mercoledì, Settembre 28, 2022

IL GOVERNO BRITANNICO AGGIORNA IL BILANCIO IN DIFESA E SICUREZZA

IN EVIDENCE

  • The British government has ordered an update of its defense and security review published last year and hopes to complete a revised plan by the end of 2022, Prime Minister Liz Truss has announcedAndrew Chuter for Defense News (Britain revises its defense plans in light of Russia’s war)
  • Recent years have seen increasing publicity regarding national security challenges vis-à-vis China, primarily as to issues of influence, espionage, and technology sharing. In Israel, public attention has focused on infrastructure, investments, and 5G communications. However, the risks of transferring technology are not limited to hi-tech, and exist in academia as well, particularly the research efforts that are an important source for knowledge growth and technology – including in dual-use domains. Is Israel prepared for the security challenge regarding academic relations with China? What are the potential implications of these relations, their inherent risks, and possible measures to contain them? Casey Babb for INSS (Proceed with Caution: Israeli Research Collaboration with China)
  • State-backed Iranian threat actors were able to remain undetected inside an Albanian government network for 14 months before deploying destructive malware in July 2022, a new report has revealed. Phil Muncaster for Infosecurity (Iranian Hackers Hid in Albanian Networks for Over a Year)
  • Cyberattacks and geopolitics threaten today’s increasingly digital world, leading to the disruption of essential supplies such as power and water. ESA, the European Commission and space companies in Europe are teaming up to work towards a highly secure, satellite-enabled connectivity system for the EU – based on the unbreakable laws of physics.  ESA (Quantum encryption to boost European autonomy)
  • Xi Jinping is unlikely to abandon his “old friend” Vladimir Putin, even as the Russian leader’s decision to send thousands more troops to Ukraine and his nuclear threats strain Beijing’s “no limits” partnership with Moscow, experts said. Brenda Goh for Reuters. Analysis: As Putin escalates Ukraine war, China stands awkwardly by him
  • Türkiye’s diplomacy vis-à-vis the Russian-Ukrainian conflict has demonstrated Ankara’s special position in global affairs. Türkiye plays a unique role in international efforts to resolve this seven-month-old conflict as a NATO member which staunchly supports Ukraine’s territorial dignity and has armed Kyiv with Bayraktar TB2 drones, while also maintaining complicated albeit respectful and cooperative relations with Moscow. Giorgio Cafiero for Anadolu Agency (The value of Turkish mediation)
  • The weeklong showcase of world-leader speeches that lead off the annual and increasingly antiquated United Nations General Assembly is always entertaining, and sometimes terrifying. What it isn’t, generally speaking, is prelude to real change. Kevin Baron for Defense One (In NYC, a Bronx Cheer for Putin, Trump, and the Aging UN)
  • One of the greatest nightmares for the countries of Central Asia; outside powers, such as Russia, China and the United States, who are worried about regional stability; and even for Kabul itself, which fears regional blowback, is that radicals from Afghanistan will cross into the region and destabilize the situation. And that reality appears to be becoming true. Marat Imankulov, secretary of the Kyrgyzstani Security Council, claims his country’s special services have now identified Afghans who are fighting for Tajikistan in the latest round of border violence between the two countries. Paul Globe for The Jamestown Foundation (Islamist Radicals From Afghanistan Now Fighting for Tajikistan Against Kyrgyzstan)
  • On September 3, an estimated 70,000 people gathered around Wenceslaus Square in central Prague to protest against the incumbent government of Czech Prime Minister Petr Fiala. The demonstration centered on cost-of-living complaints incurred by increasing energy costs, rapidly rising inflation and perceived overly generous aid to Ukraine. While the protest was largely driven by pocketbook factors, the 427,000 Ukrainian refugees who were granted temporary protection status (equivalent to 4 percent of the Czech population, which is the highest per capita in the EU) certainly played a factor. Daniel McVicar for The Jamestown Foundation (Costs of Accommodating the Most Ukrainian Refugees Per Capita in the EU: The Czech Case)
  • Seven months into his invasion of Ukraine, Russian President Vladimir Putin has taken a new, perilous step: mobilizing his military reserves. Atlantic Council (Experts react: Putin gambles by escalating his war in Ukraine. What will happen next?)

