lunedì, Giugno 27, 2022

IL FUTURO DIGITALE DELL’ASIA

FOCUS

  • June 20, 2022. By East Asia Forum. The internet once promised a world of seamless connectivity for anyone with access to a digital device. As connectivity costs fell, the workplace became mobile, and digitalisation transformed industrial sectors, the laissez-faire agenda of digital developmentalists appeared to align with and promote democratic ideals. Asia’s digital future

THE SCIENCE OF WHERE

  • June 19, 2022. By Kimberly Hartley, Esri. Johnny Finn has long been interested in where things are and why things are where they are. It’s what geographers do. So, when he moved to coastal Virginia in 2012 to be an assistant professor of geography for Christopher Newport University in Newport News, he started to dig into the area’s history to understand the patterns he was seeing. It’s a postbellum, ship-building city in a region called Hampton Roads or Tidewater that felt more North than South but existed just down the road from what had been the headquarters of the US Confederacy during the Civil War. Virginia Geographer’s Maps Show that Past Discrimination Persists

AROUND THE WORLD

Brazil

  • June 16, 2022. By Crisis Group. Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s president, risks losing his October bid for re-election. If he disputes the result, his shrinking but increasingly far-right support base might take to the streets. State institutions should prepare to deal with baseless fraud accusations and to curb possible violence. Brazil’s True Believers: Bolsonaro and the Risks of an Election Year

China – Japan

  • June 2022. By Institut Montaigne. China Trends seeks understanding of China from Chinese language sources. In an era where the international news cycle is often about China, having a reality check on Chinese expressions often provides for more in-depth analysis of the logic at work in policies, and needed information about policy debates where they exist. China Trends is a quarterly publication by Institut Montaigne’s Asia program, with each issue focusing on a single theme. China Trends #13 – China Weighs Japan’s Blowback Against Its Own Actions

China – Russia

  • June 16, 2022. By Vincent Brussee, Roderick Kefferpütz, Merics. Beijing and Moscow’s bilateral communiqués have evolved in recent years to demonstrate the same threat perception, an analysis by Roderick Kefferpütz (text) and Vincent Brussee (data) shows.  China and Russia: united in opposition

Cote d’Ivoire

  • June 16, 2022. By UN News. The resolution of a civil conflict fuelled-displacement crisis in Côte d’Ivoire, that at its height forced more than 300,000 people to flee to neighbouring countries and beyond, is “a welcome bright spot amid a rising global trend of forced displacement”, said the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, on Monday. Côte d’Ivoire welcomes families home, as refugee status formally ends

Europe – Russia

Europe – Ukraine – EU’s eastern neighbourhood

France

  • June 20, 2022. By World Nuclear News. Each kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity produced by EDF’s reactor fleet in France emits the equivalent of less than 4 grams of carbon dioxide (CO2), according to a life cycle analysis (LCA) published by the company. The analysis shows most of these emissions occur in the upstream phases of the life cycle. EDF study confirms very low carbon nature of nuclear : Energy & Environment

Indonesia

  • June 2022. By ADBI. We examine the impact of imported intermediates on plant productivity and the role of plant capability in expl aining the heterogeneity of the impact. We use a survey database of medium-sized and large Indonesian manufacturing establishments from 2000 to 2015. Imported intermediates are presented as a proportion of total intermediates, while capability factors are represented by the plant’s age, foreign direct investment (FDI) status, exporting status, and capital intensity.  Simultaneity and Heterogeneity in Import and Productivity: Case Study of Indonesian Manufacturing

Iraq

Lebanon

Myanmar

Pacific Island States

Russia – Africa

  • June 16, 2022. By Guido Lanfranchi, Kars de Bruijne, Clingendael. The growth of Russia’s presence across Africa over the last decade has generated significant international concern, further exacerbated after Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine. Russia’s engagement can affect the interests and policies of the European Union (EU) and its member states (MS) in Africa. How should European policymakers understand these developments and respond to them? To answer this question, this report looks at Russia’s engagement in Africa, reaching three main conclusions. Russia’s growing presence in Africa & implication for EU policy

Russia – MENA Region

  • June 14, 2022. By Meliha Benli Altunışık, JIIA. The Ukraine crisis has had an impact on the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region as on the other parts of the world. The impact has been significant as Russia had become one of the most active extra-regional powers in the MENA region in the last decade. Thus, in order to understand how regional countries have responded to the Ukraine crisis, one needs to focus first on the evolution of Russia-MENA relations over the past ten or so years. This paper will then discuss specifically how the regional states have responded to, and been impacted by, the crisis, with a particular emphasis on Turkey, which is in a unique position vis-à-vis the war. The Japan Institute of International Affairs

