mercoledì, Agosto 10, 2022

USA, CINA E L’INDO-PACIFICO

FOCUS

  • June 14, 2022. By Ryan Hass, Brookings. The International Institute for Strategic Studies’ annual Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore provides the closest thing to an X-ray of the strategic situation in the Indo-Pacific. The convening brings together defense leaders, diplomats, strategic thinkers, journalists, and business leaders for examination of the most pressing challenges to regional security and prosperity. In the 2022 edition this past weekend, through two days of intensive discussions among nearly 600 delegates from 59 countries, including defense chiefs from the United States, China, Australia, Japan, South Korea, France, Fiji, and Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) members states, a picture emerged of the strategic situation in Asia. America and China present dueling narratives at Shangri-La Dialogue

THE SCIENCE OF WHERE

THINK TANKS & GLOBAL NEWS

DIGITAL, TECH

  • June 15, 2022. By Shania Kennedy, Health IT Analytics. Researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have shown that that an artificial intelligence (AI) platform designed to recommend optimal chemotherapy doses from cancer patients achieved promising results and lowered prescribed dosages by an average of 20 percent, according to findings presented at ASCO 2022. AI Platform Recommends Lower, More Personalized Chemotherapy Doses
  • June 14, 2022. By Shania Kennedy, Health IT Analytics. Mayo Clinic Platform, Mayo Clinic’s portfolio of digital healthcare initiatives, has partnered with medical technology company Becton, Dickinson and Company (BD) to utilize de-identified patient data to perform detailed post-market analysis on BD’s medical device offerings, with the goal of fueling healthcare innovation and forecasting unmet patient needs. Mayo Clinic Platform Strikes Partnership to Analyze Medical Device Use
  • June 14, 2022. By Shania Kennedy, Health IT Analytics. California-based nonprofit healthcare organization Landon Pediatric Foundation (LPF) is partnering with Austin-based digital health company Vironix Health to utilize artificial intelligence (AI) and remote patient monitoring (RPM) to enhance care for patients with chronic heart and lung conditions. CA Organization Implements AI, RPM to Improve Chronic Disease Management
  • June 14, 2022. By World Nuclear News. The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Frontier supercomputer system at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been ranked as the fastest computer in the world, as well as becoming the first to break the exascale performance barrier. US supercomputer breaks exascale barrier : New Nuclear
  • June 14, 2022. By World Nuclear News. Nuclear fuel debris filters manufactured by Westinghouse Electric Sweden AB using 3D printing technology have been installed at unit 2 of the Olkiluoto nuclear power plant in Finland and unit 3 of the Oskarshamn plant in Sweden. First use of 3D-printed nuclear fuel debris filters : Corporate
  • June 14, 2022. By James Andrew Lewis, CSIS. The United States is no longer the sole superpower, hegemon, or whatever term one prefers.  This situation, accompanied by its military failures and domestic political turmoil, has led some to return to that ever-popular theme: the United States’ decline. But the discussion of decline can reflect Schadenfreude or wishful thinking as much as impartial analysis. While it is true that the unipolar moment is over, the United States is still more like the first among equals rather than a vanishing superpower.  Musk versus Mackinder
  • June 14, 2022. By Alex Engler, Brookings. The European Union’s AI Act (AIA) aspires to establish the first comprehensive regulatory scheme for artificial intelligence, but its impact will not stop at the EU’s borders. In fact, some EU policymakers believe it is a critical goal of the AIA to set a worldwide standard, so much so that some refer to a race to regulate AI. Yet a comprehensive analysis of the provisions of the AIA suggests a more limited global impact from the AIA than is presented by EU policymakers. While the AIA will contribute to the EU’s already significant global influence over some online platforms, it may otherwise only moderately shape international regulation. The limited global impact of the EU AI Act
  • June 13, 2022. By Christophe Carugati, Bruegel. Overlapping rules in the digital economy require cooperation between national regulatory authorities; a practical arrangement based on case information, case allocation and case resolution would ensure consistency and effective enforcement. A practical arrangement for cooperation between digital economy regulators

AROUND THE WORLD

Canada – USA

China

Europe

  • June 14, 2022. By World Nuclear News. The European Parliament’s environment and economy committees have voted against the inclusion of gas and nuclear in the EU’s list of environmentally sustainable investments. The vote, which was indicative of mood rather than having a direct impact, comes three weeks before all MEPs hold their vote to accept, or oppose, the European Commission’s plan.  MEPs on two committees vote against EU taxonomy delegated act : Nuclear Policies

