venerdì, Febbraio 23, 2024

DIFESA FRANCESE, BIG DATA E INTELLIGENZA ARTIFICIALE

TORNA IN PRESENZA LA CONFERENZA ESRI 2022

TODAY’S FOCUS

July 11, 2022. Vivienne Machi, Defense News. The French Ministry of Defense approved the final phase of a new big-data and artificial-intelligence (AI) processing capability in development by Athea, a joint venture between Thales and Atos, to be delivered next year. France approves final phase of Artemis big-data processing platform

AROUND THE WORLD

Australia

  • July 12, 2022. , The Strategist. The most consequential gap in the climate policies of the Coalition government under Scott Morrison was not its weak commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions or its reluctance to accelerate the transition from fossil fuels to renewables, but rather its neglect of the security threats posed by climate change. Australia must get review of climate-change security risks right

BRICS

  • July 12, 2022. , Project-Syndicate, The Strategist. The recent virtual BRICS summit, which brought together the heads of state and government of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, was interesting as much for what didn’t happen as for what did. The two-day gathering was marked by some constructive discussion but also platitudes and pablum, and concluded with a grandly titled but thoroughly anodyne ‘Beijing declaration’. Are the BRICS crumbling?

Europe

  • July 11, 2022. Mateusz Kubiak, The Jamestown Foundation. On July 9, Canadian Minister of Natural Resources Jonathan Wilkinson announced that his country will return confiscated Nord Stream One turbines to Germany, providing Siemens with a temporary exemption from the existing sanctions regulations (La Presse, July 9). The equipment was seized by Canadian authorities, and the case has been used by Moscow to justify cutting natural gas supplies to Europe. According to Kremlin spokesperson Dmitriy Peskov, the return of the turbines should allow Gazprom to boost gas flows via Nord Stream One (1prime.ru, July 8). However, this may only happen after July 21, as the pipeline is annually shut off from July 11 to July 21 for maintenance. Despite Return of Nord Stream One Turbines, Europe Still Fears Winter Gas Shortages

India

  • July 12, 2022. By Niranjan Sahoo, ORF. The multiple crises besetting India’s justice delivery system are related to a large extent to what the Chief Justice calls “dilapidated” infrastructure. Indeed, it is empirically known that there is a positive correlation between adequacy of infrastructure—whether courtrooms, chambers, sanitation facilities, or digital connectivity—and productivity in the delivery of justice. This brief highlights the stark gaps in infrastructure in India’s district and subordinate courts, which struggle with pendency due to an acute shortage of basic infrastructure. It studies the shortcomings of the central scheme launched nearly 30 years ago to address precisely these gaps, and offers recommendations for overcoming the challenges. Improving India’s Justice Delivery System: Why Infrastructure Matters

Indonesia

  • July 12,  2022. Andreas Harsono, HRW. One would hope that an educational institution that learned of sexual assaults on campus would focus on holding perpetrators accountable and preventing further incidents rather than targeting the messenger. Not so the State Islamic Institute in Ambon (Institut Agama Islam Negeri Ambon, IAIN Ambon) in Indonesia’s Maluku province, which instead of recognizing and valuing a student magazine’s groundbreaking and thorough investigation, ordered its shutdown. Indonesian Islamic College Bans Magazine Reporting Sexual Abuse

Iran

  • July 12, 2022. HRW. Iranian authorities’ recent arrests of high-profile critics are part of a fresh crackdown on peaceful dissent, Human Rights Watch said today. The authorities arrested a reformist critic, Mostafa Tajzadeh, and two film directors, Mohammad Rasoulof and Mostafa Al-Ahmad, on July 9, 2022, followed on July 11, by another film director, Jafar Panahi. Iran: Arrest of High-Profile Critics

