mercoledì, Agosto 10, 2022

CONNETTIVITA’ NEL PACIFICO. UNA QUESTIONE GEOSTRATEGICA

FOCUS

July 28, 2022. Melissa Conley Tyler and Alexandre Dayant, East Asia Forum. Investment in Pacific infrastructure has become an area of geopolitical competition. The landscape includes multilateral development banks, China’s Belt and Road Initiative, the Australian Infrastructure Financing Facility for the Pacific (AIFFP) and minilateral initiatives such as the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue. In this crowded space, Australia should take an approach that judges proposed infrastructure investments by their impact on service delivery. The exception is in the physical infrastructure required to build Pacific digital connectivity. Changing the conversation on Pacific infrastructure

AROUND THE WORLD

Astana Peace Process – Syria

  • July 27, 2022. Vali Kaleji, The Jamestown Foundation. Three days after US President Joe Biden’s trip to the Middle East, Tehran hosted Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on July 19. This tripartite meeting was held within the framework of the seventh summit of the heads of states of the Astana Peace Process for Syria. The three parties announced that the next meeting will be held in Russia before the end of 2022. But what were the motivations of Turkey, Russia and Iran in attending the summit? And what are the summit’s consequences on the Syrian crisis? 7th Summit of the Astana Peace Process in Tehran: Implications for the Syrian Crisis

Belarus

  • July 27, 2022. Grigory Ioffe, The Jamestown Foundation. Within the span of a couple of days (July 20–21), a number of major Belarusian commentators made suggestive public statements: President Alyaksandr Lukashenka gave an hour-long interview to Agence France-Presse; Svetlana Tikhanovskaya made a speech at the Berlin-based ceremony devoted to the 78th anniversary of the assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler; Belarusian Popular Front Founder Zianon Pazniak was interviewed by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL); and, finally, two of the most influential and active opposition-minded analysts, Ryhor Astapenia and Artyom Shraibman, also shared their judgments with RFE/RL. Whose Judgments on Belarus Deserve Attention?

Germany

Japan

  • July 27, 2022. Kazuhiko Togo, East Asia Forum. The assassination of former prime minister Shinzo Abe on 8 July 2022 was a shock for Japan, but the longest-tenured head of government after World War II leaves behind a significant legacy. Carrying the torch of Abe’s legacy

Libya

  • July 27, 2022. The Libya Observer. The British Ambassador to Libya, Caroline Hurndall, has commended lifting the force majeure on the oil ports, saying this will contribute to advancing the economic development wheel in Libya. UK welcomes lifting force majeure on oil ports in Libya
  • July 27, 2022. The Libya Observer. Identical sources confirmed that a meeting was held Tuesday night by military and security leaders from Tripoli, Misrata, Al-Zawiya and Zintan was successful in reaching a preliminary agreement to demobilize forces from contact-line positions in west Tripoli and to avoid engaging in clashes, allowing security patrol personnel to position in the area. Meeting for Libyan military and security leaders puts an end to tensions in Tripoli

Libya-China

  • July 27, 2022. The Libya Observer. The Deputy Foreign Minister for International Cooperation and Organizations, Omar Keti, received, in his office at the Foreign Ministry in Tripoli, Wang Zhimin, the Chargé d’affaires of China in Libya.  Libya, China review ways of boosting relations

Mali

Nicaragua

Pacific

Russia – Ukraine

  • July 27, 2022. Ihor Kabanenko, The Jamestown Foundation. On July 22, Ukrainian representatives signed the Initiative on Safe Transportation of Grain and Food Products from Ukrainian Ports with Turkey and the United Nations secretary-general in Istanbul (Pravda.com.ua, July 22). Ukraine’s agreement was concluded with Ankara and the UN, but not with Moscow, and provides for grain transportation from three Ukrainian Black Sea seaports—Odesa, Chornomorsk and Pivdennyi—for 120 days with the possibility of extension. Russia, represented by Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, signed a similar, but separate, agreement. The Kremlin signed its respective accord with Turkey and the UN before Kyiv signed its initiative. Export of Ukrainian Grain Through Seaports: Opportunities and Risks
  • July 27, 2022. Kateryna Stepanenko, Grace Mappes, Katherine Lawlor, George Barros, and Frederick W. Kagan, ISW. Russian forces appear able to sustain only two significant offensive operations in Ukraine at this time, one attempting to seize Siversk and the other advancing on Bakhmut. These operations have focused on advances in the Siversk, Donetsk Oblast, direction from Verkhnokamianka and Bilohorivka and in the Bakhmut direction from the areas of Novoluhanske and the Vuhlehirska Thermal Power Plant since the end of the operational pause on July 16. Russian forces have committed enough resources to conduct near-daily ground assaults and to seize territory on these two axes but have been unable to sustain a similar offensive operational tempo or to make similar territorial gains elsewhere in Ukraine. The Russian offensive, therefore, remains likely to culminate before seizing any other major urban areas in Ukraine. Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, July 27

Syria

  • July 28, 2022. The Syrian Observer. The Syrian Opposition Coalition (SOC) received a delegation from the U.S.-based Syrian Emergency Task Force and the M Night Shyamalan Foundation. The two sides discussed the latest field and political developments in Syria and the important role of the Syrian communities in the U.S. in supporting the Syrian cause and conveying the Syrian people’s voice to the public opinion. SOC Meets with Delegation from U.S.-based Syrian Emergency Task Force
  • July 28, 2022. The Syrian Observer. Hassakeh Governor, Louay Sayouh, said that the practices of the U.S. and Turkish occupation reflect negatively and directly on the daily lives of the people of the governorate. They are weakening and hampering the efforts of vital sectors, especially the water sector. UNICEF Representative Visits Hassakeh