Russia – Ukraine 

  • June 19, 2022. By Karolina Hird, Kateryna Stepanenko, and Mason Clark, ISW. The UK Ministry of Defense assesses that the Kremlin’s continued framing of its invasion of Ukraine as a “special military operation” rather than a war is actively hindering Russian force generation capabilities.The UK Ministry of Defense reported on June 19 that Russian authorities are struggling to find legal means to punish military dissenters and those who refuse to mobilize because the classification of the conflict in Ukraine as a “special military operation” precludes legal punitive measures that could be employed during a formal war.[1] ISW has previously assessed that the Kremlin’s framing of the war as a “special operation” is compounding consistent issues with poor perceptions of Russian military leadership among Russian nationalists, problems with paying troops, lack of available forces, and unclear objectives among Russian forces. The Kremlin is continuing to attempt to fight a major and grinding war in Ukraine with forces assembled for what the Kremlin incorrectly assumed would be a short invasion against token Ukrainian resistance. The Kremlin continues to struggle to correct this fundamental flaw in its “special military operation.”. Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, June 19

Thailand

  • June 2022. By ADBI. Over the past few decades, Thailand has made progress in expanding access to basic education, resulting in an increase in literacy rates and narrowing gaps in school attendance between socio-economic groups. We survey recent developments in Thailand’s basic education with an emphasis on the learning outcomes of Thai students, the determinants of such outcomes, and the challenges faced by the basic education system. Recent Developments in Basic Education in Thailand: Issues and Challenges

UAE

  • June 20, 2022. By World Nuclear News. Fuel loading has begun at Barakah 3 following the receipt of the unit’s operating licence, the Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation (ENEC) has announced. The UAE’s third nuclear unit is expected to start producing electricity later this year. Fuel loading begins at UAE plant : New Nuclear

UK

  • June 20, 2022. By Sarah Wray, Cities Today. Liverpool City Council in the UK has outlined plans to install underground smart ‘super bins’ in 140 high-density locations to reduce the issue of ripped black bin bags spilling rubbish out on to streets. Liverpool plans underground system of smart ‘super bins’
  • June 20, 2022. By World Nuclear News. The UK-headquartered developer of small modular lead-cooled fast reactors, Newcleo, says it has successfully raised EUR300 million (USD316 million) and also announced it has contracted France’s Orano for feasibility studies on the establishment of a mixed plutonium-uranium oxides (MOX) production plant. Newcleo raises USD316 million, talks with Orano : New Nuclear

CITIES

  • June 17, 2022. By  Sarah Wray, Cities Today. Private companies have long focused on ‘customer experience’ as central to success, especially as digitalisation has accelerated. Although they have very different goals, cities are starting to use some of the same tactics to improve services and meet residents’ rising expectations. And they’re appointing senior leaders to get the job done. A new role in major cities: Chief Citizen Experience Officer
  • June 16, 2022. By Sarah Wray, Cities Today. The concept of free or reduced-cost public transport is gaining renewed traction in response to inflation and soaring fuel prices, and a need to bring riders back after the pandemic. New announcements always grab headlines but experts at the MOVE conference in London this week sounded a note of realism: cutting fares alone won’t drive the modal shift that cities need. Free public transport alone won’t get people out of cars