Israel – Saudi Arabia

  • July 11, 2022. Bruce Riedel, Brookings. Saudi Arabia has taken a complex approach to the recognition of Israel by several Arab countries in the Abraham Accords. It has a long history of clandestine cooperation with Israel against mutual enemies. Recently, it has said public recognition of Israel will come only if there is movement to resolve the Palestinian conflict and create a two-state solution. But the kingdom has tolerated and even abetted the development of diplomatic and military ties between some of its closest allies and Israel. How to understand Israel and Saudi Arabia’s secretive relationship

Japan

  • July 12, 2022. Aurelia George Mulgan, East Asia Forum. Tributes have been flowing for former Japanese prime Minister Shinzo Abe who was assassinated on 8 July. He is being remembered for his many policy achievements both domestic and foreign, for his global leadership and for the warm and memorable relations that he built with past and present world leaders — including Narendra Modi, Malcolm Turnbull, Donald Trump, Joe Biden Jr. and even Xi Jingping. Many key figures, including Vladimir Putin, whom Abe made a special effort to cultivate, have joined the chorus of those publicly mourning his passing. Shinzo Abe’s special legacy
  • July 11, 2022. Christopher B. Johnstone, Nicholas Szechenyi, Yuko Nakano, CSIS. Japan, still in shock after the assassination of former prime minister Shinzo Abe on July 8, held an election for the House of Councillors (Upper House) on July 10. Japan’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and its coalition partner Komeito retained a majority in the chamber. The ruling coalition, led by Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, will not face another national election for three years, opening a window of political stability for Kishida to advance a policy agenda emphasizing economic revitalization, increased defense spending, and robust diplomacy with the United States and other partners to address an array of regional and global challenges. Japan’s Upper House Election: Kishida Clears Another Hurdle

NATO – Turkey

  • July 12, 2022. Galip Dalay, Chatham House. With NATO’s new Strategic Concept being designed to address a global security environment defined by the great power competition, it was key for Ankara to ensure that the issue of terrorism was not de-emphasized, and so the fact this remained a major part within it was a win for Turkey. Turkey gains much from NATO, but a rocky road lies ahead

Pacific Islands

Russia – Ukraine

  • July 11, 2022. Pavel K. Baev, The Jamestown Foundation. Russia’s attack on Ukraine has clearly lost momentum, but the intensity of its multi-prong confrontation with the West keeps rising. Russian military command announced an “operational pause” in Donbas after the hard battles for Severodonetsk and Lysychansk, implicitly admitting that a regrouping of battalions, which have not been rotated in four months of fighting, is necessary before the push to Slovyansk (Izvestiya, July 7). Russian Assault on World Order Falters and Fails
  • July 11, 2022. Karolina Hird, Kateryna Stepanenko, Grace Mappes, and Frederick W. Kagan, ISW. Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko is likely continuing to grant Russian forces access to Belarusian airspace to demonstrate at least nominal support to Russian President Vladimir Putin without risking direct military involvement of Belarusian Armed Forces in operations in Ukraine.Deputy Chief of the Main Operational Department of the Ukrainian General Staff Oleksiy Gromov previously reported on July 7 that the Belarusian government transferred use of the Pribytki airfield in Gomel Oblast to Russia. Independent Belarusian monitoring organization The Hajun Project similarly reported on July 11 that a Russian Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) aircraft flew into Belarusian airspace for the first time since April 4. The Hajun Project noted that the Belarusian government introduced new airspace restrictions along the border with Ukraine where the AWACS aircraft patrolled between July 10 and 11. Taken together, these data points likely indicate that Lukashenko is attempting to provide support to Putin’s war in Ukraine short of direct Belarusian military intervention in an effort to respond to the pressure Putin is likely putting on him. As ISW has previously assessed, the likelihood of direct Belarusian involvement in the war in Ukraine remains low due to the effect that might have on the stability and even survival of Lukashenko’s regime. Russian Offensive Campaign Update, July 11
  • July 11, 2022. Atlantic Council. It’s the war that was both eminently predictable and roundly unpredicted. If ever there has been a conflict that underscored the urgent need in the policy world for strategic foresight, it’s the one currently raging in Ukraine. For months, our foresight experts have been projecting how the war could break out and, once it did, how it could unfold next. In this latest installment, Barry Pavel, Peter Engelke, and Jeffrey Cimmino revisit their March forecasts for four different scenarios. Four (updated) ways the war in Ukraine might end

