venerdì, Marzo 1, 2024

IL RISCHIO NUCLEARE

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July 18, 2022. , The Strategist. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, it’s fair to say, has already profoundly shaped the global discourse on nuclear weapons. In the deliberations at the inaugural meeting of the states parties of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Vienna last month, the Ukraine war cast a long shadow over the utility and limits of nuclear weapons as a deterrent and as a tool of coercive diplomacy, the wisdom of having given them up, the incentives to either acquire them or shelter under another country’s nuclear umbrella and, above all, the cataclysmic risks of an all-out nuclear war that no one wants but everyone dreads. How much damage have Putin’s threats done to the nuclear non-proliferation regime?

AROUND THE WORLD

Japan

  • July 18, 2022. Donna Weeks, The Interpreter. From the breaking news notification in Japanese media around 11:30 in the morning on 8 July to vision a few days later of his hearse driving by the institutions of party and government in Tokyo’s political district Nagatacho that Abe Shinzo was shaped by and that he ultimately re-shaped during his tenure as Prime Minister, the sense of shock across the nation remained palpable. The shadow of Abe
  • July 18, 2022. East Asia Forum. On 8 July 2022, former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was gunned down while giving a campaign speech in support of candidates for the 10 July upper house election. The killing of Japan’s longest serving prime minister shocked Japan and the world, and cast a sombre shadow over the election. Shinzo Abe’s legacy
  • July 17, 2022.  Fuma Aoki and Yves Tiberghien, East Asia Forum. Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s initial easing of COVID-19 restrictions was dramatically reversed following the arrival of Omicron in late November 2021. He most notably shut down the Japanese border — bucking the trend of reopening in East Asia and causing consternation abroad. Is Japan ready to reopen its borders?
  • July 17, 2022. Yusaku Yoshikawa, East Asia Forum. On 10 June 2022, Japan finally started allowing international tourists into the country for the first time in two years after the COVID-19 pandemic began. Seeking to balance its reopening and preventing the spread of infection, the Japanese government requires all tourists to wear face masks, and to be privately insured and chaperoned. The prospects of Japan’s post-pandemic tourism

Japan – India

  • July 16, 2022. Shashank Mattoo, ORF. As the votes came in, they confirmed what many had known. The LDP had triumphed in Japan’s Upper House elections and had paved the way to the great white whale of national politics: A revision of Japan’s pacifist post-war constitution. However, celebrations, if any, were muted. The death of former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe cast a heavy pall over the proceedings. Even as the slain leader’s body made its way back to Tokyo, observers at home and abroad began to speculate about the implications of Abe’s assassination for Japan and the world. After Abe: Implications for India
  • July 16, 2022.  Rajeswari (Raji) Pillai Rajagopalan, ORF. Abe’s role and legacy in transforming Japan’s role in global affairs, as well as in enhancing India-Japan ties, cannot be emphasized enough. Abe Shinzo’s Indo-Pacific Legacy

Pacific

USA

  • July 18, 2022. , Project-Syndicate, The Strategist. US President Joe Biden has framed America’s confrontation with China and Russia as an open-ended contest between democracy and autocracy. If that’s true, an American victory will depend not only on the country’s ability to outcompete its adversaries, but also on its success at safeguarding democracy at home. Can America’s ailing democracy continue to hold global sway?

USA – Red Sea

  • July 16, 2022. Sankalp Gurjar, Vivek Mishra, ORF. Two recent developments underscore the resurgent geopolitics of the Red Sea which is caught between great power politics and regional rivalries.  The United States (US) decision to establish a new multinational task force to focus on preventing the smuggling of arms and narcotics in and around the waters of Yemen; and the Iranian decision to bolster its presence in the Red Sea region point to opposite trends that may intensify the geopolitics of the Red Sea. The US and changing geopolitics of the Red Sea

USA – Taiwan

  • July 15, 2022. Harshit Sharma, VIF. The American policy of Strategic Ambiguity towards the “Taiwan Question” profoundly impacts stability in the Taiwan Strait. The United States of America has been following this policy to foster the maintenance of the status quo between the two countries across the Strait for a long time now. Strategic ambiguity discourages the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan) from taking unilateral military actions and effectively helps in maintaining the status quo. However, since the dynamics of the China-Taiwan-U.S. triangle have started changing enormously, the author opines that the long-standing American policy of strategic ambiguity can no longer be deployed by the United States to foster the status quo between the two countries across the Strait and maintain peace in the region, but a renewed policy of strategic clarity can. A Case for the USA to Embrace Strategic Clarity in the Taiwan Strait

Yemen

TOPICS

Cybersecurity

  • July 18, 2022. , Info Security. As cyber-criminals constantly adapt their attack methods, SecOps teams are under increased pressure to keep businesses secure against emerging threats. The pressure of dealing with the constant onslaught of attacks is exacerbated when working with siloed technologies in teams that are often stretched too thin. #HowTo: Overcome Burnout in Cybersecurity Teams
  • July 18, 2022. , Info Security. Most global organizations aren’t fully confident in the effectiveness of their security controls in the public cloud, despite storing sensitive data there, according to a new Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) study. Public Cloud Customers Admit Security Challenges