TOPICS

WORLDS

  • (Afghanistan) September 20, 2022. Lisa CurtisAnnie Pforzheimer and Jan Mohammad Jahid, Center for a New American Security. Human rights in Afghanistan, especially those of women and girls, have deteriorated sharply during the first year of Taliban rule. The very real prospect of losing a generation of Afghan girls and boys as civil society suffers under the Taliban’s extreme and repressive policies makes finding any possible levers of international influence over the Taliban necessary and urgent—even if few good options exist. International Community Must Do More to Protect Human Rights in Afghanistan
  • (Africa) September 21, 2022. Ibrahim Al-bakri Nyei, Al Jazeera. Autocratic regimes in Africa don’t change their stripes. They do, however, try and disguise them. African autocrats have new allies: Street goons
  • (Argentina) September 21, 2022. José Higuera, Defense News.  Argentina’s government has told lawmakers that it plans to spend about $684 million to procure new fighter jets and build related infrastructure. Argentina eyes $664 million for fighter jets
  • (Armenia – Azerbaijan) September 20, 2022. Vasif Huseynov, The Jamestown Foundation. On September 13, the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry claimed that the Armenian Armed Forces had committed large-scale provocations in the areas of Dashkasan, Kalbajar and Lachin at the Azerbaijani-Armenian border (Mod.gov.az, September 13). Armenia denies these allegations (Armradio.am, September 13). Azerbaijan and Armenia Agree to Start Work on Peace Treaty (Part One)
  • (Belarus) September 21, 2022. Grigory Ioffe, The Jamestown Foundation. Oleg Manaev, a seasoned Belarusian sociologist, whose polling firm conducted quarterly national surveys of Belarusians from the early 1990s until 2016, when it was shut down by the Minsk authorities, made a robustly substantiated statement that is at loggerheads with what Belarusian opposition has been stating since 2020. According to the opposition’s position, the pattern of political division in Belarus is characterized by President Alyaksandr Lukashenka and his law enforcement personnel siding against Belarusian society at large. What Did Lukashenka’s Open History Lesson Demonstrate?
  • (China) September 21, 2022. Xinhua. China has made notable achievements in its construction of a comprehensive transport system over the last decade, a report from the National Bureau of Statistics said on Wednesday. China’s transport infrastructure greatly improves over last decade: report
  • (China) September 22, 2022. Xinhua. China will stay committed to achieving carbon peaking and carbon neutrality amid recent setbacks in global carbon reduction efforts as some countries fell back on coal plants to tide over an energy crunch, an official said Thursday. China committed to carbon goals despite global volatility
  • (China) September 21, 2022. Mike Yeo, Defense News. China is expanding its submarine base on the edge of the South China Sea, with satellite photos showing it’s building two new piers. Satellite images reveal Chinese expansion of submarine base
  • (China – Serbia) September 22, 2022. Global Times. China and Serbia, who are trust-worthy partners, can rely on each other with the promoted bilateral friendship and strengthened mutual trust during the fight against COVID-19 epidemic, said Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi to Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic in New York on Wednesday. China and Serbia are trust-worthy, reliable partners: Chinese SC & FM
  • (India) September 22, 2022. Deepa M Ollapally, East Asia Forum. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine coincided with a debate over whether to call US–China tensions ‘a new Cold War’ and a ‘no limits’ friendship between Russia and China. As the United States raced to place sanctions on Moscow, many in the Global South found themselves caught in the crosshairs of a realignment against Russia. India goes its own way on global geopolitics
  • (Indonesia) September 21, 2022. Rodrigo CastilloLilly Blumenthal, and Caitlin Purdy, Brookings. Indonesia—the world’s largest nickel miner—is making moves to become a key player in the electric vehicle supply chain. Most of Indonesia’s nickel output is currently Class 2 nickel, a low-purity type used for stainless steel. The country’s government and the mining sector are  determined to transform its nickel industry to meet the rising demand for Class 1 nickel, a crucial component for electric vehicle (EV) batteries. Indonesia’s electric vehicle batteries dream has a dirty nickel problem
  • (Iran – Russia – Turkey) September 22, 2022. IRNA. Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian and his Russian and Turkish counterparts Sergei Lavrov and Mevlüt Cavusoglu respectively held a joint meeting here on the sidelines of the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly. Iranian, Russian & Turkish FMs hold joint meeting in NY
  • (Iran – South Caucasus region) September 21, 2022. IRNA. The Iranian Parliament’s National Security and Foreign Policy Commission issued a statement on Wednesday on the latest border clashes in the South Caucasus region, stressing the need for preserving the internationally recognized borders of the countries and safeguarding their territorial integrity. Iran parliamentary commission calls for protecting countries’ territorial integrity