South Korea – Indo Pacific

  • July 11, 2022. By Seungjoo Lee, East Asia Forum. Strategic competition between the United States and China has dramatically revealed the vulnerabilities of the ideological and institutional foundations of globalisation. The Biden administration is actively promoting the ‘reshoring’ of production to contain China and alleviate supply chain vulnerabilities. It is also fostering high-tech cooperation with allies and partners — a policy from which South Korea has emerged as a key player. South Korea ventures into its Indo-Pacific strategy

Sri Lanka – India

  • July 12, 2022. N. Sathiya Moorthy, ORF. Less than 24 hours after the successful ‘struggle’, or ‘Aragalaya’ in Sinhala that had caused greater political uncertainty than earlier, Indian High Commissioner Gopal Bagalay was sitting with Sri Lankan Agriculture Minister Mahinda Amaraweera, formally handing over a 40,000-tonne consignment of chemical fertilisers that India was supplying as a part of the line-of-credit to help tide over the island-nation’s unprecedented food crisis, which was only a part of the continuing economic calamity. According to reports, the minister was waiting for the formal diplomatic meeting before putting in his papers. What do Sri Lanka’s protests mean for India?

USA

USA – Middle East

  • July 12, 2022. Tobias Borck, RUSI. The global energy crisis and tensions over Iran’s nuclear programme loom large as the US president travels to meet Middle Eastern leaders. Biden Goes to the Middle East

TOPICS

Cities

Cybersecurity

  • July 12, 2022. , Info Security. Lithuanian energy company Ignitis Group was hit by what it described as its “biggest cyber-attack in a decade” on Saturday when numerous distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks were aimed at it, disrupting its digital services and websites.  Lithuanian Energy Firm Disrupted by DDOS Attack
  • July 12, 2022. , Info Security. For online shoppers, Amazon Prime Day has become an annual retail event, an opportunity to pick up bargains and save money. However for hackers, it’s also an opportunity to target consumers eager to secure a deal. Spike in Amazon Prime Scams Expected
  • July 12, 2022. , Info Security. A new poll released by Ipsos has found that 84% of adults in the UK are concerned about harmful content online, while 68% want more action taken by social media platforms on hot button issues like racism, homophobia, self-harm and misogyny on their platforms. Majority Want Limitations on Social Media Content