Defense, Military, Security, Space

  • July 18, 2022. Lauren C. Williams, Nextgov. The House passed its version of the annual national defense authorization bill 329-101 late Thursday with several new tech amendments packed into the massive policy legislation.  A Look At Tech Amendments In The 2023 House NDAA
  • July 18, 2022. H I Sutton, Naval News. The future of aircraft carriers is assured. Tomorrow’s oceans will be more complex and contested, with new threats emerging. Yet the carrier will continue to provide unrivaled conventional superiority to the few navies which can operate them. Only the United States, China and France are building the largest and most capable category of carriers, the Super Carrier. U.S. Navy, China And France’s Future Aircraft Carriers Compared
  • July 17, 2022. Jeff Foust, Space News. Firefly Aerospace is preparing for the second launch of its Alpha rocket in late August or early September, hoping that a successful mission can enable a “step change” in activity for the company. Firefly gears up for second Alpha launch
  • July 18, 2022. Breaking Defense. The UK’s wonderful airshows this summer are the next milestones on the countdown toward historic new strides in British and European aviation – an adventure playing out nowhere else in the world. UK Protector leads MQ-9B development in Europe
  • July 17. 2022.  By Valerie Insinna, Breaking Defense. Over the past several years, Boeing’s defense business has racked up billions of dollars in cost overruns on fixed-price contracts like the KC-46 tanker and new Air Force One planes. But while the unit’s new chief executive declined to say for certain that company will be less aggressive in offering low-ball bids for future programs, he said it does plan to “take a different approach” in some cases based on lessons learned from past mistakes. New Boeing Defense CEO signals ‘different approach’ in future fixed-price contracts
  • July 17, 2022. Ma Xiu, Peter W. Singer, Defense One. A future in which China is the world’s dominant scientific power fills the imagination of leaders in both East and West. In Beijing, China has entered its latest policy-planning period, the 14th Five-Year Plan. Building on strong performance in common science-and-technology indicators and advances in cutting-edge areas such as AI, quantum computing, and hypersonic flight, China is now striving to achieve two of the remaining milestones outlined in its 2016 Innovation-Driven Development Strategy: joining the front rank of innovative countries by 2035 and becoming a “global scientific great power” by 2050.  China’s Roadblocks to Becoming A Science Superpower
  • July 17, 2022. Marcus Weisgerber, Defense One. Boeing is making investments to build new combat fighters, even though it hasn’t designed a front-line warplane in more than three decades, the company’s new defense boss said. Boeing’s Fighter Jet Business Is Not Dead Yet, New Defense Boss Says
  • July 18, 2022. Sohini Bose, Anasua Basu Ray Chaudhury, Harsh V. Pant, ORF. The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is standing on the threshold of a new inning, as it marks its 25th year in 2022. The past months have been momentous for BIMSTEC, as it adopted a charter at the fifth Summit Meeting in March to outline a clearer purpose for the organisation. During the summit, BIMSTEC rationalised its 14 diverse sectors of cooperation into seven core areas of interest, including Security. As competition for resources like energy heightens, BIMSTEC must ramp up its efforts to ensure security in the hydrocarbon-rich Bay. It must also deal with the other threats to this maritime space, such as transnational crime and natural disasters that are growing in intensity because of climate change. This brief reimagines BIMSTEC’s agenda on regional security and its priorities in the immediate future. BIMSTEC on the Cusp: Regional Security in Focus
  • July 18, 2022. Abhijnan Rej, The Interpreter. If there is a cumulative lesson from the past few years, it’s that the era of “polycrises” is firmly upon us. A polycrisis is defined as the net effect from the non-linear interaction of many systemic risks spanning several natural and human-designed systems. One is playing out right in front of our eyes, whereby the economic effects of Covid-19 have amplified – and in turn, have been amplified by – those flowing from Vladimir Putin’s naked aggression, seriously rattling global commodities markets. Coupled with the worsening effects of climate change, the two shocks, cutting across systems, could lead to a dramatic upsurge in global hunger, United Nations agencies warned last month. That, in turn, could potentially trigger serious social unrest across the world, analysts fear. The Quad needs a futures focus

Digital & Tech 

  • July 18, 2022. Aisha Malik, TechCrunch. Snap announced today that it’s introducing Snapchat for Web to let users send snaps and chat with friends via video calls all from their desktops. To start, Snapchat for Web will be available to Snapchat+ subscribers in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. After the initial launch, the company plans to roll out Snapchat for Web to Snapchat+ subscribers in France, Germany, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, before making it accessible to all users around the world. Snap launches Snapchat for Web to bring the app’s core features to desktop

Energy

  • July 18, 2022. World Nuclear News. Westinghouse Electric Company has been awarded an engineering contract by Norwegian Nuclear Decommissioning (NND) to plan the decommissioning of the country’s two nuclear research reactors, located in Halden and Kjeller. The three-year agreement includes options up to six years and is valued up to NOK1 billion (USD99 million). Westinghouse to help decommission Norwegian research reactors : Waste & Recycling
  • July 18, 2022. World Nuclear News. The Environment Agency has launched a four-week public consultation on NNB Generation Company (HPC) Limited’s decision to store used nuclear fuel at the Hinkley Point C nuclear power plant under construction in Somerset, England, in a dry storage facility rather than a wet facility as originally planned. Dry used fuel storage facility now planned for HPC : New Nuclear

Health & Digital

  • July 18, 2022. Shania Kennedy, Health IT Analytics. NewYork-Presbyterian, with physicians from its affiliated medical schools, Weill Cornell Medicine and Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (Columbia University VP&S), is collaborating with Cornell Tech and the Cornell Ann S. Bowers College of Computing and Information Science (Cornell Bowers CIS) to improve cardiovascular care with artificial intelligence (AI). $15M Collaboration Aims to Advance Cardiovascular Care with Analytics, AI

Global

  • July 16, 2022. Navdeep Suri, ORF. The emergence of this new grouping is clearly an outcome of the Abraham Accords of Aug 2020 and the possibilities that they have created for Israel and the UAE to be on the same platform with India and the US. As President Biden moves to Saudi Arabia for the second leg of his visit to West Asia, we are likely to see a push towards integrating Israel through trade, technology, direct flights and people-to-people contact even with countries where full diplomatic ties may take some time to mature. I2U2 brings hi-tech food, clean energy projects

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