DIGITAL, TECH

  • June 20, 2022. By Ariel Sobelman, Doron Myersdorf, INSS. In recent years Israel has become a leading player in auto tech, and China is interested in Israeli developments in a field that is expected to assume a significant role in the rivalry between Washington and Beijing. Therefore, it is important for Israel to define a national strategy on the issue, in order to avoid unnecessary involvement in the inter-bloc clash. The Race to Electric Vehicles: Technology, US-China Rivalry, and Big Money
  • June 20, 2022. By Mark Dutz, Marcio Cruz, Carlos Rodriguez-Castelan, World Bank blogs. Binta sells vegetables at a Dakar market to support her family. By using a low-cost tablet as a simple point-of-sales application, she learns to think more strategically and improves her management skills. She reduces the inventory stocks of what doesn’t sell and orders more of what sells well. She identifies her best customers and prints receipts to keep their loyalty. Fast food and laundry shops owners use the app to keep track of who already owes them money to collect on their next visit. Sellers such as Binta no longer need to keep this valuable information in their head or write it down on a piece of paper. As a result, their confidence grows and their business expands. Above all, digital technology enables continued learning, improves skills, increases earnings, and the hiring of more workers. “Digital Senegal for Inclusive Growth: Technological Transformation for Better and More Jobs” presents new data on enterprises and households adopting and using digital technologies. How Digital Technologies Help Senegal Create Better and More Jobs
  • June 20, 2022. By Mutale Nkonde, CIGI. As the use of algorithmic decision-making technologies increases in the public sector, so too does the volume of questions about which populations this sector serves. One of the areas in which algorithmic decision-making technologies is most accurate is in the disbursement of unemployment benefits. COVID-19-related shutdowns in 2020 led to the largest quarterly drop in GDP since records began (Bauer et al. 2020), which had an impact on the proportion of the population applying for unemployment benefits. Governing the Datafication of Black Lives
  • June 20, 2022. By , Center for Data Innovation. The European Commission proposed a new law in November 2021 to regulate online political advertising. The Commission plans to create a harmonized regulatory framework to govern rules around transparency disclosures and audience targeting for ads likely to influence political debates. The proposal is now with the European Parliament, where the Internal Market Committee is currently writing its draft report on the law.  The EU’s Proposed Online Political Advertising Law is a Good Start, But Needs Revising
  • June 20, 2022. By Shania Kennedy, Health IT Analytics. A new report published by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office of the Inspector General (OIG) has found that race and ethnicity data gathered as part of Medicare enrollment are inaccurate for some groups and these inaccuracies hinder the government’s efforts to assess and address health disparities. Medicare Data Inaccuracies Hinder Health Disparity Assessment
  • June 19, 2022. By Anupam Chander, East Asia Forum. Are the Himalayas too high for the internet to pass? The prospect of an Asian digital single market seems remote, especially when India and China seem to be pulling apart. India is busy banning Chinese apps like TikTok, while China promulgates ever stricter rules on data transfer abroad. Asian governments still fail to see that rising above local conflicts might yield enormous dividends, strengthening their own economic security in the process. Towards an Asian digital trade zone
  • June 2022. By ADBI. We examine the foreign direct investment (FDI) spillover effects in developing countries and investigate the importance of the absorptive capacity of a firm and a country in realizing and facilitating FDI spillover. We use data obtained from the World Bank’s Enterprise Surveys for 107 countries from 2007 to 2020. We find that firms in developing countries do not benefit from horizontal FDI but benefit from forward and backward vertical FDI. We also find that firms can benefit from horizontal, forward, and backward FDI by improving the absorptive capacity of firms and host countries. Based on these findings, we present several recommendations to help firms benefit from FDI spillover. Technology Spillover and Absorptive Capacity of Firms and Countries
  • June 2022. By ADBI. Like the rest of the world, COVID-19 created a sudden move to online modes of learning in Southeast Asia that highlights the need for updated teacher training to adopt computer- and mobile-assisted learning/teaching techniques. The changes in technology provide a multimedia platform that revolutionizes how people can interact through ICT, including for education. Mobile-Assisted Language Teaching: A Systematic Review with Implications for Southeast Asia

DEFENSE, MILITARY, SECURITY, CYBER

HORIZONS

Le interviste di The Science of Where Magazine

OSTRICHE, BIODIVERSITA’ E GIS

Le ostriche hanno un ruolo decisivo nella protezione ambientale. Perdita di biodiversità? I letti di ostriche forniscono l'habitat a migliaia di specie marine e...

IL PENTAGONO E LA STRATEGIA DI INTELLIGENZA ARTIFICIALE RESPONSABILE

Il Dipartimento della Difesa sta implementando la tanto attesa strategia di attuazione dei  principi di intelligenza artificiale responsabile. Il vicesegretario alla Difesa Kathleen Hicks...

I CONFINI PLANETARI

FOCUS June 24, 2022. By Tom Cernev, The Interpreter. In 2009, academics Johan Rockström, Will Steffen and colleagues proposed an idea well beyond the geopolitical...

SATELLITI, INTELLIGENZA ARTIFICIALE, SVILUPPO SOSTENIBILE

FOCUS June 23, 2022. By Marshall Burke, Anne Driscoll, David Lobell, and Stefano Ermon, Brookings. Data drives development policy. To determine aid packages and projects, policymakers need...

L’EFFETTO DELLE SANZIONI ALLA RUSSIA

FOCUS June 22, 2022. By Gerard DiPippo, CSIS. Western governments imposed a series of financial, trade, and travel sanctions on Russia starting in late February in response...

LA COMPLESSITA’ DELLE TECNOLOGIE DI SORVEGLIANZA

FOCUS June 2022. By Dahlia Peterson and Samantha Hoffman, Brookings. The increasing sophistication and spread of artificial intelligence (AI) and digital surveillance technologies has drawn concerns over...

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