Defense, Military, Space

  • July 12, 2022. Naval News. Austal USA celebrated the start of construction on the company’s first steel ship on July 11, 2022 – a U.S. Navy Navajo Class Towing, Salvage, and Rescue Ship (T-ATS 11). Austal starts construction on the first steel ship
  • July 12, 2022.
  • July 12, 2022. Peter Layton, The Interpreter. China continues to double down on its dangerous intercept of an Australian maritime surveillance aircraft flying in international air space in the South China Sea. China’s Ministry of National Defence spokesman Senior Colonel Tan Kefei recently declared “it is completely unreasonable to send military planes to the door of others [and] those who come uninvited shall bear the consequences”.  Notably, this threat was not about flying through “the door” but near to it. China claims a huge sweep of the South China Sea under its so-called nine-dash line, and while found legally unsound by the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, China remains fixated on trying to make its claim real. Answering China’s South China Sea flying safety challenge
  • July 12, 2022.
  • July 11, 2022. Sandra Erwin, Space News. Former vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff John Hyten said he worries the DoD bureaucracy and congressional overseers are making it difficult for the U.S. Space Force to acquire new technologies at the pace that is needed to keep up with adversaries.  Hyten: Space Force ‘hasn’t cracked the code’ on faster acquisitions
  • July 11, 2022. Robbin Laird, Breaking Defense. For years, there has been little room for argument that Finland is laser focused on how to defend its territory. The Finns have a long history of living with the Russians including a century of being part of the Russian Empire itself (1809-1917). Knowing the Russians as well as they do, they are organized to prepare when necessary to defend their nation against their big neighbor when a crisis erupts. Finland, in NATO and with the F-35, forms a powerful challenge to Russia
  • July 11, 2022. Tara Copp, Defense One. Mere months ago, Ukraine’s space program struggled to compete for funding and wasn’t seen as integral to national defense–but that’s completely changed now, the former head of its space agency said at the Space Innovation Summit on Monday.  Five Space Lessons Russia’s Invasion Taught Ukraine
  • July 11, 2022. Patrick Tucker, Defense One. Open source software has a mixed reputation for security, yet it drives commercial space enterprises such as SpaceX and Starlink—and increasingly, U.S. military space efforts. But Lauren Barrett Knausenberger, the Air Force’s chief information officer, says her service has taken steps to keep key data safe.  Space Runs on Open Source Software. The US Air Force Is Fine With That
  • July 11, 2022. Jacqueline Feldscher, Defense One. U.S. military aid for Ukraine could dry up if Republicans retake control of the House or Senate in the November midterm elections, conservative analysts predict.  Will Republicans Cut Off Ukraine?
  • July 11, 2022. Vladimir Socor, The Jamestown Foundation. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) had blocked Ukraine’s membership track long before Russia’s 2022 re-invasion of Ukraine. The summit in Madrid (June 28–30) changed nothing in this respect. While the proverbial door remained open to Ukraine in theory, the path to it was blocked in practice by certain Western members, shaping the Alliance’s collective position on this issue at the lowest common denominator. Since US President Joe Biden’s administration joined the naysayers in 2021, NATO has stopped referencing Ukraine’s membership as an explicit goal in the Alliance’s official documents. It merely references, in the abstract, Ukraine’s sovereign right to choose its own security arrangements. Summit Shows NATO’s Limited Relevance to Ukraine (Part Two)

Digital & Tech

  • July 12, 2022. Kyle Wiggers, TechCrunch. After more than a year of planning and training, a volunteer-led project has produced an open source language model that they claim is as powerful as OpenAI’s GPT-3, but free and open for anyone to use (if they have the computing power). Dubbed Bloom, the model is available in open source along with the code and datasets used to create it. Brooklyn-based AI startup Hugging Face has released a free web app that lets anyone try Bloom without having to download it. A year in the making, BigScience’s AI language model is finally available
  • July 12, 2022. Sayuri Shirai, East Asia Forum. Like many other central banks, the Bank of Japan (BOJ) has conducted Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) experiments since 2021 to test the technical feasibility of the core functions and features of a retail CBDC ecosystem. The second phase of testing began in April 2022. Central Bank Digital Currency cast aside as cash reigns king in Japan
  • July 12, 2022. Kyle Wiggers, TechCrunch. Edge computing is seeing an explosion of interest as enterprises process more data at the edge of their networks. According to a 2021 survey (albeit from an edge computing services vendor), 77% of companies said that they expect to see more spending for edge projects in 2022. But while some organizations stand to benefit from edge computing, which refers to the practice of storing and analyzing data near the end-user, not all have a handle of what it requires. Managing a fleet of edge devices across locations can be a burden on IT teams that lack the necessary infrastructure. Scale Computing secures $55M to help companies manage edge infrastructure
  • July 12, 2022. Natasha Lomas, TechCrunch. Research examining default settings and terms & conditions offered to minors by social media giants TikTok, WhatsApp and Instagram across 14 different countries — including the US, Brazil, Indonesia and the UK — has found the three platforms do not offer same level of privacy and safety protections for children across all the markets where they operate. Children’s rights groups call out TikTok’s ‘design discrimination’
  • July 12, 2022. HRW. The overwhelming majority of education technology (EdTech) products endorsed by 49 governments of the world’s most populous countries and analyzed by Human Rights Watch appear to have surveilled or had the capacity to surveil children in ways that risked or infringed on their rights, Human Rights Watch said today. Human Rights Watch released technical evidence and easy-to-view privacy profiles for 163 EdTech products recommended for children’s learning during the pandemic. Online Learning Products Enabled Surveillance of Children

