lunedì, Giugno 27, 2022

IL FUTURO DELLA NATO

FOCUS

  • June 16, 2022. By Atlantic Council. At the upcoming NATO Summit in Madrid, the Alliance’s attention will be on the Russian invasion of Ukraine. President Vladimir Putin’s unprovoked and illegal war is transforming how the Euro-Atlantic—not to mention global—community views its security environment. The war is having a profound effect on NATO’s strategy, which is due for a refresh at the summit with Alliance members set to agree on their new Strategic Concept—a critical document that will guide NATO’s political and military development for the foreseeable future. Visualizing the NATO Strategic Concept: Five ways to look at the Alliance’s future

THE SCIENCE OF WHERE

THINK TANKS & GLOBAL NEWS

AROUND THE WORLD

Afghanistan

  • June 16, 2022. By 

Africa

China – Russia

  • June 16, 2022. By 

European Union – African Union

European Union – Egypt

  • June 17, 2022, By HRW.  The European Union and its member states should stop supporting the Egyptian government’s brutal rule and set concrete human rights benchmarks as criteria for progress in relations, Human Rights Watch said today. Egypt’s foreign minister, Sameh Shoukry, is expected to meet with the EU foreign affairs High Representative Josep Borrell and EU member states foreign ministers on June 19 and 20, 2022.  European Union: Prioritize Rights in Egypt Meetings

Islamic State Khorasan

Russia – Ukraine

  • June 16, 2022. By Theresa Hitches, Breaking Defense. National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan today suggested that the US and close allies would provide embattled Ukrainian forces with further systems capable of launching multiple rockets — to possibly include more of the sophisticated US High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems, known as HIMARS. Sullivan suggests yet more MLRS for Ukraine, but only after training
  • June 16, 2022. By Caitlin M. Kenney, Defense One. Ukraine needs more weapons, sanctions on Russia, and financial support to end the war as soon as possible, Ukraine’s ambassador to the U.S. said Thursday, as others warned that aid is flowing too slowly to help fight the intense artillery battles in the east. What Ukraine Needs: More Arms, Sanctions, and Money, Ambassador Says
  • June 16, 2022. By 
  • June 16, 2022. By Kateryna Stepanenko, Mason Clark, George Barros, and Grace Mappes, ISW. The leaders of Germany, France, Italy, and Romania committed to Ukrainian officials that the West would not demand any concessions from Ukraine to appease Russia and will support Ukraine to the end of the war during a visit to Kyiv on June 16.French President Emmanuel Macron declared that France, Germany, Italy, and Romania are “are doing everything so that Ukraine alone can decide its fate.”[1] Macron added that Ukraine “must be able to win” and pledged to provide six more self-propelled howitzers.[2] German Chancellor Olaf Scholz stated that Germany will continue to provide financial, humanitarian, and weapons assistance for “Ukraine’s war of independence.”[3] Macron, Scholz, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, and Romanian President Klaus Iohannis additionally vowed to back Ukraine’s bid to become an official candidate for European Union membership.[4] Sustained Western military support to Ukraine will be essential to enable Ukrainian forces to liberate Russian-occupied territory. Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, June 16
  • June 15, 2022. By Dan Ciuriak, CIGI. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine shell-shocked the world. The war has monopolized headlines in print and broadcast media and unleashed a torrent of instant analysis and professional commentary. And it has flooded social media platforms. Indeed, I’ve been thinking about how social media has been weaponized, not only during the hostilities but well before this particular conflict erupted, and to what effect. Social Media Warfare Is Being Invented in Ukraine

