giovedì, Luglio 25, 2024

IL SUMMIT FOR DEMOCRACY VISTO DALL’INDIA

Diario geostrategico,  10 dicembre 2021

Buona lettura ! 

The Science of Where Magazine’s interviews:

– L’Intelligence tra rischio, cyber e passione. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Adriana Piancastelli Manganelli, OSINT Senior Analyst

– Towards sustainable AI. The Science of Where Magazine meets Abhishek Gupta, Founder and Principal Researcher, Montreal AI Ethics Institute

– The road to the “new normal” and the role of the G20. The Science of Where meets Priyadarshi Dash. Associate Professor at Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi, he has 14 years of experience in policy research on trade, investment, infrastructure and fintech issues in the context of G20, IORA, BIMSTEC and Indo-Pacific

– Governo dei dati tra geopolitica e tutela del cittadino. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Ivana Bartoletti, Global Chief Privacy Officer a WIPRO Technologies e Visiting Policy Fellow presso l’ Università di Oxford

– Tecnologia e responsabilità: uno snodo decisivo. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Federico Cabitza, Università di Milano-Bicocca

– Inside the ethics of artificial intelligence: for a decentralized approach. The Science of Where Magazine meets James Brusseau, Philosopher, Pace University

– L’intelligenza artificiale contro le discriminazioni sul lavoro. The Science of Where Magazine incontra Keith Sonderling, Commissioner del U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

– Gathering strenght, gathering storms. Visions on artificial intelligence. The Science of Where Magazine meets Michael Littman and Peter Stone

Today’s Choice

– Niranjan Sahoo, ORF: On 9 and 10 December, US President Joe Biden is slated to virtually host the much talked about international Summit for Democracy. The Summit aims to gather as many as 111 leaders from democratic nations, civil society, and influential thought makers “to set forth an affirmative agenda for democratic renewal and to tackle the greatest threats faced by democracies today through collective action”. The scale and magnitude of such a summit, exclusively on democracy and its related challenges, has no parallel in the recent memory. This is probably the biggest event to be kicked up by the 11-month-old Biden administration in an effort to “catalyse action toward the goal of renewing global democracy”. – Democracy summit: How India should approach

Africa

– Leo Holtz, Brookings: Africa relies heavily on imported pharmaceutical goods to support the region’s health care needs: As of 2019, as much as 70 to 90 percent of the drugs consumed in sub-Saharan Africa’s estimated $14 billion pharmaceutical market were imported. Moreover, Africa represents nearly 25 percent of global demand for vaccines but produces only 0.1 percent of the world’s vaccines. Within Africa, 99 percent of vaccine doses are imported, and, of the 1 percent (12 million doses) produced domestically, most are relegated to the final fill-and-finish steps. – Figure of the week: Africa’s trade in pharmaceuticals

AUKUS-Indo Pacific

– Harsh V.Pant, Rahul Kamath, ORF: The trilateral security partnership between Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States (AUKUS), announced on 15 September 2021, has instantly become a matter of interest, and controversy, in the Indo-Pacific, the region that is unfolding as a theatre for 21st century’s geopolitical affairs. Touted as Canberra’s biggest defence partnership in decades, the trilateral aims to strengthen the security arrangement in the Indo-Pacific along with the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue or the Quad.[1] This was made clear in their joint statement, which described the pact as a “historic opportunity for the three nations, with like-minded allies and partners, to protect shared values and promote security and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific region.” – AUKUS and the Indo-Pacific: Stakeholders Weigh their Wins and Losses

China

– Yoonhee Kim, Martin Raiser, Katherine Stapleton, Brookings: China’s rapid economic progress has been associated with a rapidly rising carbon footprint. The country now wonders how it can extend its economic bull run while achieving its ambitious climate goals. In this blog, we look at China’s climate challenge through the lens of urban planning. By embracing more populous and denser megacities, China could achieve higher economic efficiency and lower emissions at the same time. – Denser cities could help China reconcile economic and climate goals