  • (Israel – Turkey) September 22, 2022. , INSS. The meeting between Prime Minister Yair Lapid and the President of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly was the first meeting between a Prime Minister of Israel and Erdogan since 2008. That year the Turkish leader met with Ehud Olmert, when Erdogan brokered indirect peace talks between Israel and Syria. The Lapid-Erdogan Meeting: Relations between Turkey and Israel Continue to Warm
  • (Malaysia) September 21, 2022. Ömer Faruk Yildiz, East Asia Forum. After four years of a tiring judicial process, Malaysia’s Federal Court finally upheld the High Court’s decision to sentence former prime minister Najib Razak to 12 years in jail for his involvement in the corruption of 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) and the Strategic Resource Company. Najib’s prison politics rock Malaysia
  • (Mediterranean Sea) September 22, 2022. ESA. Many parts of Europe saw record-breaking temperatures over the summer, but it wasn’t just the continental mainland that was affected: the Mediterranean Sea also suffered a major marine heatwave. An ESA-funded project, CAREHeat, detected one of the most intense Mediterranean marine heatwaves observed during the satellite era – with sea surface temperatures reaching 5°C higher than average. Mediterranean Sea hit by marine heatwave
  • (Russia) September 21,  2022.  Aslan Doukaev, The Jamestown Foundation. August is said to be the cruelest month in Russia—one that brings major political upheavals (see Prism, August 18, 1995), embarrassing setbacks on the battlefield (CNN, August 9, 1996) and various assorted catastrophes, both natural and man-made. But one could make an equally strong case for September, which has been marked, among other things, by the deadly apartment house bombings in 1999 that led to the Second Chechen War (Nazavisimaya gazeta, September 10, 1999) and the carnage five years later at Beslan (see North Caucasus Weekly, September 15, 2004), which impelled the Kremlin to scrap popular elections of Russian governors. And though September 2022 is not over yet, it has already delivered heaps of instability for the Kremlin, making one wonder what reactions may follow from some quarters. Chechen Leader Lambasts Russian Defense Ministry for Failures in Ukraine
  • (Russia) September 20, 2022. Kseniya Kirillova, The Jamestown Foundation.  Despite unprecedented repression by the Russian authorities against anyone who doubts the necessity of President Vladimir Putin’s war in Ukraine, more citizens are finding the courage to speak out. Failure in Ukraine Increases Moscow’s Repression and Citizens’ Distrust
  • (Russia – Ukraine) September 21, 2022. Marcus Weisgerber. Defense One. Russian President Vladimir Putin’s decision to call up 300,000 reservists should prod the West to send the longer-range artillery and more technologically advanced weapons that Kyiv will need to press its advantage in the harsh winter months ahead, Ukraine’s deputy defense minister said Wednesday. Ukraine: Russia’s Draft, Setbacks Mean It’s Time for More Advanced Weapons
  • (Russia – Ukraine) September 21, 2022. Todd South, Defense News. Mobility tactics, advanced technology and a workshop mentality for fixing battlefield problems all point to Ukrainian success fighting the Russian invasion. Use us for combat zone tests, Ukraine minister tells US war industry
  • (Russia – Ukraine) September 21, 2022.
  • (Russia – Ukraine) September 21, 2022. Max Bergmann, Center for Strategic & International Studies. Russian president Vladimir Putin’s announcement on September 21 of a partial mobilization of up to 300,000 reservists to fight in Ukraine is the clearest evidence yet his regime is in grave danger. Putin is stuck in a quagmire, where the clearest way out is to stop, turn around, and go back out of Ukraine the way he came in. Yet leaders stuck in an unwinnable war often just wade deeper into the muck. Putin is following that well-charted path, and his regime may not survive.  Putin Wades Deeper into the Quagmire
  • (Russia – Ukraine) September 21, 2022. IAEA. Renewed shelling early on Wednesday morning at the site of Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Power Plant (ZNPP) damaged cables providing electricity to one of its six units, temporarily forcing this reactor to rely on emergency diesel generators for the power it needs for essential safety functions, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was informed at the site by senior Ukrainian operating staff. Update 105 – IAEA Director General Statement on Situation in Ukraine
  • (Russia – Ukraine) September 21, 2022. Karolina Hird, Kateryna Stepanenko, Grace Mappes, Mason Clark, Kat Lawlor, and Frederick W. Kagan, ISW. Russian President Vladimir Putin’s announcement of “partial mobilization” on September 21 reflected many problems Russia faces in its faltering invasion of Ukraine that Moscow is unlikely to be able to resolve in the coming months. Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, September 21
  • (Turkey – India) September 21, 2022. Duygu Cagla Bayram, Anadolu Agency. Think of two nations with an accumulation of a significant history of civilizations that have managed to become two modern nation-states. Both Türkiye and India have managed to making of a unique modern state and society. The founder of the Republic of Türkiye Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (father of Turks) built the modern, liberal, secular and democratic nation, while Indians, led by most prominently Mohandas Karamchand (Mahatma) Gandhi, stood against the imperialism and established their unique nation. Türkiye-India ties have a bright future ahead
