lunedì, Giugno 27, 2022

IL GIAPPONE E LA SCELTA DIGITALE

FOCUS

June 20, 2022. By Naohiro Yashiro, East Asia Forum. Japan’s most recent regulatory reform plan is digitalisation — a crucial part of Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s ‘New Capitalism’ agenda that seeks to prevent excessive profit-seeking activities. Better utilisation of the digital economy is necessary to overcome labour force shortages brought about by a rapidly declining working-age population. Fortunately, the momentum for digital reform has survived the recent leadership transition. Japan’s digital society rests on Kishida’s leadership

AROUND THE WORLD

Afghanistan

  • June 2022. By Malaiz Daud, CIDOB. Since their return to power in Afghanistan, Taliban are not only contending with a plethora of violent challengers, but they are also facing direct and indirect nonviolent action by a variety of actors. Their response has been twofold: extreme and indiscriminate violence and information blackout. However, the notion of a strong Emirate has hardly materialized in almost a year since its establishment. Their presumed success in creating absolute stability in the 1990’s is now failing in the Taliban regime 2.0. Taliban’s Achilles’ Heel: The Leviathan Trap in Afghanistan

Australia

  • June 21, 2022. By Peter Hooton, The Interpreter. The consolidation of Australia’s identity as an Asia-Pacific nation is a work in progress. It is as a consistently attentive and engaged Asia-Pacific nation – rather than as a US ally or a European outpost – that Australia will fit in most comfortably with its neighbours and be of most service to its friends further afield. However, in the Pacific, Canberra’s fossil-fuelled failure to take seriously its domestic and international responsibilities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions – in the face of the grave threat posed to Pacific island states by global warming – has done enormous damage to Australia’s standing. Pacific labour mobility and the existential threat of climate change

Azerbaijan

China

  • June 21, 2022. By , The Strategist. China’s trade surplus hit an extraordinary US$292 billion in the first five months of the year—more than double its pre-pandemic level—and its aggressive pursuit of export markets is likely to become a flashpoint in a slowing world economy. China’s relentless export machine

Europe

Israel – Palestine

  • June 21, 2022. By , Project-Syndicate, The Strategist. In the 55 years Israel has been occupying Palestinian lands, there have been two intifadas, four wars in Gaza, and a long series of failed efforts to negotiate a two-state solution roughly adhering to Israel’s pre-1967 borders. The situation may truly be as hopeless as it seems. Israel’s endless occupation

Philippines

  • June 20, 2022. By Georgi Engelbrecht, Crisis Group. On 9 May, residents of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, part of the southern Philippines, voted in local elections. Organised in parallel to national polls, these contests pitted former rebels against powerful political clans, with an incomplete peace process hanging in the balance. Ballots and Bullets in the Bangsamoro

Russia – Ukraine

  • June 20, 2022. By Karolina Hird, Kateryna Stepanenko, and Frederick W. Kagan, ISW. Ukrainian officials are emphasizing that the coming week will be decisive for Russian efforts to take control of Severodonetsk. Deputy Ukrainian Defense Minister Hanna Malyar reported that Russian leadership has set June 26 as the deadline for Russian forces to reach the Luhansk Oblast administrative border, which will likely result in intensified efforts to take full control of Severodonetsk and move westward towards the Oblast border. Head of the Luhansk Regional State Administration Serhiy Haidai reported that Russian forces control all of Severodonetsk except for the industrial zone as of June 20, which is the first explicit Ukrainian confirmation that Russian forces control all of Severodonetsk with the exception of the Azot plant. Russian forces will likely continue efforts to clear the Azot plant and complete encirclement operations south of Severodonetsk and Lysychansk by driving up the T1302 Bakhmut-Lysychansk highway. Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, June 20
  • June 2022. By Kiel Institute for the World Economy. The volume of pledged weapons assistance – including heavy weapons –  has notably increased in recent weeks since the previous Ukraine Support Tracker data update on May 18. However, the difference between pledged and actually delivered arms can be very high. Among the major suppliers, the USA and Germany in particular have pledged significantly more than they have delivered, although in absolute terms the U.S. has already delivered weapons worth around ten times more than Germany. Ukraine Support Tracker