France

  • June 14, 2022. By Jack Watling, RUSI. President Macron’s aspiration to mediate between Putin, who does not respect him, and Ukraine, which does not trust him, is damaging French influence at a time when European leadership is critical. Macron Must Avoid the Immolation of French Influence

Gaza Strip

Iran – Tajikistan

  • June 14, 2022. By Vali Kaleji, The Jamestown Foundation. On May 16–17, with much of the attention in Eurasia still fixated on the Russian-Ukrainian war, the chief of staff of the Iranian Armed Forces, Major General Mohammad Bagheri, paid a visit to Tajikistan, where he met with President Emomali Rahmon and senior military officials. In the most important event of this trip, General Bagheri and his hosts inaugurated the opening of an Iranian Ababil-2 unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) factory in the Tajikistani capital of Dushanbe (Tasnim News, May 17). Iran Opens Ababil-2 Drone Factory in Tajikistan: Reasons and Implications

Iraq 

Israel

Israel – Egypt – European Union

Israel – USA – Saudi Arabia

  • June 15, 2022. By Al Jazeera. Israel’s foreign minister has said that his country was looking to US President Joe Biden’s Middle East trip next month to help improve relations with Saudi Arabia, a country with which it does not have official ties. Israel hopes Biden trip helps improve ties with Saudi Arabia

Palestine

  • June 14, 2022. By Yoni Ben Menachem, JCPA. Israeli and U.S. officials are watching Palestinian Authority Chairman Mahmoud Abbas’ affairs with concern. Senior Fatah officials report that something is happening to the 86-year-old Abbas. He has slowed his activity and cut back his meetings, participating only in the important ones while leaving the others to his confidant Hussein Al-Sheikh. Hussein Al-Sheikh Is Gradually Stepping into Mahmoud Abbas’ Shoes

Russia

  • June 14, 2022. By Maria Shagina, IISS. While Western energy sanctions continue to be applied against Moscow in response to its invasion of Ukraine, their long-term implications are clear: Russia’s status as an energy superpower has been undermined and its traditional energy bridge to Europe, which emerged during the Cold War and survived since then, has been destroyed. Russia’s status as an energy superpower is waning
  • June 14, 2022. By World Nuclear News. The 340-tonne, 12-metre VVER-TOI reactor vessel is made of nickel-free steel and is designed to withstand a pressure of 250 atmospheres, equivalent to the pressure at a depth of 2.5km in the ocean, Rosatom says. It was installed in its final position in the first power unit at Kursk II in western Russia in several stages. VVER-TOI reactor vessel installed at Kursk II : New Nuclear

Russia – Belarus

  • June 15, 2022. By Neil Melvin and Emily Ferris, RUSI. This episode examines the evolving Belarus–Russia defence and security relationship at a time when Minsk has become closely intertwined with Russia’s war against Ukraine, and as Aleksandr Lukashenko, Belarus’ authoritarian president, is increasingly reliant on political support from Russia to remain in power. Episode 28: The Belarus–Russia Security Relationship

Russia – Ukraine

  • June 15, 2022. By
  • June 14, 2022. By Oleksandr Danylyuk, RUSI. In the gathering war of attrition in Ukraine, Russia has the upper hand – and Ukraine’s only hope is for international support to now be stepped up. Russia’s Ukraine Invasion: The Most Dangerous Phase is Upon Us
  • June 14, 2022. By Hlib Parfonov, The Jamestown Foundation. After the start of the 2022 war, in which the Russian Federation initially deployed about 180,000 soldiers and approximately 120 battalion tactical groups (BTGs) against Ukraine, the Russian military quickly began to experience significant problems with logistics and personnel. The true size and structure of the invading army is not known for certain, but captured documents and testimonies from interrogated Russian soldiers indicate that the staffing of BTGs in the Russian Armed Forces faced noticeable problems from the beginning (Gur.gov.ua, March 23). Colossus With Feet of Clay
  • June 14, 2022. By Paul Globe, The Jamestown Foundation. Ukraine experienced sharp demographic decline even before Russian President Vladimir Putin launched his full-scale re-invasion earlier this year. The Ukrainian population fell from 52 million in 1993 to just over 41 million by the start of 2022. For that matter, it would have been declining even if the Soviet Union had not disintegrated and Ukraine had not acquired its independence (see Prism, December 25, 1998). However, the expanded Russian military action this year not only killed thousands of Ukrainian soldiers and civilians and led to the emigration of several million more, it also suppressed the birthrate while increasing the death rate among those remaining. Putin’s War Accelerating Ukraine’s Demographic Collapse, Experts Say
  • June 14, 2022. By Heinz Strubenhoff, Brookings. Russian ships and sea mines block Ukrainian Black Sea ports. Before the war, Ukraine exported on average about 6 million tons of agri-commodities monthly to countries in the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. Currently, only about 15 to 20 percent of this volume can be exported via rail, Danube river, and trucks (about 700,000 tons in April 2022 and about 1 million tons in May 2022). Also, trade risks related to Russian exports have been increasing due to sanctions by various trade partners and banks. This led to price spikes and supply chain disruptions significantly undermining food security in poor importing countries. The war in Ukraine triggered a global food shortage