Energy

  • July 12, 2022. World Nuclear News. NuScale Power and Paragon Energy Solutions have signed a patent licence agreement that will enable potential widespread use of the highly integrated protection system (HIPS) platform. The HIPS platform is a protection system architecture jointly developed by NuScale and Rock Creek Innovations, a company acquired by Paragon in December 2021. NuScale to make SMR safety platform widely available : Corporate
  • July 12, 2022. World Nuclear News. Tularosa Basin Range Services (TBRS) has been awarded a contract worth up to about USD3 billion by the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) to manage and operate the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) transuranic waste disposal site in New Mexico. The contract replaces that held by Nuclear Waste Partnership, which expires at the end of September. Bechtel affiliate awarded WIPP management contract : Waste & Recycling

Global

  • July 12, 2022. , The Strategist. World politics has reached an ominous phase of polarisation. The struggle between the US-led democracies and the Russo-Chinese-led autocracies primarily underpins this development. Yet there’s also another dangerous dimension to it: the emergence of close relations between the autocratic powers and such extremist theocratic forces as the Taliban in Afghanistan. The West is facing a new alliance of autocracies and theocracies
  • July 12, 2022. Valdai Discussion Club. On July 11, the Valdai Club hosted an expert discussion dedicated to the meeting of the G20 foreign ministers.  Oleg Barabanov, Programme Director of the Valdai Discussion Club, acted as moderator. He said, that this year, due to geopolitical problems, the work of the G20 had become too politicised, but this did not cancel the usual agenda of the forum, which this time focused on the formation of a global healthcare architecture, as well as the digital and green transformation. G20: Important World Issues and Attempts by the West to Impose Its Narrative
  • July 11, 2022. Brookings. Douglas Rediker, founding partner of International Capital Strategies and a nonresident senior fellow at Brookings, discusses a range of global economic challenges that G7 leaders tackled in their recent summit in Germany. These include a U.S. proposal to cap the price of Russian energy exports (and why Rediker is skeptical about it); Russia’s default on sovereign debt and the risk of debt default in developing countries; the role of Chinese lending in developing economies; and the enormous cost of rebuilding Ukraine and who might bear it. Post-G7 summit, a time of great uncertainty in the global economy

Health & Digital

  • July 11, 2022. Lauren C. Williams, Defense One. The Army wants to dramatically change the way it provides health care to soldiers by accelerating research in a variety of emerging technologies, from using quantum computing that can better detect and treat chronic illnesses to developing synthetic blood, according to newly released plans.  Army’s New Plan to ‘Transform’ Soldier Health Care with Technology
  • July 11, 2022. Samantha Lai, Brookings. Two years into the COVID-19 pandemic, emergency orders and pandemic-era flexibilities for telehealth are quickly expiring, thus ending the many conveniences of telehealth that people benefited from. Moreover, the digital divide reared its ugly head, and there are thousands of citizens—especially those on the wrong side of health equity—who do not have either broadband or an internet-enabled device to partake in this digital health care economy. TechTank Podcast Episode 48: How do we center equity in the future of telehealth?

Vedi il nostro docufilm – Talking Milan. Milano si racconta – TALKING MILAN-MILANO SI RACCONTA. LA “SCIENZA DEL DOVE” DIVENTA PRODOTTO TELEVISIVO

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