Southeast Asia

  • June 21, 2022. By Noah Kittner, East Asia Forum. With global concerns rising over climate change and carbon lock-in, Southeast Asia has a unique opportunity to advance its economy and global leadership by constructing a regional low-carbon electricity grid. ASEAN countries can match extensive solar energy resources with advanced manufacturing capability for battery energy storage and electric vehicles, making them prime candidates to lead the global transition to clean energy. ASEAN needs to work together on green energy

UAE

  • June 20, 2022. By World Nuclear News. Fuel loading has begun at Barakah 3 following the receipt of the unit’s operating licence, the Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation (ENEC) has announced. The UAE’s third nuclear unit is expected to start producing electricity later this year. Fuel loading begins at UAE plant : New Nuclear

UK 

  • June 21, 2022. By World Nuclear News. Future fusion energy facilities will continue to be regulated by the Environment Agency (EA) and Health & Safety Executive (HSE), the UK government has confirmed in its response to a consultation seeking views on the regulatory framework for ensuring the safe and effective rollout of fusion energy. Fission power plants are regulated by the Office for Nuclear Regulation. UK developing regulatory framework for fusion : Regulation & Safety

UK – Serbia 

  • June 20, 2022. By Hamza Karčić, RUSI. While Bosnian Serb separatism has been put on hold for now, there are other actors destabilising the country who should be added to the UK’s sanctions regime. Why the UK Should Expand Its Bosnia Sanctions List

USA

  • June 20, 2022. By Amanda Mayoral, Industry Week. As the world embarks on an electric vehicle (EV) boom, a new report by the Coalition for a Prosperous America (CPA) highlights a serious challenge facing the United States—an EV battery crisis. There are several reasons for this, including weak investment in advanced technologies, limited access to critical minerals and a lack of federal policies to promote R&D and manufacturing.  EV Has a Problem: 90% of the Battery Supply Chain ‘Does Not Exist’
  • June 20, 2022. By World Nuclear News. NuScale Power has announced it is making a strategic shift from product development to product delivery as commercialisation of its VOYGR small modular reactor (SMR) power plants approaches. SMR company NuScale pivots from development to delivery : Corporate

DEFENSE, MILITARY, SECURITY, CYBER

HORIZONS

Le interviste di The Science of Where Magazine

 

I CONFINI PLANETARI

FOCUS June 24, 2022. By Tom Cernev, The Interpreter. In 2009, academics Johan Rockström, Will Steffen and colleagues proposed an idea well beyond the geopolitical...

SATELLITI, INTELLIGENZA ARTIFICIALE, SVILUPPO SOSTENIBILE

FOCUS June 23, 2022. By Marshall Burke, Anne Driscoll, David Lobell, and Stefano Ermon, Brookings. Data drives development policy. To determine aid packages and projects, policymakers need...

L’EFFETTO DELLE SANZIONI ALLA RUSSIA

FOCUS June 22, 2022. By Gerard DiPippo, CSIS. Western governments imposed a series of financial, trade, and travel sanctions on Russia starting in late February in response...

LA COMPLESSITA’ DELLE TECNOLOGIE DI SORVEGLIANZA

FOCUS June 2022. By Dahlia Peterson and Samantha Hoffman, Brookings. The increasing sophistication and spread of artificial intelligence (AI) and digital surveillance technologies has drawn concerns over...

US AIR FORCE E L’INTELLIGENZA ARTIFICIALE PER UNA INTELLIGENCE “INTEGRATA”

L'Air Force sta esplorando nuovi modi in cui l'intelligenza artificiale può essere utilizzata per aiutare con la raccolta dei dati e la condivisione degli...

ENERGIA GREEN NEL SUD-EST ASIATICO

Con l'aumento delle preoccupazioni globali sui cambiamenti climatici e il blocco del carbonio, il sud-est asiatico ha un'opportunità unica per far avanzare la sua...

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