Sri Lanka

  • June 14, 2022. By Neil DeVotta, East Asia Forum. When Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa banned chemical fertiliser, insecticides and herbicides in May 2021, protesters blamed the government rather than the President or his brother, former prime minister Mahinda Rajapaksa. But this time, spurred by the island’s worst ever economic crisis, protests have turned against Rajapaksa rule. Sri Lanka’s struggle to bring down the Rajapaksas

Syria

Syria – Iran

  • June 15, 2022. By The Syrian Observer. Informed sources in Tehran revealed that two tankers arrived on the Syrian coast on Monday. They are the first tankers to reach the country as part of the new credit line between Iran and Syria. Iranian Oil Tankers Dock at Syria Ports

Syria – Russia

Taiwan – Qatar

Tunisia

UK 

Ukraine

USA

USA – Cambodia

  • June 14, 2022. By Gregory B. Poling, Charles Dunst, Simon Tran Hudes, CSIS. U.S. policy toward Cambodia is conflicted, contradictory, and unsustainable. Is Cambodia an authoritarian pariah to be punished until it undergoes systemic political change? Or is it a necessary partner on the front lines of great-power competition? The U.S. government has spent the last decade torn between righteous indignation over democratic backsliding and pragmatic engagement given U.S. interests in the region. Pariah or Partner? Clarifying the U.S. Approach to Cambodia

USA – China

  • June 14, 2022. By Merics. Beijing is furious at what it sees as the emergence of the long-feared US-led coalition to contain China. With the world moving toward an increasingly bipolar order, countries, particularly in the Indo-Pacific, are likely to feel growing pressure to pick a side. By Helena Legarda. A return of bloc politics?

USA – UK

  • June 15, 2022. By World Nuclear News. USA-based engineering group Jacobs has been awarded a two-year extension to its Stations Services Agreement (SSA) with EDF Energy, operator of the UK’s nuclear power plants. Jacobs’ scope includes supporting the safe operation and maintenance of the advanced gas-cooled reactor (AGR) plants, which account for about 17% of the country’s electricity generation. EDF Energy extends plant services contract with Jacobs : Corporate

DEFENSE, MILITARY, CYBER

HORIZONS

  • June 15, 2022. By Andrea Owe, RUSI. When expanding into outer space, humanity risks magnifying past mistakes, ones that have triggered a global state of unsustainability. The international community must engage now to ensure strategies for a space era support sustainability on Earth and prepare for a sustainable future in space. Space Expansion Must Support Sustainability – On Earth and in Space
  • June 15, 2022. By Chatham House. Circular trade is a key enabler of a global circular economy, but inequities in power relations, digital trade capabilities, trade infrastructure, access to finance, and industrial and innovation capabilities mean that countries in the Global North are better positioned to reap the benefits than are those in the Global South. Trade for an inclusive circular economy
  • June 14, 2022. By Oleksii Reznikov, Atlantic Council. NATO leaders will gather in the Spanish capital at the end of June for a potentially historic summit. They are expected to approve a landmark new Strategic Concept at a time when the Russian invasion of Ukraine has created the most dramatic international security challenges for a generation. The choices made in Madrid will likely shape the geopolitical agenda for decades to come. The future of global security will be decided in Ukraine
  • June 14, 2022. By Mohammed Sanusi Barkindo, Atlantic Council. I took up the role of OPEC Secretary General on August 1, 2016. In some ways, it feels like yesterday, but in others, it feels like a lifetime ago given how much the world has changed since then. Affordability, security, and emissions reductions: The sustainability trilemma

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