China-USA

– Olivia Cheung, East Asia Forum: On 15 November 2021, Chinese President Xi Jinping and US President Joe Biden held their first virtual meeting. According to the White House’s readout, Biden told Xi that the two countries should establish ‘common sense guardrails to ensure that US–China competition does not veer into conflict and to keep lines of communication open’. Judging from the press release published by Xinhua, the Chinese state news agency, which is over six times the length of the White House’s readout, the precondition for any ‘common sense guardrails’ appears to be that Washington must treat China with ‘respect’. – Xi demands respect at the US–China virtual summit – ton

Forced Displacement

– World Bank: Over 80 million people, one percent of the globe’s population, have been forcibly displaced, the highest level on record (UNHCR 2020a). Displaced women fare worse on multiple fronts, as shown by the Women, Peace and Security Index, including employment access, cell phone access, financial inclusion and intimate partner violence (IPV) (GIWPS and PRIO 2021). The World Bank’s Gender Dimensions of Forced Displacement (GDFD) research program has drawn on survey data using innovative approaches to deepen the understanding of how forced displacement and gender inequality intersect, with a focus on IPV. Conflict and displacement affect every aspect of a woman’s life and, as this research highlights, increases her risk of abuse. This brief has documented how high levels of violence clearly prevent the realization of the Sustainable Development Goal of eliminating violence against women, while also posing a serious threat to individuals’ and communities’ ability to face and recover from any crisis. Our findings point to the urgency of financing, prioritizing, and programming to prevent, respond to, and mitigate risks of IPV throughout the conflict and displacement cycle. – Forced Displacement and Violence Against Women : A Policy Brief

Japan

– Jun Arima, East Asia Forum: As the world enters the implementation phase of the Paris Agreement, countries are increasingly under pressure to announce their 2050 carbon neutrality goals and update their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) for 2030. As of March 2021, more than 120 countries have pledged carbon neutrality by 2050. Last October, former prime minister Yoshihide Suga announced that Japan would aim to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. – Japan’s carbon neutrality challenge

Russia-China

– Paul Globe, The Jamestown Foundation: It is often said that most people have little difficulty living in huts until someone builds a castle nearby; then, the poverty they are experiencing becomes unbearable, and their anger at those in the castle will inevitably grow. That adage certainly holds true for the Russian Far East, where the population is running short of food, fuel and basic services even as Moscow profits off the area’s trade with China. Not surprisingly, the people in the region are angry at China and Moscow; yet much of their ire is also directed at those closer to home who are seemingly more concerned with making money for themselves than ensuring that the basic needs of local residents are met. Some of them are protesting, but many more are leaving, creating both short-term and long-term problems for the regional and federal authorities. – Moscow’s Trade With China Leaves Russians in the Far East Hungry, Cold and Angry

Russia-USA

– Pavel E. Felgenhauer, The Jamestown Foundation: The stakes were high when Presidents Joseph Biden of the United States and Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation held a two-hour, bilateral video-conference on December 7 (see EDM, December 8). Prior to the virtual summit, pro-Kremlin commentaries in Moscow warned of Russia and the West (i.e., the North Atlantic Treaty Organization—NATO) descending into deeper crisis, reacting to perceived threats and military actions by the other side with actions of their own, and heading in the direction of a possible regional war that could uncontrollably escalate into an all-European conflict—somewhat similar to the situation in 1914 that led to the outbreak of World War I (Izvestia, November 24). – Is a Russo-US De-Escalation Feasible?

Ukraine

– Vladimir Socor, The Jamestown Foundation: Presidents Joseph Biden of the United States and Vladimir Putin of Russia have agreed, in their December 7 video-dialogue (see EDM, December 8), to create working groups that would address Russia’s concerns regarding Ukraine’s place in the European security order. Those concerns directly relate to Ukraine’s choice of a Western orientation and its relationship with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the United States. – Ukraine in Play After Biden-Putin Discussion

USA

– David Wessel, Lorena Hernandez Barcena, Nasiha Salwati, Brookings: The lack of diversity in the economics profession has drawn increasing attention in recent years, but much of the focus has been on academic institutions. This report – an update of one we did in 2018 – looks at the diversity of the more than 2,200 Ph.D. economists employed by the federal government, including in the Federal Reserve System, the executive branch, and the research arms of Congress. – Gender and racial diversity of federal government economists: 2020 data

Altre notizie e approfondimenti su The Global Eye

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