Sudan 

UK

USA

  • June 16, 2022. By Brookings. Every day, the federal government enacts impactful policy changes through the executive branch and its agencies. The Brookings Center on Regulation and Markets Regulatory Tracker (“Reg Tracker”) provides background information and status updates on a curated selection of particularly important regulatory changes. Using our tracker, you can learn more about the background of different rules, discover the impact of potential regulations, and monitor a regulation’s progress through rulemaking. We include standard rules as well as guidance documents, executive orders, and other actions across ten key policy areas. While the relaunched Reg Tracker focuses on regulatory changes enacted under Biden, our previous entries tracking regulatory changes during the Trump administration can be accessed through the “Trump archives” checkbox. Tracking regulatory changes in the Biden era
  • June 16, 2022. By Alan Berube and Eli Byerly-Duke, Brookings. At the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States in March 2020, the U.S. economy was riding the crest of a decade-long expansion. The Brookings Metro Monitor found that from 2009 to 2019, 179 of the nation’s 191 largest metro areas had posted growth in jobs, adult employment rates, and median earnings. While that growth did not consistently close significant economic gaps by race and place, a tightening labor market in the late 2010s seemed to finally be spurring more inclusive outcomes in many metro areas. Which metro areas have fared better in the COVID-19 rebound?
  • June 13, 2022. By Robert D. Atkinson, ITIF, The World Financial Review. The United States is one of the only developed nations without a national industry competitiveness strategy. Some of this failure stems from a hyper-partisan political environment; but the main culprit is groupthink. Few policymakers, pundits or economists understand U.S. competitiveness problems in ways that lead them to support such a strategy. Too many policymakers, pundits, and purported experts deny there is a problem. And most view the problem and solutions in a way that precludes needed action from being taken. How Flawed Thinking Limits America’s National Industrial Strategy

USA – Russia

  • June 16, 2022. By Steven Pifer, Brookings. The June 16, 2021 meeting in Geneva between U.S. President Joe Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin gave a positive impulse to a bilateral U.S.-Russia relationship that was plumbing post-Cold War depths. Both sides made modest progress in the following months, only to be wholly derailed by Putin’s war of choice against Ukraine. It will be a long time before the U.S.-Russia relationship can approach anything that resembles “normal.”. U.S.-Russia relations, one year after Geneva

DIGITAL, TECH

  • June 17, 2022. By Hartwig Schafer, Christine Zhenwei Qiang, World Bank blogs.  When walking around the streets of Kathmandu, you will notice stickers with quick response (QR) codes at stores and restaurants. People can pay businesses by scanning these ubiquitous QR codes with one of the many financial services apps available on their smartphones. This system, set up in 2020, saw widespread use by businesses and consumers in Nepal during the COVID-19 pandemic, when social distancing meant that people wanted contactless modes of payment. Today, one can use QR codes to make purchases at a large grocery store in Nepal or buy something from a local handcart vendor. Towards a Thriving Digital Economy in South Asia
  • June 16, 2022. By Souleymane Coulibaly, Woubet Kassa, Albert Zeufack, World Bank blogs. Africa faces a continuously changing global trade environment, bringing new challenges and opportunities for increasing growth and reducing poverty. The proliferation of regional trade agreements often at the expense of the global trading system (WTO), the fourth Industrial Revolution and the subsequent rise of labor-saving technologies, the rise of Asia as the new economic frontier, the increased fragmentation of production and rapid changes in global value chains (GVCs) dominate the emerging trends. Re-engineering African trade with the European Union and United States: Success Requires Reform on Both Sides
  • June 16, 2022. By Megha Mukin, Alex Chunet, World Bank blogs. Cities act as escalators out of poverty, as Edward Glaeser demonstrates. And yet, this very function drives poorer immigrants into urban regions – in search of jobs or access to better public services. More than half the world’s population now lives in urban areas , but most social assistance programs in developing countries have traditionally concentrated on the rural poor, with the bulk of past efforts on proper identification and targeting. The pandemic has shone a spotlight on the plight of the urban poor. When the pandemic hit, in the face of harsh lockdowns, the urban poor faced sudden shocks to their income and consumption. Governments in several countries were caught unprepared, with many lacking data on important questions – who are the urban poor? where do they live? how best to find them, and help them? Mapping urban poverty from space