USA

  • July 27, 2022. Salil Mitra and Brian Sack, Brookings. The U.S. Treasury makes regular decisions about the issuance patterns of its debt securities with the objective of meeting the financing needs of the government at the lowest cost of servicing the debt over time. The overall level of outstanding debt is beyond the direct control of the Treasury, as it is determined by federal budget deficits resulting from legislative decisions and economic developments. However, the Treasury exercises full control over the structure of that debt through its decisions on the pattern of issuance across different types of securities and different maturity points. Projecting the structure of US Treasury debt

USA – Guyana

  • July 27, 2022. CSIS. Please join the CSIS Americas Program for a discussion on strengthening the U.S.-Guyana bilateral relationship with Guyana’s President Mohamed Irfaan Ali. The United States and Guyana have a deep-rooted history of trade, public health initiatives, economic development, and collaboration to empower civil society, promote stability, and reinforce security. According to the International Monetary Fund, Guyana’s economy is the fastest growing in the world. Its economy is forecast to grow this year at roughly 47% with a projected GDP of $9.5 billion. Additionally, Guyana serves as a gateway to Caribbean trade development as it is home to the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) secretariat. As Guyana’s largest trading partner, the United States should work closely with Guyana to fortify democratic institutions, trade, and regional cooperation. A stronger relationship between the U.S. and Guyana is vital for the development of economies, trade policies, and humanitarian action. Strengthening the Guyana–U.S. Relationship

TOPICS

Climate Change & Sustainability

  • July 27, 2022. Amar BhattacharyaHomi Kharas, and John W. McArthur, Brookings. Despite the widespread economic strains caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and related crises, advanced economy governments have increasingly been emphasizing “green” economic growth strategies to tackle climate change while promoting both recovery and future prosperity. This is a welcome and long overdue shift. In 2020, for example, the European Union launched the European Green Deal; the U.K. government launched a Green Industrial Revolution; and the government of Japan launched a Green Growth Strategy. In the United States—the world’s largest economy—President Joe Biden took office in 2021 promising a Green New Deal. Across the OECD, these and other plans set large-scale ambitions to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions while promoting jobs, innovation, and long-term economic growth. Why developing country voices will shape the global climate agenda

Cybersecurity

  • July 27, 2022. , Infosecurity. A database containing 5.4m Twitter users’ data is reportedly for sale on a popular criminal forum. Twitter is investigating the issue, which the seller said exploited a vulnerability in its systems reported in January. Cyber-Criminal Offers 5.4m Twitter Users’ Data

Defense – Intelligence – Military – Security – Space

  • July 27, 2022. Naval News. An MQ-9B SeaGuardian Unmanned Aircraft System from General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc. (GA-ASI) is under contract with the U.S. Navy to support the Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) 2022 exercise. MQ-9B SeaGuardian Supports RIMPAC 2022
  • July 27, 2022. Breaking Defense. The White House raised eyebrows earlier this month when a senior official claimed Russia may try to obtain “hundreds” of UAVs from its Middle Eastern ally Iran. In the op-ed below, The Foundation for Defense of Democracies’ John Hardie, Ryan Brobst and Behnam Ben Taleblu analyze what Iran has to offer, and how it could impact the war in Ukraine. Iranian drones could make Russia’s military more lethal in Ukraine
  • July 27, 2022. Douglas A. Birkey, Defense News. America’s hypersonic enterprise appears to be crossing a key juncture this summer. After years of struggle, including numerous test failures, programs like the Air-launched Rapid Response Weapon and Hypersonic Air-breathing Weapon Concept appear to be hitting their strides — including full-up test flights at hypersonic speed. The hypersonic race: A case for guarded optimism
  • July 27, 2022. Caitlin M. Kenney, Defense One. The U.S. Navy’s planned fleet of 2045 will require annual real budget increases of 3 to 5 percent, according to the Navy’s top officer, who called that a “realistic” schedule for amassing the 500 hyperconnected manned and unmanned vessels that national security will require. Navy Fleet Plan Needs 3-5% Annual Budget Increases for the Next Two Decades
  • July 28, 2022. , The Strategist. China has reacted strongly to Australia’s intention to acquire a fleet of nuclear-powered submarines under the AUKUS agreement with the US and UK. Since the announcement in September, Beijing has taken a stance of lofty and profound opposition to this development, labelling it provocative, destabilising, betraying Australia’s slavish adherence to America’s strategic posture of containing China’s rise, weakening the barriers to the further proliferation of nuclear weapons in the Indo-Pacific and hinting that Australia likely intends to be among the first new nuclear-weapon states in the region. What China’s condemnation of AUKUS says about Beijing
  • July 27, 2022. CSIS. As countries prepare for the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) Review Conference next month, increased competition between regional and global powers, the pace of technological development and the collapse of long-standing agreements present more challenges to arms control and global strategic order than ever before. In this increasing vacuum, the potential for misunderstanding and miscalculation grows. Please join us as the UK’s National Security Adviser, Sir Stephen Lovegrove, offers a UK perspective on the current climate and advocates a new set of principles for the future of arms control and resetting strategic stability for the new international order. The Future of Arms Control, Strategic Stability, and the Global Order

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