites. – Augmented reality project involving Microsoft brings Olympics birthplace to life

– Erin McNemar, Health IT Analytics: Johns Hopkins University researchers developed a machine-learning algorithm that uses predictive analytics to identify adolescents experiencing suicidal thoughts and behavior. After decades of analysis, researchers discovered specific risk factors associated with suicidal thought and behavior among adolescents, helping to improve suicide prevention efforts. However, few studies have examined these risk factors in combination with each other, especially in a large adolescent population. – Machine Learning Uses Predictive Analytics For Suicide Prevention

– BBC News: Met Éireann is joining forces with the national weather services of Denmark, Iceland and the Netherlands to operate a new supercomputer aimed at bringing “significant advancements to short-term weather forecasting”. – Met Éireann signs up for weather forecasting supercomputer

Europe:

– Christian Sewing, Werner Hoyer, Project-Syndicate: Jean Monnet, an architect of the European Union, once said that European unity “will be forged in crises, and will be the sum of the solutions adopted for those crises.” The past decade and a half has provided further confirmation of Monnet’s prediction. Contrary to forecasts by many eminent economists, the EU Economic and Monetary Union survived the euro debt crisis and is still going strong, thanks to the European Stability Mechanism. The Juncker Plan helped put the European economy back on track, and Brexit, far from breaking the EU apart, drew it closer together. – A Capital-Markets Union Is the Key to Greening Europe

Global Refugees:

– Al Jazeera: Belarus and the European Union are raising their stakes in a standoff over refugees and migrants at the Belarusian-Polish border. The EU is imposing more sanctions on entities in Belarus, while Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko is threatening to cut gas supplies to Europe. Poland has asked NATO to take concrete steps to resolve the crisis. Caught in the middle are thousands of refugees. They have spent weeks sleeping rough at the borders between Belarus, Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. Many have been denied basic protection, such as housing and medical care. It is the latest example of the United Nations’ refugee convention under strain. From Europe to the United States and Australia, countries have failed to uphold obligations under international humanitarian law. So is a new agreement needed? – Is a new international convention to protect refugees needed?

India:

– V SriDhar, East Asia Forum: India has much to gain from 5G not only due to the high speed data transfers it provides but also from the way the technology will impact agriculture, education, healthcare, transportation and other services. The technology is expected to increase global GDP by about US$2 trillion in key sectors such as healthcare, retail, mobility and manufacturing alone. But the road to 5G rollout is far from smooth. – The bumpy road to 5G rollout in India

Israel:

– Shalom Lipner, Project-Syndicate: Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett returned from this month’s United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) feeling buoyant. Hobnobbing with world leaders in Scotland lent credibility to his projected image as a worthy replacement to Binyamin Netanyahu, his polarizing and larger-than-life predecessor who reigned supreme over Israel for more than 12 years. But Bennett’s momentum – and his government – could be short-lived unless he is able to exercise prudent leadership in the months ahead. – Escaping Bibi’s Shadow

Israel-UAE:

Mustafa Abu Sneineh, Middle East Eye: The Israeli arms manufacturer Elbit Systems opened a branch in the United Arab Emirates on Sunday, as relations between the two countries continued to thaw following last summer’s normalisation agreement. Elbit had a booth in the Dubai Air Show representing Israel for the first time ever in this event. The show is running until 18 November and 80,000 visitors are expected. – Israeli arms manufacturer participates in Dubai Air Show for first time

Pandemic-International Trade Law:

– Bryan Mercurio, East Asia Forum: The COVID-19 pandemic will have a lasting effect on many areas of international lawmaking. In recent years, members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) have struggled to progress the trade agenda or even keep the multilateral system functioning as designed. The pandemic may accelerate the trend of increased protectionism and movement away from liberalism and towards managed trade. – How COVID-19 is undermining international trade law

UAE-Turkey:

– Ragip Soylu, Middle East Eye: United Arab Emirates Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed al Nahyan (MBZ) will visit Turkey next week for the first time in ten years, two Turkish officials told Middle East Eye. The Emirati crown prince’s visit, expected to take place on 24 November, will be a symbolic turning point after the UAE and Turkey agreed to improve relations last summer. – UAE crown prince to visit Turkey for first time in ten years

USA:

– Aaron Greiner and Emily Cooper, Brookings: In his book

Palaces for the People, sociologist Eric Klinenberg demonstrates a correlation between death rates in the 1995 Chicago heat wave and access to social infrastructure. Social infrastructure—which he defines as “the physical places and organizations that shape the way people interact”—includes places like libraries, community centers, cafés, parks, and barbershops. In Chicago communities with less access to these places, mortality rates due to the heat wave were higher (even when accounting for race and socioeconomic status), presumably because these neighborhoods lacked the deep networks, relationships, and infrastructure necessary to form the social connections needed for survival. – How a Massachusetts town is investing in social infrastructure to rebuild its Main Street

– Bill Baer, Brookings: Today antitrust enforcement, competition policy, and privacy are hot button issues in the U.S. and around the world. Critics of tech giants like Google, Apple, Amazon and Facebook say they are powerful monopolists with too much control over people’s on-line activities, too much access to personal data, and maximize shareholder profit at the expense of consumers, workers, and even democracy itself. The debate over the lack of competition is not limited to the tech platforms. Consumers are increasingly frustrated with their limited options in other industries, such as hospitals, airlines, and internet service providers. – TechTank Podcast Episode 32: In the U.S.A.’s tech-driven economy, is enough being done to protect consumer choice and privacy?

– Jenny Schuetz, Brookings: Rising housing costs have become an increasingly

salient political issue for state-level elected officials across the United States. Local governments have traditionally exerted the most direct control over land use and housing production, yet political and fiscal incentives align to pressure local officials into restricting new development, especially of moderately priced homes. However, state governments are increasingly feeling the pinch of poorly functioning housing markets in several ways. Inadequate supply, especially in near job centers and transportation infrastructure, makes it harder for companies to recruit and retain workers. Most new housing is developed on the urban fringe in car-dependent locations, leading to higher traffic volumes and more greenhouse gas emissions. Exclusionary zoning by affluent, high-opportunity communities restricts economic mobility and exacerbates racial and economic segregation. In short, the economic, social, and environmental costs of poorly functioning housing markets spill over beyond local boundaries to affect entire regions and states. State-level action has the potential to improve these outcomes. – States can improve housing well-being through thoughtfully designed policies

– Rena Conti, Richard G. Frank, Jonathan Gruber, Brookings: The fundamental dilemma in prescription drug policy is often understood to be the tradeoff between establishing incentives for innovation that produces new cures through high product prices and the fact that high prices can and do strain the ability of consumers and taxpayers to afford the high prices to support that innovation. This is also the tradeoff posed by the Congressional Budget Office’s (CBO) recent cost estimate of one of the leading proposals to control drug pricing, H.R.3. That bill proposes new negotiation authority be extended to the Secretary of Health and Human Services to establish drug prices and imposes limits on drug price inflation. The implementation of these policies is estimated to save the public sector almost half a trillion dollars a decade – yet at the same time declining pharmaceutical industry revenues are estimated to result in 30 fewer drugs over multiple decades. Thus, the dilemma facing policymakers is perceived to be that controlling drug prices now necessarily means fewer new drugs tomorrow. – Addressing the Trade-Off Between Lower Drug Prices and Incentives for Pharmaceutical Innovation

– Wen Sheng, Global Times: Consumer prices rocketed by 6.2 percent in October in the US, the fastest pace since 1990 and far above the Federal Reserve’s inflation target of two percent. The elevated prices are leading to rising concerns about diminished buying power among ordinary Americans, who are likely to hold President Joe Biden and his fellow Democrats accountable for their series of overspending programs. – Overspending, trade war by White House causing runaway inflation

USA-Africa: 

– Witney Schneidman, Kate McNulty, Natalie Dicharry, Brookings: The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) has served as the cornerstone of the U.S.-Africa commercial relationship for more than two decades but it is set to expire on September 30, 2025. – How the Biden administration can make AGOA more effective

USA-Israel:

– Middle East Eye: The United States will partner with Israel to combat ransomware, the Treasury Department announced on Sunday, with the two countries launching a joint task force to address cybersecurity. The task force will develop a memorandum of understanding supporting information sharing related to the financial sector, including cybersecurity regulations and threat intelligence, the department said. – US to partner with Israel to combat ransomware attacks

Yemen:

– Middle East Eye: Thousands of Yemenis have been displaced after Houthi forces advanced on the strategic port of Hodeida on Friday, the United Nations said. The Iran-aligned movement group seized a large area in Hodeida after forces loyal to the Yemeni government suddenly withdrew from the city’s main port in the west, the UN said. – Yemen: Thousands displaced after Houthis advance on Hodeida

Altre notizie e approfondimenti su The Global Eye

 

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