  • (UNGA) September 21, 2022. UN News. With a full-scale war of aggression under way in Europe, the General Assembly was meeting this year “in a new geopolitical era that demands those who believe in the principles of the United Nations to stand up,” according to Elizabeth Truss, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. ‘The story of 2022 is freedom fighting back’ against aggression, UK Prime Minister Truss says in UN speech
  • (UNGA) September 21, 2022. UN News. Russia must be punished for its “illegal war” against Ukraine, President Volodymyr Zelenskyy told the UN General Assembly on Wednesday – part of a “peace formula” that also calls for greater civilian protection and defense support.  Ukrainian President outlines peace formula that punishes aggression, restores security
  • (UNGA) September 21, 2022. UN News. It was doubtful that any generation of Earth’s inhabitants has ever witnessed “such a perfect storm of global economic chaos, a war with global consequences, and an unwillingness or inability to find a consensus to deal with the catastrophe,” the President of Ghana told the UN General Assembly on Wednesday. As global economic crises ‘pile up’, Ghanaian leader says it’s time for urgent attention
  • (UNGA) September 21, 2022. UN News. Taking the rostrum at the annual United Nations General Assembly, Iran’s President decried as a great injustice the “double standard” exhibited by Western nations towards what he described as his country’s peaceful nuclear activities. At UN, Iran’s leader decries West’s ‘double standard’ towards country’s nuclear programme
  • (UNGA) September 21, 2022. UN News. Libyan President Muhammad Yunus Al-Manfi told the 77th session of the UN General Assembly on Tuesday that as it moves towards building a State of institutions and establishing principles of democracy, his country has through a decade of “pain and hope”. Libya working towards a democratic transformation, President tells UN
  • (UNGA) September 21, 2022. UN News. Referring to a world in a state of turbulence, President Paul Kagame of Rwanda on Wednesday called for multilateral cooperation and efforts to address intersecting crises, including climate change, food price inflation, conflict and migration.  Africa is doing its part but must do more, says Rwandan President Kagame
  • (UNGA) September 21, 2022. UN News. Strongly denouncing Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, United States President Joe Biden warned United Nations Member States on Wednesday that “if a nation can pursue imperial ambitions without consequences, then we put at risk everything this great institution stands for.”. Biden denounces Russia’s ‘shameless violation’ of UN Charter, urges world to stand with Ukraine
  • (UNGA) September 20, 2022. UN News. The international community cannot stand by as a major power uses violence to expand its borders, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz told the United Nations General Assembly on Monday, calling on Member States to uphold the founding purposes and principles of the Organization. Denouncing Russia’s war in Ukraine, German Chancellor calls for upholding rules-based global order
  • (USA) September 21, 2022. Bryant Harris, Defense News.  The Senate Armed Services Committee has reached an agreement aimed at advancing Pentagon nominees who would oversee acquisitions and defense industrial-base policy following controversy over a road in an Alaskan mining district. Senate to move Pentagon acquisition and industrial base nominees amid critical minerals row
  • (USA) September 21, 2022. Elaine Kamarck, Brookings. This is the third in a series of blog posts detailing our research on all 2360 candidates who ran for House or Senate in the 2022 primaries. We started coding each candidate by looking at their official website and then we looked at their Facebook page, their tweets, their press interviews, and their votes (in the case of incumbents) in order to determine their stances on the issues of the day. As would be expected in a primary season that ran six months, from March 1 to September 13 the salience of issues changed somewhat over time—nonetheless we managed to get a good sense of what the two parties’ candidates were talking about and perhaps, as important, what they were not talking about. We were also able to get a good sense of the divisions between the parties and within the parties. Lessons from the 2022 Primaries — what do they tell us about America’s political parties and the midterm elections?
  • (USA) September 21, 2022. Thea SebastianHanna LoveSam WashingtonAnthony BarrInsha RahmanBlake ParadisAndre M. Perry, and Sakira Cook, Brookings. All people deserve safety in their homes, workplaces, parks, and other community spaces—safety not only from violence, but from the economic, social, and environmental conditions that fuel violence in the first place. Within the United States, however, access to physical safety—just like access to clean air, economic mobility, and high-quality schools—is shaped by where someone lives, with many of our most unsafe places reflecting decades of systemic disinvestmentA new community safety blueprint: How the federal government can address violence and harm through a public health approach

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