  • June 16, 2022. By Alexandra Kelley, Nextgov. $100 million from the federal Technology Modernization Fund will be allocated toward improving customer experiences for civilian end users interacting with U.S. government digital services.  Tech Modernization Fund Launches Fresh $100 Million for CX Projects
  • June 16, 2022. By Bram Abramson, Fenwick Mckelvey, CIGI. Vizio is one of the bestselling TV brands in the United States. Yet selling data about users and their watching habits is one of its core businesses. A television manufacturer that becomes a big data business is no anomaly. Today, consuming media involves users being watched and tracked in ways the audience measurement industries of old could only have dreamed of. With debate closing on Bill C-11, the Online Streaming Act, there is one major amendment not on the table. Viewers need better data and privacy rights. Canada’s Online Streaming Act Needs a Privacy Clause
  • June 16, 2022. By , Center for Data Innovation. Accurate and accessible environmental data plays an important role in formulating effective environmental policy. Data on air and water quality, soil contamination, microplastic pollution, and more can reveal insights about how the environment impacts human health in a community, as well as which communities are most vulnerable to climate change-related threats. But environmental agencies do not sufficiently monitor data in some places. As a result, these communities often rely on anecdotal evidence of the environmental dangers they face and cannot articulate or prove for regulatory purposes the extent of these risks to local government officials and environmental regulators. Citizen science, or public participation in scientific research, can supplement data in otherwise under-monitored areas and improve understanding of climate-related and environmental issues. Supporting and incorporating citizen science data production and collection efforts into official statistics will help fill in gaps in monitoring and empower groups in otherwise neglected areas with the information to advocate for themselves when harms arise. Citizen Science and Crowdsourced Data Can Improve Environmental Data in the United States
  • June 16, 2022. By Shania Kennedy, Health IT Analytics. Digital primary care platform K Health in collaboration with Mayo Clinic Platform, Mayo Clinic’s portfolio of digital healthcare initiatives, launched a personalized hypertension treatment algorithm designed to provide real-time clinical decision support and improve treatment plans. Mayo Clinic, K Health Collaboration Unveils Hypertension Treatment Algorithm
  • June 14, 2022. By Robert D. Atkinson, ITIF, Korea Times. Nations are in a fierce win-lose competition for global market share in advanced, traded-sector technology industries, because winning enables not only prosperity, but economic and national security―especially for allied nations where China’s gain often comes at their loss. As Rob Atkinson writes in the Korea Times, Korea’s advanced-industry performance over the last quarter-century has been superlative, lagging only behind Taiwan. Korea’s Advanced Industry Success Story
  • June 14, 2022. By Robert Fay, David Dodge, Serge Dupont, Mark Jewett, John Murray, Keldon Bester, CIGI. A growing number of countries around the world are considering or implementing retail central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) that could be used by both consumers and businesses. Before Canada joins its peers in this endeavour, it can learn from their experiences. This conference report is based on an April 2022 workshop attended by Canadian and international experts. The discussion focused on the international backdrop and what can be learned from global leaders in CBDCs, to determine next steps for Canada and to assess the legal and regulatory changes required to support a Canadian CBDC. Deciding on a Digital Dollar: The Necessary Steps for Canada
  • June 13, 2022. By , Center for Data Innovation. Climate activists with Possible, a U.K.-based environmental charity organization, have created a series of data visualizations depicting noise pollution in Paris, New York, and London. The visualizations show the levels of noise pollution across the cities as shades of purple, with higher levels represented by darker colors. The visualizations include audio recordings to demonstrate the level of noise found in each location.  Visualizing Noise Pollution

DEFENSE, MILITARY, SECURITY, CYBER

HORIZONS

  • June 17, 2022. By Benjamin Herzberg, Daphne Yong-D’Hervé, World Bank blogs. For refugees, building a new life in a host country is filled with challenges. They face difficulties finding jobs, and they face barriers to starting a business. They may find themselves cut off from credit and investment—and from other products and services that are so critically important. All of this limits their ability to build a better livelihood. Refugees mean business: the role of the private sector in creating economic opportunities for the forcibly displaced
  • June 17, 2022. By Marcello Estevao, Diego Rivetti, David Mihalyi, World Bank blogs. Rising debt and record-high commodity prices are tempting many developing countries to pledge their natural resources to secure the financing they so urgently need.  They should tread carefully: a renewed embrace of resource-backed loans could backfire on them.  Developing economies should think hard about taking on resource-backed loans
  • June 17, 2022. By Laurie A. Tannous, World Bank blogs. The concept of public-private partnerships (PPPs), until recently, has been fairly simple—public and private entities working together with a common goal or mutual benefit. The term is most often used to describe partnerships between government and the private sector where the partners would share both the risks and rewards associated with their relationship. Yet, as multi-country public-private projects gain momentum with the increase in trade, transportation, and infrastructure for cross-border logistics, they now have to navigate their own share of very different legal and regulatory environments. Navigating cross-border PPPs
  • June 17, 2022. By Alex Vershinin, RUSI. The war in Ukraine has proven that the age of industrial warfare is still here. The massive consumption of equipment, vehicles and ammunition requires a large-scale industrial base for resupply – quantity still has a quality of its own. The mass scale combat has pitted 250,000 Ukrainian soldiers, together with 450,000 recently mobilised citizen soldiers against about 200,000 Russian and separatist troops. The effort to arm, feed and supply these armies is a monumental task. Ammunition resupply is particularly onerous. For Ukraine, compounding this task are Russian deep fires capabilities, which target Ukrainian military industry and transportation networks throughout the depth of the country. The Russian army has also suffered from Ukrainian cross-border attacks and acts of sabotage, but at a smaller scale. The rate of ammunition and equipment consumption in Ukraine can only be sustained by a large-scale industrial base. The Return of Industrial Warfare
  • June 17, 2022. By Creon ButlerEmma Ross, Chatham House. Although the COVID-19 response saw remarkable institutional innovations focused on controlling the pandemic once it had begun – notably the Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator (ACT-A) with its vaccine arm COVAX – the pandemic still frustratingly demonstrated once more the enormous costs of failing to invest adequately in prevention and control measures and other global health activities to protect the world. New approaches needed to unlock global health funding
  • June 16, 2022. By Itai AgurXavier Lavayssière and Germán Villegas Bauer, IMF blog. Most of the world’s central banks have already agreed they should help fight climate change, a critical challenge that necessitates reductions in both energy consumption, which is our focus here, and the carbon emissions associated with the energy consumed. How Crypto and CBDCs Can Use Less Energy Than Existing Payment Systems
  • June 16, 2022. By Anton Korinek, Brookings. This paper develops an economic framework to evaluate the impact of a technological innovation on labor demand and inequality, decomposing the effects into five channels that are quantified using data that corporations routinely collect in their accounting and financial planning and analysis departments: (i) the direct channel captures how the innovation changes factor inputs for given output; (ii) the demand channel reflects how pricing decisions affect product demand; and (iii) the factor reallocation effect captures how redundant factors are redeployed in the economy. When supply chain effects matter, (iv) the vertical channel traces the effects on factor demand along a firm’s value chain. Moreover, when there are significant within-industry demand effects,(v) the horizontal channel analyzes how factor demand among competitors and providers of complements is affected. The framework informs companies, policymakers, and civil society about what types of innovations and policy environments are desirable to deliver shared prosperity. This paper also provides a sample application of how an automation tool introduced in the fast food industry would generate a redistribution from unskilled to skilled workers. How innovation affects labor markets: An impact assessment
  • June 15, 2022. By Mariano Moszoro and Mauricio Soto, IMF blog. High-speed roads that can carry goods to customers in far-off markets raise productivity, reduce poverty and are an important contributor to sustainable and inclusive economic development. This is why economists spend time trying to assess the state of the world’s roads through surveys and the like. Where Are the World’s Fastest Roads?

Le interviste di The Science of Where Magazine

 

I CONFINI PLANETARI

FOCUS June 24, 2022. By Tom Cernev, The Interpreter. In 2009, academics Johan Rockström, Will Steffen and colleagues proposed an idea well beyond the geopolitical...

SATELLITI, INTELLIGENZA ARTIFICIALE, SVILUPPO SOSTENIBILE

FOCUS June 23, 2022. By Marshall Burke, Anne Driscoll, David Lobell, and Stefano Ermon, Brookings. Data drives development policy. To determine aid packages and projects, policymakers need...

L’EFFETTO DELLE SANZIONI ALLA RUSSIA

FOCUS June 22, 2022. By Gerard DiPippo, CSIS. Western governments imposed a series of financial, trade, and travel sanctions on Russia starting in late February in response...

LA COMPLESSITA’ DELLE TECNOLOGIE DI SORVEGLIANZA

FOCUS June 2022. By Dahlia Peterson and Samantha Hoffman, Brookings. The increasing sophistication and spread of artificial intelligence (AI) and digital surveillance technologies has drawn concerns over...

US AIR FORCE E L’INTELLIGENZA ARTIFICIALE PER UNA INTELLIGENCE “INTEGRATA”

L'Air Force sta esplorando nuovi modi in cui l'intelligenza artificiale può essere utilizzata per aiutare con la raccolta dei dati e la condivisione degli...

ENERGIA GREEN NEL SUD-EST ASIATICO

Con l'aumento delle preoccupazioni globali sui cambiamenti climatici e il blocco del carbonio, il sud-est asiatico ha un'opportunità unica per far avanzare la sua...

Ultimi articoli